Chapter 30 Nutrition and Health Promotion

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Diabetes Type 1

Beta cells in the pancreas no longer prodcue insulin, meaning the patient must follow complicated dietary and medication treatment plans

Psyllium

Water-soluble fiber found in some cereals, dietary supplements, and bulk fiber laxatives

Triglyceride

Fatty acid and glycerol compound that combines with a protein molecule to form high - or low density lipoprotein

Digestion

Process of converting food into chemical substances that can be used by the body

Nutrient Deficiency

Conditions caused by a below-normal intake of a particular substance

Turgor

Skin tension test that can reveal dehydration

Amino acid

Organic compounds that form the chief constituents of protein and are used by the body to build and repair tissues

Neural tube defects

Any of a group of congenital anomalies of the brain and spinal column caused by failure of the neural tube to close during embryonic development

Hydrogenated oils

Oils that are combined with hydrogen, making them more saturated

Cholesterol

Nonessential nutrient produced by the liver that can result in atherosclerosis plaques with excessive dietary intake

Vertigo

Dizziness

Diverticulosis

Presence of pounchlike herniations through the muscular layer of the colon

Free radicals

Unstable compounds believed to damage cells, resulting in cancer, heart disease, and other disorders

Diabetes type 2

In ability of the body to use glucose for energy as result either of a lack of insulin production in the pancreas or of resistance to insulin on the cellular level

Metabolism

The process in which nutrients are used at the cellular level

Anabolism

The building phase

Catabolism

Breaking down phase

HDL

good fats

LDL

very low density lipoprotein carry cholesterol to the cells

What is the purpose of the nomogram

Determine BMI, how healthy a persons weight is its a good estimate in the degrees of fat

List four functions of water

* Key role in the maintenance of body temp.
*Acts as a solvent
*Acts as a lubricant for joints and mucous membranes
*Acts as a vehicle for transportation of substances such as nutrients, hormones and antibodies

Functions of proteins

*Builds and repair body tissue
*Regulates fluids and electrolyte balance
*Provides energy
*Bodys defense mechanisms against disease by creating antibodies

Basal Metabolic rate

Is the amount of energy used by a fasting, resting individual to maintain vital functions

Nutrients

4

Fats

9

Vitamins (2) types

Fat Soluble and Water Soluble

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