Nursing Informatics

Created by lkoestner 

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Health Information Systems

A composite made of all the information management systems that serve an organization's needs.

Continuity of Care Document

Uses CDA standards to provide a snapshot of a patient's health information, including insurance information, medical diagnoses, and problems, medications, and allergies.

Health Level 7

Provides a common structure for clinical documents.

ARRA

Otherwise known as "Stimulus", was a milestone in the history of HIT.

HITECH Act

As a part of the ARRA, this act outlined four purposes for HIT: define meaningful use, incentives for the adoption of EHRs, provides security of EHR data, promotes IT innovation.

Interoperability

The ability to share data and is a goal of HITECH Act or EHRs.

Workflow Redesign

Should be orchestrated by a multidisciplinary team, which first identifies what an automated system is expected to accomplish.

Systems Life Cycle

The process that begins with the conception of a system until the system is implemented.

ROI

Return on investiment and cost benefit analysis.

RFI

Request to vendors used to determine which vendors should be considered.

RFP

Detailed document sent to vendors to identify how their product will meed the user's needs.

Vaporware

Broken promises of computer system products.

Vanilla product

Standard product sent by vendors.

Bugs

System errors and issues.

Regression testing

Application functionality.

Superusers

Indivdiuals identified to assist the system building and testing.

Go-live

Implementation of a new system.

Rollback

Backing out of the implementation of a program or system.

Pilot conversion

Used to identify issues that may occur when making a transition to a new clinical information system.

Phased conversion

When implementation of a sytem occurs gradually in a controlled environment.

Parallel conversion

Requires the operation and suppoort of the new and old system at the same time.

Big-Bang conversion

The abrupt conversion from one computer system to another.

Business Continuity Plan

Plan for disaster recovery and continuation of IT services after a disaster.

CCHIT

Provides certifications to ensure EHR interoperability.

ADT

Admission, discharge, and transfer systems.

Physician Quality Report Initiative (PQRI)

Voluntary for all fee-for-service providers billing Medicare and evidence-based quality measures

HIT Research and Analysis Reports

Specialize in researching health information technology solutions to assist in making purchasing solutions.

CIS

Integrated and interoperable information systems and technologies that provide information about patient care.

eMAR

Electronic medication record

PPID

Systems that barcode patients for positive identification.

Tracking systems

Systems to track processes such as bed availability and to provide documentation of time lapses used in analysis of data and planning.

Critical Pathways

Structure allowing for documentation of assessment elements, interventions, patient response, and coordination of documentation by all disciplines.

Point-of-Care Systems

Use of lightweight tablet computers with built-in scanning devices for bar-code recognition.

Voice communication systems

Communication systems that facilitate the exchange of information needed by the various health care disciplines.

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