Chapter 2 Latin America Shaped by Its History

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Mrs.Soto's 6th grade Social Studies Chapter 2 Latin America Shaped by Its History

What is a criollo?

someone who was born in Latin America, but had Spanish parents

This is the power given by Spain to settlers to demand taxes or labor from Native Americas?

encomienda

What do you call the signs and symbols that were part of a writing system used by the Mayas to record their history?

hieroglyphics

Many Latin American are moving from rural region of Latin America to where?

the cities

What did the Incas use to carry water from a lake to fields many miles away?

aqueduct

What do you call a military officer who gained power in Latin America after independence?

caudillo

Incas used these knotted string to record infomation

quipu

The Aztecs built a great civilization in the area now know as what?

the Valley of Mexico

What are accomplishments of the Incas?

roads and aqueducts

What did not contribute to the Spanish victory over the Aztecs?

the Spanish had more soldiers

Spain's two most important colonies in the Americas were ?

New Spain and Peru

What was one result of the population explosion in Latin America?

an increase in people moving to cities

What was the first European colony in the Americas to win independence?

Haiti

Name two leader who contributed to independence in South America?

Jose de San martin and Simon Bolivar

What were the caudillos who ruled Latin America countries after independence mainly concerned with?

getting rich and holding power

What is true about Foreign companies in Latin America?

Foreign companies often controlled the economies of Latin American countries

The cities of Copan and Tikal were part of what civilization?

Mayan civilization

Tenochtitlan was the center of which ancient civilization?

Aztec civilization

The Incan civilization was located where in South America?

along the western coast of South America

What did the Line of Demarcation divided?

control of the territory in South America between Spain and Portugal

Which European country was Brazil once a colony of ?

Portugal

Many Latin American countries did what when the price of oil rose in the 1980"s ?

borrowed money from wealthy counties

What animal did not come from the Americas to Europe?

horses

Simon Bolivar's leadership joined which independent areas to become the federation called Gran Colombia?

independent Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama

How do many Latin American countries tried to control foreign investment?

keeping foreign companies from buying too much land

What world events inspired Haiti's fight for independence?

The war the colonists of North America fought with Britain and the uprising of the French people against their royal rulers. The American and French revolution.

What effect do you think Haiti's fight had on other parts of Latin America?

probably inspired other people in Latin America to want their independence

Give three reasons why a relatively small band of Spanish soldiers were able to conquer much of Latin America and its people?

1. guns, cannons, and horses
2. Spanish carried diseases that affect the Native people
3. had help from Native Americans that were angry with other Native American because of local rivlries

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