Chapter 2 Test

Created by Jodi13 

Upgrade to
remove ads

In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron.

dendrites to the cell body to the axon

A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the:

action potential

When the release of ACh is blocked, the result is:

muscular paralysis

An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements is called the:

motor cortex

The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in:

children who have had a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed

The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveal a person's abilities and traits is called:

phrenology

Which endocrine gland regulates body growth?

pituitary

The part of the cerebral cortex that directs the muscle movements involved in speech is known as:

Broca's area

The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the:

myelin sheath

Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into:

the bloodstream

The occipital lobes are to ______ as the temporal lobes are to ______.

seeing; hearing

The body's speedy, electrochemical information system is called the:

nervous system

If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release _____ into your bloodstream.

epinephrine

The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of:

visual perception

The most extensive regions of the brain, which enable learning and memory, are called the:

association areas

The strengthening of synaptic connections facilitates the formation of:

neural networks

Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name?

reticular formation

A synapse is a(n):

junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron

The reticular formation is located in the:

brainstem

Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n):

lesion

Your conscious awareness of your own name and self-identity depends primarily on the normal functioning of your:

cerebral cortex

The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain:

plasticity

Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that travel across the:

synaptic gap

Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?

thalamus

The part of a neuron that transmits neural messages to other neurons or to muscles of glands is called the:

axon

In order for you to be able to run, _____ must relay messages from your central nervous system to your leg muscles.

motor neurons

The best way to detect enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia is to use a(n):

EEG

The somatic nervous system is a component of the _____ nervous system

peripheral

Nerves are neural cables containing many:

axons

Neurosurgeons have severed the corpus callosum in human patients in order to reduce:

epileptic seizures

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set