This correctional era advocated an environment that emphasized reformation, education, and vocational programs,an focused offenders' attention on the future.
The Classical School
What theory links crime causation to punishment, based on offenders' free will and hedonism?
The stages of this system were solitary confinement, special prison, open institutions, and ticket of leave.
Enforced idieness, lack of professional programs, and excessive size and overcrowding of prisons is characteristic of the Period of -----.
What happens to the number of clients processed and managed by the criminal justice system each year?
How do correctional agencies achieve the short-term protection of society?
rehabilitating offenders, detaining inmates in jail or incarcerating them in prison, and granting bail.
A legislative authorization to provide a specific range of punishment for a specific crime?
18th-century theorist is recognized as the founder of the Classical School of criminology.
The belief that criminals do not have complete choice over their criminal actions and may commit acts that are beyond their control.
Idea that the main objective of an intelligent person is to achieve the most pleasure and the least pain is part of the____________.
The ______is a theory of corrections that offenders were sick and needed to be diagnosed and treated.
Era, from1910-1935, emphasized inmate manufacture of products that could help to make the prisons self-sustaining.
The effect of _______ on an individual offender that prevents that person from committing future crimes is specific deterrence.
This Italian physician concluded that criminal had traits that made them throwbacks to earlier stages of evolution.
This theorist suggested that criminal laws should be organixed so that the punishment for any act would outweigh the pleasure that would be derived from the act.
Correctional policy analysts
The term for correctioanl staff who aid in the policy development process.
During the 1950's, the rehabilitation of offendrs replaced punishmet as the penal system's primary objective.
England used transportation in the 17th and 18th centuries to remove criminal from society by sending them to its_____.
How do correctional agencies fulfill their mission?
Assistin courts int he decision to grant bail, imprisoning offenders who receive a sentence of incarceration from the courts, supervising offenders in the community under court jurisdiction.
General deterrence presumes that others in sociey will not commit crimes because they see that there is a punishment for such acts and that individuals receive the prescribed punishments.
Defined as the range of community and institutional sanctions, treatment programs, and services for managing criminal offenders.
Sherriff of Bedfordshire, England, encouraged reform of English jails in the late 1700s.
Problem with the Pennsylvania system
Had low productivity, Made inmates mentally ill, and was expensive
School recognized that there was much ground between total free will and determinism.
The avoidance of judicial intervention in the operation of prisons and the judgment of correctional administrators.