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puberty

part of adolescence when the reproductive system becomes mature

adolescence

stage of development between childhood and adulthood

hormones

a chemical made by the endocrine system that is made in one part of the body that is carried through the body by blood stream, causing a change in another part of the body

ovum

female sex cell

eggs

female sex cell

carrying a baby is...

function of female reproductive system

make and store eggs is...

function of female reproductive system

ovaries

where female sex cells are produced

estrogen

female sex hormone

fallopian ttubes

passage way for the eggs

oviducts

passage way for the eggs

cervix

opening where egg leaves the uterus if not fetilized; lower end of the uterus

vagina

muscular passageway where egg leaves the body

sperm

male sex cell

testosterone

male sex hormone

testes

where male sex hormones, testosterone, is produced

scrotum

where testes are located

epididymus

where sperm cells are stored

prostate gland

makes up semen

cowpers gland

makes up semen

seminal vesticles

makes up semen

vas deferens

connects epidiymus to urethra; sperm carrying tube

penis

where semen leaves the body

urethra

muscular tube where semen passes through

semen

liquid that contains sperm and fluid from glands

uterus

muscular organ where embryo develops

ovaries

produce egg cells and hormones

ovulation

the release of an egg by the ovaries once a month

menstuation

discharge of the blood filled lining of the uterus

fetilization

the joining of the sperm cell and the ovum (egg)

zygote

a fetilized egg, produced by the joining of a sperm and an egg

embryo

when the zygote reaches the uterus; takes place 6th day to 8th week of pregnancy

fetus

stage of development from 8th week to birth

placenta

a memebrane that becomes the link between the developing embryo or fetus and the mother

umbilical cord

ropelike structure that forms in the uterus between the embryo and the placenta

labor

process of muscular contractions that push the baby out of the uterus and through the vagina. takes place in three stages

menopause

when ovulation stops (age 45-55) and causes menstuation to stop

asbtinence

refraining from sexual intercourse until marriage

STD

sexually transmitted disease

progestrone

allows uterus to prepare for pregnancy; female sex hormone

estrogen

affects the development of female characteristics; female sex hormones

gynocologist

doctor who specualizes in the health care of the female reproductive system

11-13

age that males begin puberty

9-12

age females begin puberty

11-13

age females usually begin their first menstrual cycle

6 days

how long average menstual cycle last

28 days

how long the average menstrual cycle lasts

day 14-16

most fertile days

ejaculation

releases sperm; possibly happens during sexual intercourse

fraternal twins

two different sperms

fraternal twins

two different eggs

fraternal twins

don't share placenta

identical twins

same sperm

identical twins

same egg

identical twins

sperm and egg divide in two

identical twins

share placenta

body is too hot

why testes are held outside of the body in the scrotum

14%

condom failure rate

5%

birth control pill failure rate

birth control pill

stops ovulation; no egg

bacterial disease

there is a cure

viral disease

there is no cure

chlamydia

most common STD

t cells

type of blood cells that are attacked by the virus that causes AIDS

fallopian tibes

where fertilization occurs

epidiymus

stores sperm until mature

day 1-4

menstrual discharge happens on what days of the cycle

day 5-13

developing egg happens on what day of the cycle

day 14-15

ovulation occurs on what day of the cycle

day 16-22

egg moves through oviduct on what day

day 23-28

egg enters uterus on what day of the cycle

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