MDC-Dental hygiene Nutrition

57 terms by sgp89

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Pernicious Aemia is associated with

Vitamin B12 defiency

Vitami C promotes

production of collagens

Amioi acids are termed essental because

cannot be synthesized within the body

Beriberi is a defiecy in

thiamin

Amino Acids are building blocks for

protein

Glucose is absorbed in

the small intestine

Glycogen is stored in the

liver

HDL

good cholestrol-rids body of cholestrol

LDL

bad cholestrol- attratcs cholestrol and clogs artieries

Saturated fats derived from

animal origins, ad are solid at room temperature

Usaturated fats are derived from

plant origis and are liquid at room temperature

Alpha-linolenic acid is an

omega- 3 fatty acid aids formatio of cell walls, lowres blood pressure, reduce risk of stroke or thrombisis- found in walnuts, pumpkin seeds, brazil nuts, gree leafy veggies

Linoleic acid is an

omega-6 fatty acid, aids i rhematoid arthhitis, pms, and dermatologic disorders- found in olive oil, chesnut oil, pumpkin seeds

Calcium is essential for

muscle contarction

Vitamin D is needed for the absorption of

calcium and phosphours

Water-Soluble Vitamins are

B1,B2,B3,B5,B6,B12,B9, Vitamin C

B1

Thiamin, defiecy in B1 is beriberi found in pork, nuts, fish

B2

riboflavin- deficency in this is glossitis, cheilosis, anemia

B3`

Niacin-defiency in this results to angular cheilosis, pellegeria, diaherra

B5

Pantothenic acid-defeincy in this resulst to depression, weakened immnue system

B6

Pyridoxine- defiency results in glossits, dermatis, anemia, mental impairment

B12

Cobalamin- reults in perniocous anemia

B9

Folic acid- defiency results in prebith defects, anemia, tongue depapillaton

Vitamin C

ascorbic acid- controls infection, aids coective tissue healing- defiecy results in scurvy, hemorrhages, ad delayed healing

Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamin a,D,E,K

Viatmin A

beta carotene- goos for eyesights, boe formation, defiency in night blindness xerostomia

Vitamin D

Caciferol- good for teeth mineralization- defeincy in caries prone, rickets(child) osteomalcia(adults)

Vitamin E

Tocopherol- prev of blood clots ad heart diz- defiency results in sterility, hemolytic anemia

Vitamin K

Phylloquinone- good for blood clotting and normalliver function- defiency prolonged bleeding

Kwashiorkor

seen in children living in impoverished areas, caused by lock of protein signs large abdomen

Marasmus

inadequate proteins, casues retardation, and weakness

Carbohydrates are stored in the liver as

Glycogen

Which conditio causes knucklies to be calloused and partoid glands swollen

Bulimia Nervosa

Which vitamin aids in the absorptionn of calcium and phosphorous

Viatmin D

Minerals that are essential for water balance

Soduim and potassuim

Defiency in thyrosine results in

rigid arms and legs

Carboxypepitidase is a enzyme ecessary for

removig amio acids from peptides

Sucrose is broken down, absorbed, and utilized by the body as which of the following?

fructose and glucose

Excessive amounts of which one of the following vitamins is most toxic when taken for a prolonged period of time?

Vitami D

In addition to being a vitamin, Vitamin D is also a/an:

Hormone

Oversupplementation of zinc can cause of deficiency of

Copper

A patient suffering from angular cheilosis, angular stomatitis, glossitis, red, itching eyes, and poor healing suffers from a deficiency of which one of the following vitamins

Riboflavin

Blood formation requires many nutrients. The major nutrients involved in blood formation are:

Vitamin B 12 and folic acid

Carotenes of plants are precursors to which of the following

Vitamin A

In what capacity do vitamins serve in the body?

as regulators of biochemical reaction

Which type of carbohydrate is glucose

monosaccharide

Which of the following vitamins is synthesized by microorganisms

Vit K

Sucrose is what type of carbohydrate?

a disaccharide

Which vitamin is associated with calcium and phosphorus absorption from the gut?

Vit D

The ingestion of minerals may affect the absorption of

Vit A and D

Rickets and osteomalacia result from a deficiency in

Vit D

Intrinsic factor is necessary for intestinal absorption of which of the following?

Vit B12

Glossitis and cheilosis may result from a deficiency in

Vit B Complex

From which nutrient is the amount of kcal equivalent to 9 kcal per gram

Fats

Which of the following is the most important salivary buffer

Bicarbonate

The most common medical emergency related to diabetes is

Insulin shock

People with PKU (phenylketonurics) should not consume

asparatame

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