War between the Northern and Southern states, and almost caused our nation to split.
Busy building cities, factories, and railroads, and had free workers.
Few factories or large cities, mostly farmers, with African slaves taking care of the crops.
Large farms in the South.
A person who comes to live in a country from another nation.
Most important crop in the South after the cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney.
The United States as one country. During the Civil War, the Union was the North.
Settlement of differences in which each side gives up some of its demands.
Henry Clay's idea to let Maine join the union as a free state, and Missouri join as a slave state.
A person who wanted to see slavery ended everywhere.
Former slave who gave speeches and wrote a book convincing northerners to become abolitionists.
People who secretly helped escaped slaves reach northern states, and provided safe houses called stations.
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay's second compromise which helped keep peace between the North and South.
Fighting in Kansas that showed the time for compromise was over. It was time for war.
Promised to leave slavery alone in the South, but was against letting it spread to new territories.
To reject the government of the U.S. and leave the Union.
Supporters of the Confederacy, especially soldiers in the Confederate Army.
Town in Pennsylvania that was the turning point in the war.
Areas away from the fighting.
Special order by Lincoln that freed slaves in states that were fighting against the Union.
The selection of people to serve in the army whether they wish to serve or not.
Roberty E. Lee
General of the Confederate Army.
Ulysses S. Grant
General of the Union Army.
Heavy guns and cannons.
Root used to make a coffee-like drink.
Thick, unsalted, hard cracker.