US History Test #20-hemby

20 terms by CHS-eng-histstudylab 

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"Double V"

The Pittsburgh Courier argued that African Americans should join the war effort in order to achieve a double victory over Hitler's racism and racism at home in a campaign called

military equipment

The automobile industry was unique suited to the mass production of

combat

During World War II, the Army enlisted women for the first time, although they were barred from

Office of War Mobilization

What did Roosevelt establish in 1943 to settle arguments between different agencies concerning production of goods for the war?

Dwight D. Eisenhower

On November 8, 1942, the American invasion of North African began under the command of General

Midway

In June 1942, decoded Japanese messages alerted the United States to the Japanese attack on

radar

The Battle of the Atlantic slowly turned in favor of the Allies, in part due to new technology, including depth charges, sonar, and

Bracero Program

To help farmers in the Southwest overcome the labor shortage, the government introduced the

internment camps

In 1942 Secretary of War Henry Stimson declared most of the West Coast a military zone and ordered all people of Japanese ancestry to evacuate to

the Sunbelt

Taken together, the growth of southern California and the expansion of cities in the Deep South created a new industrial region called

the Philippines

One part of the American plan for the defeat of Japan called for General MacArthur's troops to advance through the Solomon Islands, capture the north coast of New Guinea, and then retake

oil shortage

The bombing campaign between January 1943 and May 1945 did not destroy Germany's economy or undermine German morale, but it did destroy many aircraft factories, wrecked the railroad system, and caused a severe

Guadalcanal

General MacArthur's campaign in the southwest Pacific began with the invasion of

United Nations

In 1944, at the Dumbarton Oaks Estate in Washington, D.C., delegates from 39 countries met to discuss a new

V-J Day

Faced with the massive destruction caused by atomic bombs and the shock of the Soviets joining the war, the Japanese emperor ordered his government to surrender on August 15, 1945 was called

D-Day

The day of the invasion of France

Bataan Death March

When 78,000 prisoners of war were forced to march 65 miles

kamikaze

Japanese pilots who flew one way missions

amphtrac

An amphibious tractor used to get soldiers on islands past coral reef

Okinawa

Allies captured this island in order to have a base for an invasion of Japan

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