Chapter 8: The Middle East

10 terms by mdvorin-spross 

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Afghanistan

______ is generally not considered geographically part of the "Middle East."

five

The adhan (call to prayer) is performed ______ times per day to call Muslims to worship.

ud

The European medieval lute is thought to derive from the Middle Eastern ______.

maqam

The Arabic musical system (mode) used as the basis for composition and improvisation is known as ______.

santur

The Iranian ______ is a trapezoidal hammered zither.

dastgah

The Persian musical system (mode) used as the basis for composition and improvisation is known as ______.

meter

Arabic iqa-at (rhythmic modes) focus primarily on distinctions of ______.

Sufis

______ are generally regarded as adherents to the "mystical" branch of Islam.

ritual dance performed by Sufis

A "whirling dervish" is a reference to a ______.

Cantillation

______ denotes a kind of heightened speech that is between speaking and singing.

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