Separation Anxiety Disorder
Characterized by extreme, developmentally inappropriate anxiety when separated from a primary caretaker, such as a parent.
Usually occurs between the ages of 10 and 18 months, with a significant decrease by the age of 2; the tendency to cling to the caretaker more often and become distressed when separated from their caretaker, even when the caretaker leaves the room momentarily.
Symptoms go away without any therapeutic intervention
Represented by extreme fears of objects or situations
Refusing to go to school
Being fearful of going to school
Revolves around fear in social situations in which the child might embarrass him or herself.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A disorder that occurs when a child or adolescent has disordered thoughts, ideas or images or disordered, repetitive behaviors
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Occurs when children or adolescents experience a pervasive and chronic level of anxiety and worry; Children tend to be very self-conscious and perfectionistic
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Occurs when children or adolescents experience some type of traumatic event (such as sexual assault, sniper attack, earthquake, etc) and have even more problems related to the even than would otherwise be expected
Diagnosed when children fail to speak in one or more situations (such as school) when it is obvious that they can speak in other situations (such as home).
Infants who are irritable, shy and fearful
Combines classical conditioning and operant conditioning in explaining the development and maintenance of anxiety disorders.
The ability to deal effectively with one's emotions
Usually used to decrease anxiety symptoms and specific phobias; exposure to feared stimulus (either in real life or imagined) and then pairing that exposure to relaxation
Family Anxiety Management Training
Involves trying to empower parents and children to become experts in coping with anxiety; specifically, they are taught basic behavioral techniques so that they can respond appropriately to their child's anxiety
Refers to the combination of anxiety and depression
Anxiety that is based on the situation and is relatively temporary
Anxiety that is more chronic and stable across situations