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test over skin question and answer

squamous cell

a type of epithelial cell in the epidermis is a

dermis

middle layer of skin

keratin

a hard protein material found in the epidermis

collagen

structural protein found in skin and connective tissue

dry

xer/o means

subungual

pertaining to under a nail

skin

cutane/o

albinism

absence of pigment in skin

paronychia

inflammation of the soft tissue around a nail

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

trichomycosis

fungal infection

steatoma

fatty mass within a sebaceous gland

hive

a wheal

large blisters

bullae

small abscess

pustule

pruritus

itching

thickened scar

keloid

systemic lupus erthematosus (SLE)

inflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin affect other organs of the body

dysplastic nevi

moles that can develop into mallignant melanoma

decubitus ulcer

bed sore; break in continuity of skin

psoriasis

chronic recurrent dermatosis with silvery gray scales covering red patches in skin

tinea

a dermatomycosis

leukoplakia

white patches on a mucous membrane of tongue or cheek

scleroderma

connective tissue in the skin hardens

mohs surgery

layers of growth are removed and examined microscopically

lipocyte

a fat cell is a

lunula

the half-moon shaped white area at the base of a nail is called the

collagen

a structural protein found in skin and connective tissue is

melanin

a black pigment found in the epidermis is

basal layer

the deepest region of the epidermis is the

stratum corneum

the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of flattened keratinized cells is the

sebum

an oily substance secreted by sebaceous gland is

dermis

the middle layer of the skin is the corium or

keratin

a hard protein material found in epidermis hair and nails is

cuticle

a band of epidermis at the base and side of the nail plate is the

epidermis

the outermost layer of skin

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

seborrhea

excessive secretion from sebaceous glands

paronychia

inglammation and swelling of soft tissue around a nail

dermatophytosis or dermatomycosis (tinea)

fungal infection of the skin

causalgia

burning sensation (pain) in the skin

dermatoplasty

surgical repair of the skin

subcutaneous

pertaining to under the skin

anhidrosis

abnormal condition of lack of sweat

keratosis

abnormal condition of proliferation of keratinized cells

ichthyosis

abnormal condition of dry scall skin

epidermolysis

loosening of the epidermis

xanthoma

yellow tumor (nodule under the skin)

subungual

under the nail

onychomycosis

abnormal condition of nail fungus

vesicle

circumscribed collection of clear fluid (blister)

wheal

smooth slightly elevated edematous are (hive)

macule

discolored flat lesion (freckle)

fissure

groove or crack like sore

polyp

muschroom like growth extending from the surface of a mucous membrane

pustule

circumscribed collection of pus

cyst

closed sac containing fluid or semi solid material

ulcer

open sore or erosion of skin

papule

solid elevation of the skin (pimple)

nodule

larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin

alopecia

baldness

ecchymosis

itching

pruritus

blackhead

urticaria

purplish macular patch

comedo

loss of pigment in the skin

petechiae

small pinpoint hemorrhages

scabies

contagious parasitic infection with intese pruritus

leukoplakia

while patches on mucous membrane of tongue or cheek

exanthematous

characterized by a rash

nevus

colored pigmentation of the skin (mole)

urticaria

acute allergic reaction in which hives develop

bullae

large blisters

keloid

raised thickened scar

pilonidalcyst

sac of fluid and hair over the sacral region of the back

varicella

chickenpox

acne

build up of sebum and keratin in pores of the skin leading to papular and pustular eruptions

tinea

fungal skin infection

scleroderma

chronic hardening and shrinking of connective tissue

decubitus ulcer

bedsore

gangrene

necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia

impetigo

contagious infectious pyoderma

psoriasis

chronic recurrent dermatosis marked by silvery gray scales covering red patches on the skin

malignant melanoma

cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

widespread inflammatorydisease of joints and collagen of the skin with butterfly rash on the face

eczema

chronic or acute inflammatory skin disease with erythematous pustular or papular lesions

scratch test and patch test

two skin tests for aller are

punch biopsy

a surgical procedure to core out a disk of skin for microscopic analysis is a

mohs surgery

the procedure in which thin layers of malignant growth are removed and each is microscopically analyzed is

dyplastic nevi

moles that do not form properly and may progress to form melanomas are called

cryosurgery

destruction of tissue by intensely cold temperatures is called

lipoma

tumor of fatty tissue

lunula

half moon shaped white area at the base of a nail

albinism

condition of absence of pigment in the skin

melanin

pgment that gives the skin color

cuticle

band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate

causalgia

intensely unpleasent burning sensation in skin

dermabrasion

scraping away of skin to remove tattoos or fine wrinkles

erythematosus

pertaining to redness of the skin

anhidrosis

condition of absence of sweating

onycholysis

seperation of the nail plate from the nail bed

alopecia

baldness

leukoplakia

condition of white plaques on the tongue or cheek

seborrheic dermatitis

inflammation of skin with yellow or browngray greasy scales (dandruff)

sunungual

pertaining to under a nail

paronychia

inflammation and swellin of the soft tissue around the nail

xeroderma

dry skin

pilosebaceous

pertaining to hair and glands that secrete sebum

keratosis

abnormal condition of thickened area of the epidermis

dermatomycosis

abnormal condition of a fungal infection of the skin

collagen

structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

tinea

infection of the skin caused by fungus

callus

increased growth of cells in the horny layer of the epidermis

keloid

hypertrophied thickened scar tt occures after trauma or surgical incision

cicatrix

normal scar left by a healed wound

impetigo

bacterial inflammatory skin disease a contagious pyoderma

acne

papular and pustular eruption of the skin comedones occur

psoriasis

chronic recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy scaly red patches covered by silvery gray scales

eczema

inflannatory skin disease with erythematous papulovesicular lesions common allergic reaction in children and adults

vitiligo

loss of pigment in areas of the skin

pruritus

itching

ecchymosis

bluish black marks on the skin caused by hemorrages into the skin

purpura

large areas of bleeding under the skin

gangrene

death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply

papule

a small solid elevation of the skin (pimple)

wheal

a smooth slightly elevated edematous area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin

scabies urticaria

an acute allergic reaction of the skin withhives and itching

decubitus ulcer

bedsore

basal cell sarcoma

malignant tumor of cells in the epidermal layer of the skin

rubella

an exanthematous viral disease german measles

bullae

large vesicles

collagen

structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

dermis

middle layer of the skin

epithelium

layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body

hair follicle

sac within which each hair grows

albino

person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)

cuticle

band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate

eccrine sweat glands

most numerous of sweat-producing glands in the skin

basal layer

deepest region of the epidermis it gives rise to all the epidermal cells

apocrine sweat glands

large dermal exocrine gland located in axilla and genitals

epidermis

outermost layer of the skin

lipocyte

fat cell

pore

tiny opening on the surface of the skin

sebum

oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands

lunula

half moon shaped white area at the base of a nail

paronychium

soft tissue surrounding the nail border

stratified

arranged in layers

squamous epithelium

flat scal like cells composing the epidermis

melanin

major skin pigment

keratin

hard protein material found in the epidermis hair and nails

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