Brain Anatomy

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SCC Cole, A&P1 lecture and lab study guide

Frontal Lobe

Name Anatomical Structure A

Parietal Lobe

Name Anatomical Structure B

Central Sulcus

Name Anatomical Structure Groove H

Medulla Oblongata

Anatomy, identify 6: lower or hindmost part of the brain.Vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning

Pyramid of Medulla Oblongata

Identify structure B:

Pons

Identify the structure A: band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain

Pons

Identify this structure just above the Medula Oblongata

Intermediate mass of thalamus

Identify A: Gray matter bridge which connects the R and L Thalamic nuclei

Hypothalamus

Name Structure A: limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperature and other functions

Cerebellum

Identify: the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance

Corpus Callosum

Identify B: a broad transverse nerve tract connecting the two cerebral hemispheres

Pineal Gland

Identify A: located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin

Fornix

Identify Highlighted Structure: A fiber tract that extends from the hippocampus to the mammillary body.

Pituitary Gland

Identify A: endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the influence of the hypothalamus, the pituitary regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands

Septum Pellucidum

Identify #5:, Separates the lateral ventricles of the cerebral hemispheres

Lateral Ventricle

Identify C: located in each hemisphere of the cerebrum. Seperated by the septum pellucidum.

Thalamus

Identify A: large egg-shaped structures of gray matter that form the dorsal subdivision of the diencephalon

Hypothalamus

Identify B: A neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs eating, drinking, body temperature; helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion

Cerebellum

Identify: the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance

Vermis

Identify A: the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres

Arbor Vitae

Identify F: cerebellar white matter

Pineal gland

Identify A: located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin

Fornix

Identify

Pituitary gland

Identify: the master gland of the endocrine system

Septum Pellucidum

Identify: thin membrane that separates lateral ventricles

Mammillary bodies

Identify: paired pealike nuclei that bulge anteriorly from the hypothalamus; relay stations in the olfactory pathways

Mammillary bodies

Identify A:

Fornix

Identify this sheeps brain anatomy:

Pineal Body

Identify: a small endocrine gland in the brain

Inferior colliculi, superior colliculi

Identify Red Arrows, Identify Blue Arrows

Optic Chiasma

Identify this structure: the crossing of the optic nerves from the two eyes at the base of the brain

Medulla Oblongata

Identify this structure: lower or hindmost part of the brain

Septum Pellucidum

Identify this structure: thin membrane that separates lateral ventricles

Cerebellum

Identify: "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance

Optic Nerve

Identify #2: the cranial nerve that serves the retina

Olfactory bulb

Identify #8: a collective term for numerous olfactory filaments in the nasal mucosa

Optic Chiasm

Identify what the arrow is pointing to (A)

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