A relatively lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style.
A type of brief poem that expresses personal emotions and thoughts of a single speaker; sonnets, haiku, odes, and elegies are different types of these.
A type of fixed form poetry consisting 36 lines of any length divided into six sestets and a 3 line concluding stanza called a ENVOY. The six words at the end of the first sestet's lines must also appear at the ends of the other five sestets, in varying order. These six words must also appear in the envoy, where they often resonate important themes.
A fixed form of lyric poetry consisting of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter. Petrarchan (octave and sestet) or Shakespearean (3 quatrains and a couplet).
Fixed form of poetry consisting of 19 lines divided into six stanzas: 5 tercets (aba) and a concluding quatrain (abaa). First and third lines of the tercet rhyme are repeated throughout.
A mournful lyric poem, usually to commemorate someone who has died, often ending in consolation. Also could be about the speaker's melancholy thoughts.
exaggeration or overstatement; bold, not intending to be literally true
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; not the dictionary definition, how the word's been commonly used
Type of metaphor in which something is closely associated with a subject is substituted for it (i.e. silver screen=movies, crown=king)
A kind of metaphor in which a part of something is used to signify the whole. (i.e. sails=a ship)
Common type of near rhyme that consists of identical consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds (i.e. worth, breath)
Repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same (ex: asleep under the tree).
When a sentence ends in the middle of a line ("dramatic pause").
3-line interlocking rhyme (aba/bcb/cdc/ded)
3 rhyming lines
A grouping of lines set off by space, usually w/ a set pattern of meter or rhyme
Two Consecutive lines of poetry that usually rhyme and have the same meter AABB (2 rhyming lines)
Figure of speech that makes a comparison NOT using like or as.
Explicit comparison using like or as
Attribution of human characteristics to non-human things
A sustained comparison in which part or all of a poem consists of a series of related metaphors
Word, phrase, or fig. of speech that addresses the senses.
Brief reference to person/place/thing/event in history
Dictionary meaning of a word.
Repetition of the same consonance sounds in a sequence of words, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable (ex: descending dewdrops)
Perfect Rhyme (Exact Rhyme)
Words that share the same stressed vowel sounds as well as sharing sounds that follow the vowel (i.e. Gratitude/attitude)
Words that look alike but do not rhyme at all (home/same)
Slant rhyme (near rhyme/approximate rhyme)
Sounds are almost, but not exactly alike
Imitation of another work (usually humorous)
When one line (part of sentence) continues on to the next line