APUSH Unit 12

Created by EmmaNBaldwin 

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Chapters 34 and 35

Franklin D Roosevelt

President of the United States during the great depression, had the New Deal one and two. tried to help with relief, recovery and reform

Eleanor Roosevelt

most active First lady in history, newspaper column, giving speaches and traveling the country advocating for social justice

Frances Perkins

first woman ever appointed to the United States Cabinet

Father Coughlin

catholic priest, did radio broadcasts and created the National Union for Social Justice

Huey Long

the "Kingfish" of demagouges who was against the new deal he promoted "share our wealth" and that there should be a minimum income of 5 thousand dollars for every family

Francis Townsend

Believed there should be a 2 percent federal tax to fun 200 dollars a month for retired people over 60 years old, prompted FDR to make the Social Service Act

John L. Lewis

Helped found the C.I.O. the Congress of Industrial Organizations

Alfred M. Landon

republican nominee for the presidency in 1936, lost to FDR

Boondoggling

work relief programs under the WPA, a politically motivated, trivial, wasteful or impractical government project funded with the intent to gain political favor

New Deal

FDR's economic policies to try and get the US out of the Great Depression

Hundred Days

first hundred days that FDR was in office he held a session of congress where they passed many legislation and laws such as WPA, AAA, CCC and NRA

The "three R's"

relief for people unemployed, recovery for businesses and the economy as a whole, and reform of economic institutions

Civilian Conservation Corps

The CCC, reduced poverty ad unemployment, helped young men and families, found jobs in construction

Works Progress Administration

WPA, provided jobs and income to the unemployed, built public buildings, roads and operated a large art project

national Recovery Act

new deal legislation, worked with unemployment and regulation of unfair business ethics

Schechter Case

said congress could not delegate legislative powers to the executive

Public Works Administration

1935, industrial recovery and unemployment relief, headed by secretary of interior Harold I. Ickes. tried to create jobs

Agricultural Adjustment Act

AAA, restricted crop production to try and raise the price of agriculture

Dust Bowl

A big drought through the early 1930s in which winds blew away dried top soil from farms causing huge amounts of dust to accumulate in the south on farms, ruining crops and farmland

Tennessee Valley Authority

relief, recovery and reform effort, gave 2.5 million citizens jobs and land, gave cheap electric power

Federal Housing Authority

provide low cost housing for the poor, gave small loans to house holders to improve their homes and help to provide competition for new ones

Social Security Act

created a federal tax on employees and employers to provide retirement money for people over the age of 65 and also to provide money for unemployment and disability

Congress of Industrial Organizations

union of unskilled workers, broke away from the American Federation of Labor and became their main competitor

Liberty League

conservative group against the new deal, said it made the US government too strong and interfered with businesses

Roosevelt coalition

kept the democratic party in power, the new deal, labor unions, minority groups

Twentieth and Twenty-first amendments

reduced the period between electino and inauguration, repealed prohibition

Court-packing scheme

FDR wanted to make it so that he could increase the number of justices in the supreme court by adding in more democrats, but everyone thought that was against constitutionality and that it was against checks and balances

Cordell Hull

founder of the United Nations, US diplomat

Joseph Stalin

russian leader who came after Lenin, head of communist party and created a totalitarian state in the Soviet Union

Benito Mussolini

fascist dictator in Italy, joined Germany during WWII in the axis pact

Adolf Hitler

leader of the nazi party, dictator of Germany, against jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces

Francisco Franco

spanish general who took control of spain in 1939 and became dictator

Winston Churchill

British Statesman who led Britain throughout WWII

Charles Lindbergh

US aviator who flew across the Atlantic Ocean

Wendell Willkie

opposition to utilities companies from the Tennessee Valley Authority

Reciprocity

mutual exchange of privileges

totalitarianism

form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator

isolationism

the idea that the United States wanted to stay out of the conflict going on in Europe and Asia

London Economic Conference

1933 66 nations met and tried to make a worldwide solution to the great depression

Good Neighbor policy

FDR's policy in which the US decided that the would not intervene with international affairs of Latin American Countries

Nazi Party

political party of Germany brought to power by Hitler in 1933, became the instrument of his absolute rule

Rome-Berlin axis

alliance between Italy and Germany

"Merchants of Death"

the people that the isolationist believed caused the US to go to war in WWI

Neutrality Acts

designed to avoid American involvement in WWII by preventing loans to any country involved in the war

Spanish Civil War

civil war in spain in which general Franco overthrew the government of the republic

China Incident

Japan invaded China, America watched it happen and did nothing because of its neutrality

Hitler-Stalin nonaggression pact

gave Germany permission to wage war on poland, meant that Germany and the Soviet Union were in an agreement of neutrality

"cash-and-carry"

policy of the US that tried to keep itself neutral while aiding the allies, Britain and France could buy goods from the US if they paid in full and transported them themselves

"phony war'

British and French did not aid poland

Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies

internationalist formed, could avoid war by aiding the allies with supplies and money to win the war

America First Committee

isolationists formed, to spare American lives and stay out of the conflict

Lend-lease

America can sell, lend, or lease arms or other supplies to a nation who is considered vital to the defense of America

Atlantic Charter

pledge that was signed in 1941 by FDR and Churchill saying not to aquire new territory from the war and to work out peace after it

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