← HRWC Final Terms Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- What the Qur'an says Jesus is not
- a This person was the Bishop of Milan. He rejected Arianism when Valentinian demanded it, and forced Theodosius to repent after killing rioters. He claimed authority over the emperor, laying the foundation for church-state relations later.
- b This heresy held that Jesus was a created being, and used John 3:16 to say Jesus was begotten. The titles of Jesus were courtesy. Athanasius opposed it, because their Jesus couldn't redeem fallen humanity, and it didn't align with the Bible.
- c This person was the first Christian Roman emperor. He saw a cross in the sky reading, "In this sign you will conquer" and the cross became his army's mark. He signed the Edict of Milan in 313, which legalised Christianity.
- d This teaching holds that Jesus was not God's son, divine, crucified and resurrected, or an atoning sacrifice.
- e This person was a prolific writer who lived a simple lifestyle. He wrote over 2000 works, approached scripture allegorically, and travelled and lectured. He thought Jesus was a "second God" and was his teachings were condemned as heretical after the church "worked out the trinity."
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- This person was a Jewish Pharisee who was captured by Titus and employed to offer information on Israel and Judaism. He helped dampen Jewish uprisings in Israel, and wrote "Wars of the Jews" and was hired by Emperor Vespasion to write about Titus' campaigns.
- This person was a deist during the Enlightenment who spent the last 20 years of his life attacking Christianity. He thought that the doctrines of Christianity are superstitious folly, Christianity should be exterminated and replaced with deism.
- King Philip of France exerted pressure through French Cardinals to elect French Pope Clement V. Clement lifted Nogaret's excommunication, commended Philip for his handling of Boniface, and moved the papal court to this town in France. Petrarch called this time span of 70 years the "Babylonian Captivity of the Church."
- This person was a pope called "pontifex maximus." He said to deny the Pope is to deny Peter, and to deny Peter is to deny God. He wrote a treatise about the nature of Christ that was the basis for Chalcedon.
- This was the movement that held that the council had the highest authority in the church, even above that of the pope. The Council of Constance was the high point of this movement, and ended the Papal Schism, suppressed heresies, and reformed the church by giving the council authority from Christ and holding one every ten years to ensure papal purity.
5 True/False Questions
Charles Martel → This person was called "the hammer." He was Mayor of the Palace in the Frankish kingdom. He beat the Muslim army at the Battle of Tours, which stopped the spread of Muslim advancement. He assumed the Frankish throne, and refused to fight against the Lombards when the Pope asked him to.
Dominicans → This monastic order began with someone realising the need for educated clergy to teach the people and win back heretics. They began as the Order of Preachers, and followed Augustine's Rule, abandoning manual labour for academics. They became the leading education of medieval Catholicsm and was in constant competition with the more spiritual Franciscans.
Ignatius of Antioch → This person stressed the importance of Scriptural authority. He affirmed the OT and apostolic writings as true, and stressed apostolic succession and church authority.
Clovis → This person was a pope called "pontifex maximus." He said to deny the Pope is to deny Peter, and to deny Peter is to deny God. He wrote a treatise about the nature of Christ that was the basis for Chalcedon.
Albigensians → This "heresy" resulted from a wealthy layman reading the NT in French and finding his prosperity incompatible with Christianity. He was forbidden from preaching, but still spread through Germany, France, and Italy. He was excommunicated by the Pope and persecuted by the Inquisition for his beliefs: nonrecognition of ecclesiastical authority, symbolic interpretation of the eucharist, denial of infant baptism, rejection of purgatory, and pacifism.