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favelas

large slums in urban areas of Brazil

landlocked

lacking access to the ocean, surrounded by land

encomienda

colonists received land from Spanish monarchs and were given the right to the labor of Indian workers

estuary

partially enclosed body of water where salty seawater and freshwater mix

gauchos

Argentine cowboys

Montevidea

capital of Uruguay

Gran Chaco

Flat, low plains south of the Brazilian Plateau

Pampas

wide, grassy plains of central Argentina

Mercosur

trade organization that promotes economic cooperation amont South American members

Brasilia

capital of Brazil

Portugal and Spain

Uruguay has been ruled by

The Amazon and Parana

drain most of the region

95%

people in Paraguay are mestizos

soil exhaustion

occurs when repeated planting of the same crops causes soil to lose nutrients

1816

Argentina gained independence from Spain after a long period of violence and wars occurred

Buenos Aires

Capital of Argentina

moist tropical climates

northern and coastal areas of Atlantic South America

steppe

climate that is not found in Atlantic South America

Spanish

the official language of Uruguay

1822

Brazil won indepence from Portugal

Amazon

provides natural rubber, wood, food, medicinal plants, and other products

Asian

migrants who probably settled Brazil first

Carnival, samba, and feijoada

elements that make up Brazil's culture

Paraguay River

seperates Paraguay into two regions and runs past its capital

Argentina's government

includes an elected president and elected legislature

Cordoba and Sao Paula

you cannot find these in the Amazon rain forest

Argentina's culture

milonga, beef, and Roman Catholicism

Brazil

occupies nearly half of the South American continent

northeast

Brazil's poorest region

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