Chemical Reactions

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17 terms

Chemical Equation

A symbolic way of describing a chemical reaction

Skeleton Equation

A chemical equation that does not indicate the amounts of substances involved

Catalyst

A substance that speeds up the rate of a reaction

Coefficients

Numbers used to balance a chemical equation

Balanced Equation

An equation in which each side has the same number of atoms of each element

Reactants

Substances that undergo chemical change

Products

New substances formed in a chemical reaction

Combination Reaction

A reaction in which two or more substances combine to form a single substance

Decomposition Reaction

Reaction in which a single compound is broken down into two or more products

Single-Replacement Reaction

Reaction in which atoms of one element replace atoms of a second element in a compound

Combustion Reaction

Reaction of a compound with oxygen to produce energy

Complete Ionic Equation

Equation that shows dissolved ionic compounds as free ions

Spectator Ions

Ions that do not participate in a reaction

Net Ionic Equation

Equation that indicated only the particles that take part in a reaction

Precipitate

Solid product of reaction in solution

Aqueous Reaction

Reaction that occurs in water

Ionic Solubility Rules

Used to predict whether a precipitate will form an aqueous reaction

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