Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

What dictates the structure of a protein molecule synthesized by the body

the DNA inside the nucleus of the cell

About 5 to ________ percent of our total energy output is attributable to the thermic effect of food

10

Which artificial sweetener was almost banned because of a proposed relationship with bladder cancer in experimental animals

saccharin

A desirable total blood cholesterol level, associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular disease, is less than ________

200 mg/dl.

1 out of 1 points


Approximately ________ percent of children who are obese maintain their higher weight as adults

70

Which of the following does NOT describe a characteristic associated with muscle dysmorphia?

purging by the use of laxative and/or vomiting at least two times a day

The production of endogenous very-low-density-lipoproteins (VLDL) is decreased by ________

c.
exercise.

Which of the following is a fat replacer?

olestra

Which of the following foods contains invisible fats?

chocolate cake

What is the leading cause of death in the United States?

heart disease

In physical activity lasting less than 1 hour, the most appropriate fluid replacement is ________

plain water.

Which of the following is a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids?

corn oil

The thrifty gene theory suggests that ________

some people possess a gene that causes them to expend less energy than other people.

Medium chain fatty acids are ________ carbon atoms in length.

6-12

A complete protein _______

contains all 9 essential amino acids.

To facilitate the digestion of dietary fats, the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as __

bile

What is meant by the overload principle?

improving fitness by placing extra physical demand on the body

Which of the following is NOT one of the physiological effects of regular physical activity?

decreases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL)

Conduction of nerve signals and contraction of muscles depends on the proper balance of ______

electrolytes.

The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for fat is ________ of total energy intake

b.
20-35%

During exercise, which of the following triggers the breakdown of stored fat?

adrenaline

The Institute of Medicine recommends a minimum of ________ minutes of physical activity each day for adults.

60

What is the National Weight Control Registry?

n ongoing project detailing the habits of people who have lost at least 30 pounds and maintained their weight for at least one y

The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called ________

mutual supplementation.

Insulin CANNOT be taken orally. Why?

Insulin is a protein and would be broken down by the human digestive tract if taken orally.

In which of the following events would carbohydrate loading NOT be beneficial?

weightlifting

One pound of body fat is equal to ________ calories.

3,500

Leptin is a hormone produced by ________ cells.

adipose

Which of the following is an example of a soluble fiber?

c.
pectins

Which of the following symptoms is characteristic of bulimia nervosa?

episodes of extreme overeating followed by purging

What type of weight loss will an individual experience by restricting calories but not increasing his or her level of physical activity

The individual will lose mostly lean body tissue.

The electrolyte imbalances that are often seen with eating disorders can result in

irregular heartbeat and heart failure.

Which of the following is FALSE concerning aerobic metabolism?

It leads to muscle fatigue

Our bodies store glycogen at the highest rate ________ hours after excercise.

24

An acid-base imbalance can result in ______

coma and death

In which of the following sports are male athletes at greater risk for developing bulimia nervosa?

wrestling

Which part of an individual amino acid distinguishes it from other amino acids?

side chains

All of the following result in satiety EXCEPT

decrease in blood sugar

In which of the following types of exercise would CP (creatine phosphate) be an important source of energy?

sprinting in the 100-meter race

Which of the following foods are rich sources of monounsaturated fatty acids?

olive oil and cashew nuts

Which of the following BEST describes the glycemic index?

The extent to which a given food raises blood glucose and insulin

About 5 to ________ percent of our total energy output is attributable to the thermic effect of food.

10

It is estimated that ________ percent of adults in the United States have the metabolic syndrome.

25

Insulin is synthesized and secreted by the

pancreas

Which of the following does NOT describe a characteristic associated with muscle dysmorphia?

purging by the use of laxative and/or vomiting at least two times a day

Approximately 18 million Americans have diabetes. Which of the following is the most prevalent form of diabetes?

type 2

Some athletes believe that caffeine can enhance athletic performance because it has been shown to

increase the use of fatty acids as a fuel source.

All of the following are examples of amino-acid containing hormones EXCEPT

testosterone.

Which of the following types of fat is required to be listed on the Nutrition Facts Panel by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration?

trans fatty acids

One pound of body fat is equal to ________ calories.

3500

What is the major monosaccharide found in the body?

glucose

Which of the following is FALSE concerning aerobic metabolism?

It leads to muscle fatigue

The label on a box of chocolate cookies claims that they are "low-fat." By law each serving must contain ________

3 grams or less of fat

Which of the following BEST describes disordered eating?

general term that describes a variety of abnormal or atypical eating behaviors

Where in the body do we find the greatest storage of potential energy?

body fat

A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of

two monosaccharides.

Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not absorbed by the body?

dietary fiber

Which of the following individuals does NOT need to have a medical evaluation before beginning an exercise regimen?

Dinitra, a healthy, active 35-year-old-woman

In what structure of the mammalian cell are proteins synthesized?

ribosome

Approximately ________ percent of children who are obese maintain their higher weight as adults.

70

Which of the following hormones is released when your blood sugar is too high?

insulin

The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called ________

mutual supplementation.

Individuals with untreated ________ are at risk for developing ketoacidosis.

diabetes mellitus

After completing an exercise session, adequate hydration in an athlete is best determined by ________

urine that is light yellow in color.

The electrolyte imbalances that are often seen with eating disorders can result in

irregular heartbeat and heart failure.

The Institute of Medicine recommends a minimum of ________ minutes of physical activity each day for adults.

60

Which of the following is NOT a side effect of carbohydrate loading?

improved performance

The two essential fatty acids are ________ and alpha-linolenic acids.

linoleic

What type of weight loss will an individual experience by restricting calories but not increasing his or her level of physical activity?

The individual will lose mostly lean body tissue.

Petra is a long distance track athlete who would like to optimize her glycogen stores. If she weighs 132 pounds, how many grams of carbohydrate should she consume to achieve this goal?

360-600

Which of the following is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease?

being overweight

Individuals with untreated ________ are at risk for developing ketoacidosis.

diabetes mellitus

The term complex carbohydrates refers to

polysaccharides.

Which of the following statements is FALSE about sterols?

Sterols contain a glycerol backbone and one fatty acid.

The part of the protein molecule that carries nitrogen is the ________

amine group.

The absorption of proteins occurs in the ________

small intestine.

Which of the following is an example of a soluble fiber?

pectins

an apple-shaped fat pattern increases a person's risk for ________ disease.

heart

Which of the following BEST explains why individuals with anorexia nervosa have an increased risk for developing osteoporosis?

decreased estrogen production

Which of the following BEST describes how ATP provides energy to the body's cells?

Energy is released when a phosphate group is cleaved from the ATP molecule.

Which of the following describes lipids?

organic nutrients that are insoluble in water

To conserve body protein for its vital functions and not use it to provide energy, you should ________

eat adequate amounts of carbohydrate and fat to conserve protein for other functions.

Research studies have shown that the risk for developing type 2 diabetes and hypertension begins to increase at a BMI greater than ________.

30

Which of the following supplements would you recommend a vegan add to his/her diet?

vitamin B12

Adiposity rebound occurs between the ages of 5 and ________ years

7

Social factors that appear to influence obesity risk include all of the following EXCEPT

abnormal thyroid hormone levels.

Which of the following individuals would most likely have the lowest basal metabolic rate?

a 28-year-old overweight woman

All of the following are symptoms/side effects of ketosis EXCEPT

high blood cholesterol

Basal functions include all of the following EXCEPT

walking up stairs.

George plays basketball for his high school team and he is concerned that he is not consuming enough kilocalories to support his activity. Which of the following would be the BEST indicator that he is not consuming adequate kilocalories?

He is losing weight.

A complete protein ________

contains all 9 essential amino acids.

The Institute of Medicine recommends that the minimum amount of physical activity needed daily is ________ minutes per day, 5 days a week.

30

Which of the following recommendations have been shown to improve blood lipid levels and reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease?

maintaining fat intake to within 20-35% of total energy

Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the likely presence of trans fatty acids in a product?

partially hydrogenated vegetable oil

Which of the following is NOT associated with type 2 diabetes?

autoimmune disease

What is the primary form of fat in the diet?

triglycerides

Which of the following BEST describes why the body reduces nonvital body functions in untreated anorexia nervosa?

The body needs to conserve energy.

Recommended treatment for type 2 diabetes includes

selecting carbohydrates that are rich in fiber.

Which of the following sports is frequently associated with its female athletes being at risk for developing the female athlete triad?

gymnastics

Serena is 5'8" tall and weighs 180 pounds. Serena's BMI indicates that she is ________

overweight.

The insoluble fiber that provides the main structural component of plant cell walls is ________

cellulose.

What lifestyle changes can a person take to improve his or her blood lipid profile?

lower intake of saturated fat and trans fat

Which of the following does NOT describe a characteristic associated with muscle dysmorphia?

purging by the use of laxative and/or vomiting at least two times a day

Two amino acids are joined together by a peptide bond to form a dipeptide. What is the by-product of this process?

water

What is the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for carbohydrates for an adult 19 years of age or older?

130 grams

Meat is NOT a good dietary source of glycogen. Why?

Most of the glycogen found in meat is broken down when the animal is slaughtered.

A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of

two monosaccharides

Which of the following is NOT an effective long-term treatment for obesity?

liposuction

Robin's dinner contains 750 kilocalories. How many kilocalories will Robin expend in order to process this meal?

38-75 kilocalories

To achieve moderate intensity physical activity, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends a target heart rate of between 50 to ________ percent of an individual's maximal heart rate.

70

Which of the following health problems has been associated with high intakes of fat replacers?

gastrointestinal distress

Which of the following fatty acids is generally solid at room temperature?

saturated

In men, a waist-to-hip ratio higher than ________ is associated with an increased risk for chronic disease.

0.90

Saturated fats are ________

found in whole milk and beef.

A protein's ________ structure refers to the twisting, spiral shape formed by the sequence and chemical properties of its amino acids.

secondary

The amount of ATP that can be produced in glycolysis can maintain exercise for no more than ________ minutes

3

The vast majority of fat digestion and absorption occurs in the ________
.

small intestine.

Andrea thinks that carbohydrate loading could be beneficial to her. Which of the following statements is FALSE about this practice?

Carbohydrate loading is helpful for moderately intense physical activity to maintain fitnes

How many grams of carbohydrate (per day) are recommended to prevent ketosis in healthy individuals (RDA)?

160grams

Approximately ________ of Americans report that they do not engage in any leisure-time activity

25%

National Institutes of Health (NIH) currently recommend a reduction in dietary sodium intake to less than _______ mg per day.

2400

The type of protein-energy malnutrition characterized by a general lack of protein in the diet is called ________

kwashiorkor.

To facilitate the digestion of dietary fats, the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as ________

bile.

The process through which mRNA copies genetic information from DNA and carries it to the ribosome is called ________

transcription.

A body weight that exceeds 100% of the normal standard for a given height is called ________

morbid obesity.

Maria typically eats 2000 kcals per day. How many calories per day should she strive to consume if she wanted to safely lose one pound per week?

1,500 kcals

Miguel weighs 250 pounds and is trying to lose weight. He decides to start an exercise program and starts walking (2 mph) for 30 minutes, five days a week. This activity burns 0.044 kcals/kg body weight/minute. How many additional kcals will Miguel burn each week with this exercise regime?

750

A limitation in using the body mass index is that it ________

does not take body composition into account.

Mucilage is a type of fiber used to

stabilize foods.

Why are phospholipids NOT an essential nutrient?

Our bodies manufacture phospholipids.

Carbohydrates contain (which elements?)

carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.

Gastric bypass surgery reduces food intake by ________

attaching the lower part of the small intestine to the stomach.

Which of the following is the most complete protein from a plant source?

soybeans

All of the following are parts of an amino acid molecule EXCEPT
.

a fatty acid group.

Physical activity not related to a person's occupation is defined as ________

leisure-time physical activity.

Egg whites stiffen when they are whipped. The change that occurs in the protein is called ________

denaturation.

A diet low in fiber is associated with an increased risk of developing

diverticulosis.

Research has found the strongest association between dietary fat intake and what type of cancer?

prostate

Which of the following is FALSE abut Peptide YY, sometimes called PYY?

occurs in higher levels in obese people.

All of the following are major classes of dietary lipids EXCEPT

glycogens.

The label of ready-to-eat cereal box indicates that 1 cup contains 32 grams of carbohydrate, 4 grams of protein, and 2 grams of fat. How many kcals are there in two cups of this cereal?

.
324 kcals

The process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid fat is called ________

hydrogenation

On average, an individual's BMR decreases approximately 3-5% per decade after they reach ________ years of age.

30

Which of the following hormones is NOT involved in maintaining blood glucose levels?

thyroxin

About 5 to ________ percent of our total energy output is attributable to the thermic effect of food.

10

Fatty-acid molecules provide much of the energy for

long-term activity such as walking

The primary determinant of basal metabolic rate is an individual's ________

lean body mass.

Which of the following statements is FALSE?

The body stores excess protein primarily for energy reserves

Sex hormones and adrenal hormones are substances derived from which class of lipid?

sterols

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set