Cold War

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Cold War (1945-1991)

Democracy (U.S) vs. Communism (USSR), nuclear capabilities

Yalta Conference

Big 3 (Churchill, Stalin & Roosevelt), Europe post-war, germany = 4 zones

Potsdam Conference

Harry Truman, Clement Attlee, Destruction weapons mentioned, marked tension

Tension mount

Eastern block = communism/cheka, satellite states

Truman Doctrine

Contain communism, free nations vs. totalitarian

Iron Curtain

Winston Churchill, famous speech

Marshall Plan

U.S = assistance to countries steering clear of communism, department of defense, CIA, national security council

Berlin Blockade

June 1948-May 1949, USSR blocks west access/control Berlin -> unsuccessful = embarrassed

Why was the Berlin blockade unsuccessful?

U.S and Great Britain flew in tons of food

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1 member attacked all involved, U.S relied on for weaponry

Warsaw Pact

20 years mutual defense agreement, more ground troops than NATO, Soviet Union + communist places

Chinese Civil War

Chinese nationalists vs. Chinese communists

Who was successful in the Chinese Civil War?

Chinese communists = people republic of China

Dictator Mao Zedong (China)

Restore order, eliminate corruption, communism party purges = 1 million killed

Korean War (1950-1953)

North invades South, armistice, Korean Demilitarized Zone

Who backs who in the Korean war?

U.S = South, USSR & PRC = North

Who succeeded the death of Stalin?

Nikita Khruschev (1953-1964)

Hungarian Revolt (1956)

Failed -> cheka -> cannot talk about it for 30 years

Berlin Wall erected (1961-1989)

"Brain drain" = smart people leaving (5,000 successful), no emigration to west (100-200 killed)

Vietnam War (1959-1975)

North vs. South, Vietnamization

Who backs who in the Vietnam war?

U.S = South, USSR & PRC = North

Detente (1970s)

Nixon & Brezhnew, "peaceful coexistence"

Cold war dies down

President Reagan, Mikhail Corbachev, peace?

Impacts

USSR back to Russia/severe depression in 1990s, economy slowly improves

Still communism today

Laos, China, Vietnam, North Korea and Cuba

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