How do you calculate the average systolic BP of a child 1-10 years old?
80 mmHg + (2X Years of age)
Example: 4 y/o
80+2(4)= 88 average systolic.
What Does APGAR Stand for?
Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration. A Perfect APGAR score is 10.
What is the McRobert Position?
A position where pregnant mothers who must wait to deliver due to turtle signs, must be put into. They lie on their backs with the knees drawn up as close to the body as possible.
What are the signs of compensated Shock in pediatric patients?
Weak Peripheral Pulses, and delayed cap refill (about 2-4 secs.)
What are signs of Decompensated shock in pediatric patients?
Absent peripheral pulses, and absent cap refill (more than 4 secs).
If a patient is found unconscious and there are no bystanders, what type of consent allows the patient to be treated?
What is involuntary consent?
When a patient does not wish to be transported, but is AMS. An incarcerated patient, or a mentally ill patient.
How does the blood flow from the body?
1. From the body through the veins - BLUE (dirty blood - de- oxygenated blood)
2. Enters through superior and inferior vena cava 3. Right Atrium 4. Through the Tricuspid Valve 5. Into Right Ventricle
6. Through Pulmonary Valve
7. Into Pulmonary Artery
8. Out to Lungs - changes to RED (clean blood - oxygenated blood)
9. Back to heart via Pulmonary Vein 10. Into Left Atrium 11. Through Bicuspid Valve 12. Into Left Ventricle
13. Through Aortic Valve 14. Into Aorta 15. Back to body via Arteries
The Autonomic Nervous system is divided into what?
The sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous system
The adrenal glands secret what?
Epinephrine (Adrenaline) and norepinephrine (To delay muscle fatigue).