EMT-B HOSA study set

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25 terms · Health Occupational Students of America, study cards for EMT B competition.

What is the largest indicator of early respiratory distress in pediatric patients?

Nasal flaring

What is the Heart rate/Respiratory rate of a newborn to 1 year?

140 Bpm and 40/minute

what is the heart/respiratory rate for a child 1-4 years?

120 Bpm and 30/minute

what is the heart/respiratory rate for a child 4-12 Years?

100 bpm and 20/minute

What is the systolic BP of a newborn?

60 mmHg

What is the systolic BP of a child 1 month to 1 year?

70 mmHg

How do you calculate the average systolic BP of a child 1-10 years old?

80 mmHg + (2X Years of age)

Example: 4 y/o
80+2(4)= 88 average systolic.

What is the average systolic BP of a child older than 10 years old?

90 mmHg

What Does APGAR Stand for?

Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration. A Perfect APGAR score is 10.

What is the McRobert Position?

A position where pregnant mothers who must wait to deliver due to turtle signs, must be put into. They lie on their backs with the knees drawn up as close to the body as possible.

How many liters of blood are in the average 3 year old?

about 3 lits.

What percent of oxygen is room air?

21%

What is "air" mostly composed of?

Nitrogen ( about 78%)

What are the signs of compensated Shock in pediatric patients?

Weak Peripheral Pulses, and delayed cap refill (about 2-4 secs.)

What are signs of Decompensated shock in pediatric patients?

Absent peripheral pulses, and absent cap refill (more than 4 secs).

If a patient is found unconscious and there are no bystanders, what type of consent allows the patient to be treated?

Implied consent

What is involuntary consent?

When a patient does not wish to be transported, but is AMS. An incarcerated patient, or a mentally ill patient.

What is the blood volume of a 3 year old?

about 2-3 lits.

What is the part of the blood that fights infection?

White blood cells

What is the part of the blood that clots?

Platelets

How does the blood flow from the body?

1. From the body through the veins - BLUE (dirty blood - de- oxygenated blood)
2. Enters through superior and inferior vena cava 3. Right Atrium 4. Through the Tricuspid Valve 5. Into Right Ventricle
6. Through Pulmonary Valve
7. Into Pulmonary Artery
8. Out to Lungs - changes to RED (clean blood - oxygenated blood)
9. Back to heart via Pulmonary Vein 10. Into Left Atrium 11. Through Bicuspid Valve 12. Into Left Ventricle
13. Through Aortic Valve 14. Into Aorta 15. Back to body via Arteries

The Autonomic Nervous system is divided into what?

The sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous system

The adrenal glands secret what?

Epinephrine (Adrenaline) and norepinephrine (To delay muscle fatigue).

The Glawsgo coma scale has the highest rating of how many points?

15

What are the 3 parts of the Glaswgo coma scale?

Eye opening response (Max 4 points), Verbal response (Max 5 points), and Motor response (Max 6 points)

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