FFA Vet Science CDE

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The four things that only a veterinarian may do are:
a. Prescribe medications
b. Perform surgery
c. Provide a diagnosis and a prognosis
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

The capillary refill time (CRT) for Buddy is 1 second. In the patient chart, the CDA records that the CRT for Buddy is:
a. Abnormally low
b. Normal
c. Abnormally high
d. Not enough information to record

b. Normal

When evaluating the integumentary system of Rowdy, a Palomino, the CVA would evaluate all the following areas except:
a. Skin and hide
b. Mucous membranes
c. Hooves
d. Hair

b. Mucous membranes

When an animal is presented with an abnormality cranial to a certain body structure, the word cranial means:
a. Toward the head
b. Toward the tail
c. Toward the nose
d. Closest to the midline

a. Toward the head

The feline's first line of defense is:
a. Its teeth
b. Its claws
c. Its tail
d. Its hind legs

b. Its claws

You are restraining a Besenji dog for cephalic venipuncture. When the person performing the injection has placed the needle and is ready to inject the drug, he says to you, "Okay." He is most likely asking you to:
a. Verbally indicate that he has made contact with the vein
b. Lift the thumb that is occluding the vein
c. Release the animal from restraint
d. Roll the vein in the opposite direction

b. Lift the thumb that is occluding the vein

Use the following scenario to answer the next two questions. An otherwise healthy veterinary technician, Anna, is bitten by a 2-year-old mixed-breed dog, "Tow Tow," while restraining him for a pedicure. The bite does not cause severe tissue damage, but the canine teeth penetrate her skin and she does bleed. Tow Tow is current on all of his vaccinations including rabies. He lives primarily in the backyard of his owner's suburban home. What is the best, first action Anna should take following the bite?
a. Ignore the bite until she has time to wash it, even though this may not be for a few hours. Once there is time, also inform the veterinarian or office manager.
b. Wash the wound immediately with soap and water, then with povidone-iodine, and follow with a thorough irrigation with water, then inform the veterinarian or office manager.
c. Wait until she gets home and clean the wound, without notifying the veterinarian because she fears she will be reprimanded.
d. Tell a coworker about it, but take no more action regaurding the incident.

b. Wash the wound immediately with soap and water, then with povidone-iodine, and follow with a thorough irrigation with water, then inform the veterinarian or office manager.

Anemia is:
a. The study of parasites.
b. A single celled animal.
c. A decrease in the number of red blood cells.
d. A disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans.

c. A decrease in the number of red blood cells.

Pericardium is:
a. The muscular layer of the heart wall.
b. The fibrous sac that encloses the heart.
c. A thin layer that lines the surface of the heart.
d. A thin layer that lines the inside of the heart.

b. The fibrous sac that encloses the heart.

A compound fracture is one in which:
a. The break is along the axis of a bone.
b. The bone shatters in the many pieces.
c. The break is on one side of the bone.
d. The bone breaks through the skin.

d. The bone breaks through the skin.

An orchiectomy:
a. Removal of the ovaries and uterus.
b. Removal of the testes.
c. An incision into the thorax.
d. Removal of a tumor.

b. Removal of the testes.

Microfilaria are:
a. The larval stage of the heartworm.
b. The segment of the tapeworm containing the male and female reproductive organs.
c. Microscopic single celled organisms.
d. None of the above.

a. The larval stage of the heartworm.

The abomasum is:
a.The first compartment of the ruminant stomach.
b.The second compartment of the ruminant stomach.
c.The third compartment of the ruminant stomach.
d.The fourth compartment of the ruminant stomach.

d. The fourth compartment of the ruminant stomach.

The function of the cecum is to:
a. Produce bile.
b. Aide in the digestion of fibrous materials.
c. Produce insulin.
d. None of the above.

b. Aide in the digestion of fibrous materials.

Carbohydrates contain or include:
a. Amino Acids
b. Simple Sugars
c. Lipids
d. None of the above

b. Simple Sugars

Which organization governs the use, storage and disposal of controlled substances?
a. EPA
b. DEA
c. OSHA
d. None of the above

b. DEA

Which zoonotic disease is fatal in humans?
a. Corona
b. Rabies
c. Parvovirus
d. Scabies

b. Rabies

Diseases that can be transmitted to humans are known as:
a. Contagious
b. Benign
c. Malignant
d. Zoonotic

d. Zoonotic

Which of the following diseases is not a disease that affects dogs?
a. Rabies
b. Distemper
c. Black Leg
d. Hepatitis

c. Black Leg

Which of the following substances is not considered a bio-hazardous substance?
a. Scalpel blade
b. Syringe
c. Microscope Slide
d. Needle

b. Syringe

Which of the following bedding materials is most commonly used in the small animal clinic?
a. Pine Shavings
b. Newspaper
c. Blankets and Towels
d. Straw

b. Newspaper

Which of the following needles has the smallest bore?
a. 16 gauge
b. 20 gauge
c. 21 gauge
d. 25 gauge

d. 25 gauge

Which of the following needles would most commonly be used for canine vaccinations?
a. 16 guage
b. 20 guage
c. 21 guage
d. 25 guage

c. 21 guage

Which of the following acronyms is used when administering medication twice a day?
a. TID
b. QID
c. BID
d. SID

c. BID

Which of the following animals would be classified as a Hound Breed?
a. Chihuahua
b. Dachshund
c. Cocker Spaniel
d. French Bulldog

b. Dachshund

Which of the following cattle breeds would be considered a dairy breed?
a. Shorthorn
b. Polled Hereford
c. Brown Swiss
d. Gelbvieh

c. Brown Swiss

Which of the following hazards is associated with radiography?
a. Hearing Loss
b. Burns or scalds
c. Cancer
d. None of the above.

c. Cancer

Determine the number of pounds in 10.5 kilograms.
a. 25.5
b. 24.6
c. 21.9
d. 23.1

d. 23.1

Which of the following parasites is considered an endoparasite?
a. Fleas
b. Ticks
c. Hookworms
d. Mites

c. Hookworms

Dystocia can be defined as:
a. The carrying of an embryo or fetus.
b. The process of giving birth.
c. Abnormal or difficult birth.
d. A birth in which the offspring enters the birth canal hind end first.

c. Abnormal or difficult birth.

Referring to the lower or bottom view:
a. Dorsal
b. Ventral
c. Cranial
d. Anterior

b. Ventral

Which of the following breeds of sheep is considered a fine wool breed?
a. Southdown
b. Suffolk
c. Hampshire
d. Rambouillet

d. Rambouillet

Kyra, a 7-year-old, F/S mixed breed dog (107 lbs) is presented to the clinic with signs of increases vocalization and urine leaking. She does not appear to be PU/PD (increased urination/increased drinking) or having accidents due to lack of training. She usually leaks urine after she has lain down (her bed is damp). The U/A (urinalysis) is WNL as the PE. Scout radiographs of the urinary bladder are unremarkable. Based on her history and pattern of urine leaking, the vet determines that she might have estrogen responsiveness incontinence. She is prescribed DES (diethylstilbestrol) at a dosage of 1 mg po sid for 3 days, followed by maintenance therapy of 1 mg po per week. DES comes in 1-mg and 5-mg tablets.

How many tablets does this dog receive for the first three days?
a. 5
b. 4
c. 3
d. 2

c. 3

Indicate the tablets/capsules prescribed for the following order:
Rx: Metrondazole tablets 250 mg
Sig: 1 tablet, P.O., BID x 10 days
a. 10 tablets
b. 20 tablets
c. 30 tablets
d. 40 tablets

b. 20 tablets

You regularly order six 10-ml vials per month of a drug that has a concentration of 50mg/ml. Now that same drug is only available in 20-ml vials of 10mg/ml. How many vials should you order this month?
a. 25 vials
b. 20 vials
c. 15 vials
d. 10 vials

c. 15 vials

The order is for 500 mg of amoxicillin, and tablets on hand are 250 mg. How many tablets will be administered?
a. 1 tablet
b. 2 tablets
c. 5 tablets
d. 6 tablets

b. 2 tablets

Indicate the minimum amount of tablets/capsules prescribed for the following order:
Rx: Ascriptin tablets
Sig: 1 tab P.O., BID x 14 days then 1 tab BID prn
a. 28 tablets
b. 24 tablets
c. 20 tablets
d. 16 tablets

a. 28 tablets

A 13-year-old M/N domestic short hair (DSH) named Buttons has a bite wound in the right side of the mandible. The owner does not know when the cat got the bite wound because Buttons is an outside cat. He has not been eating or drinking the past few days, is lethargic, and on PE has a T=103.5˚ >, HR= 180 bpm, and RR= 45 breaths/min. Other than the mandibular wound, he is healthy. He is current on vaccinations. The decision is made to sedate Buttons so that the wound can be clipped, cleaned, and debrided. You must calculate the dose of injectable anesthetic for Buttons, who weighs 12.5 lbs. The dosage of Ketamine is 22mg/kg IM. The concentration listed on the vial of ketamine is 100 mg/ml.
The animal's weight in kg is?
a. 2.4 kg
b. 5.7 kg
c. 7.1 kg
d. 9.9 kg

b. 5.7 kg

The order is 0.5 mg of Centrine, and 0.2 mg tablets are on hand. How many tablets will be administered?
a. 1.0 tablets
b. 1.5 tablets
c. 2.0 tablets
d. 2.5 tablets

d. 2.5 tablets

A cat in end-stage renal disease is receiving epoetin (2000 u/ml). The dose is 100 u/kg. Your patient weighs 5.5 lbs. How many units will you deliver?
a. 250
b. 500
c. 750
d. 1000

a. 250

Translate the following into percents: 1:100
a. .05%
b. .5%
c. 1%
d. 1.5%

c. 1%

1000mg = _____ g
a. .001
b. .01
c. 1
d. 10

c. 1

How many mgs of a drug should be given to a patient weighing 22lbs if the dose is 0.2 mg/kg?
a. 2 mg
b. 2.2 mg
c. 22 mg
d. 22.2 mg

a. 2 mg

Indicate the tablets/capsules prescribed for the following order:
Rx: Cephalexin capsules 250 mg
Sig: 2 cap P.O., STAT; then 1 cap P.O., BID x 14 days
a. 30 capsules
b. 40 capsules
c. 50 capsules
d. 60 capsules

a. 30 capsules

The veterinarian orders 4.4 mg/kg of carprofen for pain control divided into two equal daily doses for a 50-lb dog. On hand are 100-mg scored tablets. How many tablets is/are administered each morning and afternoon?
a. 5 tablets in the morning and 2 in the afternoon
b. 1 tablet in the morning and afternoon
c. .5 tablets in the morning and 1 in the afternoon
d. .5 tablets in the morning and afternoon

d. .5 tablets in the morning and afternoon

The level of fluid in the liter bags reads at the 700 mark. How much fluid has been given?
a. 700 L
b. 700 ml
c. 300 L
d. 300 ml

d. 300 ml

Fenbendazole (10% suspension) is an antiparasitic drug used in the treatment of whipworms, roundworms, hookworms, and some species of tapeworms. For dogs the dosage os 50 mg/kg po for 3 days.
How many mls would you give a dog that weighs 50 lbs?
a. 9.5 mls
b. 11.4 mls
c. 12.1 mls
d. 14.3 mls

b. 11.4 mls

Kyra, a 7-year-old, F/S mixed breed dog (107 lbs) is presented to the clinic with signs of increases vocalization and urine leaking. She does not appear to be PU/PD (increased urination/increased drinking) or having accidents due to lack of training. She usually leaks urine after she has lain down (her bed is damp). The U/A (urinalysis) is WNL as the PE. Scout radiographs of the urinary bladder are unremarkable. Based on her history and pattern of urine leaking, the vet determines that she might have estrogen responsiveness incontinence. She is prescribed DES (diethylstilbestrol) at a dosage of 1 mg po sid for 3 days, followed by maintenance therapy of 1 mg po per week. DES comes in 1-mg and 5-mg tablets.
How many mg does this dog receive for 3 weeks of treatment?
a. 3
b. 5
c. 7
d. 9

b. 5

"Max" needs 30 mg. Gentocin IV Gentocin comes in two different concentrations; 50 mg/ml or 100 mg/ml.
Using 50 mg/ml, How many ml would you draw up? AND
Using 100 mg/ml, how many ml would you draw up?
a. 0.6 ml and 0.3 ml
b. 6 ml and 3 ml
c. 0.3 ml and 0.6 ml
d. 3 ml and 6 ml

a. 0.6 ml and 0.3 ml

0.2 L = _____ ml
a. 2
b. 20
c. 200
d. 2000

c. 200

To prevent inhaling gas when you are monitoring anesthesia, it is best for you to stand:
a. Close to the patient's head.
b. Away from the patient's head.
c. Anywhere in the room.
d. Outside of the room.

b. Away from the patient's head.

When treating or assisting a doctor with an animal's abscess wound, it is important to:
a. Wear disposable gloves.
b. Disinfect the treatment counter thoroughly.
c. Wash and disinfect all instruments used.
d. All of the above.

d. All of the above.

If you are bitten, scratched or cut when working around animals, you should:
a. Wash thoruoghly with water and a disinfecting soap, then notify you supervisor.
b. Quickly rinse out the area.
c. Just wipe the blood off and bandage if needed.
d. None of the above.

a. Wash thoruoghly with water and a disinfecting soap, then notify you supervisor.

Rabies is transmitted through:
a. Blood from the affected animal.
b. Urine from the affected animal.
c. Feces from the affected animal.
d. Saliva from the affected animal.

d. Saliva from the affected animal.

Lyme disease is caused by a:
a. Bacteria
b. Virus
c. Parasite
d. Fungus

a. Bacteria

One of the fastest means of getting drugs in to the bloodstream is:
a. Orally
b. Intranasally
c. Topically
d. Intravenously

d. Intravenously

Nebulized is defined as:
a. Turned into a liquid.
b. Turned into a fine mist.
c. Turned into molecules
d. Turned into oxygen

b. Turned into a fine mist.

The Snap Canine Heartworm Test tests the blood for:
a. Adult heartworms
b. Antigen produced by female heartworms
c. Microfilaria
d. Female heartworms only

b. Antigen produced by female heartworms

When in the heart, heartworms congregate in the:
a. Right ventricle
b. Right atrium
c. Left ventricle
d. Left atrium

a. Right ventricle

The amount of fecal matter needed for a canine or feline fecal analysis is approximately:
a. The size of a baseball
b. The size of a golf ball
c. The size of a grapefruit
d. The size of a grape

d. The size of a grape

Which internal parasite is the most common in puppies and kittens?
a. Roundworm
b. Hookworm
c. Whipworm
d. Giardia

a. Roundworm

The roundworm is often described as looking like:
a. Rice
b. Spaghetti
c. Flakes
d. Leech

b. Spaghetti

Whipworm eggs look like a/an ___________ under a microscope.
a. Circle
b. Oval
c. Rectangle
d. Cone

b. Oval

What type of mite can cause a zoonotic disease?
a. Demodectic
b. Otodectes
c. Sarcoptic
d. All of the above

c. Sarcoptic

What is the vector for heartworms?
a. Tick
b. Lice
c. Flea
d. Mosquito

d. Mosquito

Ideally, a horse should be bedded on
a. Newspaper
b. Straw
c. Walnut shavings
d. Wood shavings

d. Wood shavings

Which of the following disinfectants is toxic to cats?
a. Phenols
b. Bleach
c. Quats
d. None of the above

a. Phenols

What is the common percentage of Brahman and British breeds in American cattle?
a. 3/5, 2/5 cross
b. 3/7, 4/7 cross
c. 1/3, 2/3 cross
d. 3/8, 5/8 cross

d. 3/8, 5/8 cross

Which of the following breeds of dairy cattle produce the most milk?
a. Jersey
b. Guernsey
c. Holstein
d. Brown Swiss

c. Holstein

The breed of swine that is characterized by being solid black with a white belt at the shoulder and small erect ears is:
a. Duroc
b. Spots
c. Hereford
d. Hampshire

d. Hampshire

The ___________ is white in color and has large drooping ears that cover most of its face.
a. Yorkshire
b. Chester White
c. American Landrace
d. Hereford

c. American Landrace

Which breed of swine is characterized by being black in color with four white feet and/or legs, short wrinkled snout, and medium erect ears?
a. Spots
b. Berkshire
c. Hereford
d. Hampshire

b. Berkshire

The ___________is characterized by a red with white face (not less than 2/3 red, exclusive of face and ears), with at least 2 white feet, long face/snout, and small to medium erect ears.
a. American Landrace
b. Hereford
c. Berkshire
d. Duroc

b. Hereford

An eight month old Chihuahua was stung by a wasp and had a fluctuation in its heart rate. What term describes its fluctuating heart rate?
a. Arrhythmia
b. Auscultation
c. Bradycardia
d. Tachypnea

a. Arrhythmia

Annie is helping to examine a patient. She is instructed to take the temperature, pulse and respiration, which is a crucial part of a physical exam. Which of the following factors does not affect TPR?
a. age
b. size
c. environmental temperature
d. breed

d. breed

Which of the following answers best completes this statement?
Temperature, pulse and respiration rates tend to _________ as size of the animal ____________.
a. increase, decreases
b. decreases, decreases
c. shallow, decreases
d. decreases slowly, decreases rapidly

a. increase, decreases

Sue is taking the temperature and pulse of Max, a medium sized dog. What should she expect the temperature and pulse rate to be? :
a. 100ºF and 100-145 beats/min.
b. 102ºF and 70-120 beats/min.
c. 100ºF and 70-120 beats/min.
d. 101ºF and 60-90 beats/min.

b. 102ºF and 70-120 beats/min.

Lauren is taking a patient history from Ms. Harper about her horse. Which is the most appropriate question for her to ask?
a. "Is your horse drinking a lot of water and eating okay?"
b. "How much water is it drinking and how much is it eating?"
c. "Is your horse able to exercise daily?"
d. "Is you horse drinking more water now than compared to a few months ago?"

b. "How much water is it drinking and how much is it eating?"

A vet diagnosed Bill's goat with dyspnea. What does this mean?
a. The lamb has normal breathing.
b. The lamb has abnormal heart sounds.
c. The lamb has difficulty breathing.
d. The lamb has bluish discoloring of its skin.

c. The lamb has difficulty breathing.

Jane is taking a dog's pulse. What is the name of the artery where she will do this?
a. Femoral artery
b. Brachiocephalic artery
c. Facial artery
d. Carotid Artery

a. Femoral artery

During an exam, Julie must take vital signs from an animal. Which of the following steps is the most correct procedure for her to take the rectal temperature?
a. Shake down thermometer, lubricate with petroleum jelly, gently insert and hold for 1 minute, remove and rotate to read.
b. Shake down thermometer, lubricate with petroleum jelly, gently insert and hold for 3 minutes, remove and rotate to read.
c. Wipe thermometer with alcohol, shake down thermometer, lubricate with petroleum jelly, gently insert and hold for 1 minute, remove and rotate to read.
d. Wipe thermometer with alcohol, shake down thermometer, lubricate with petroleum jelly, gently insert and hold for 3 minutes, remove and rotate to read.

b. Shake down thermometer, lubricate with petroleum jelly, gently insert and hold for 3 minutes, remove and rotate to read.

The average pulse (beats/min) and respiration (breaths/min) for a horse is
a. 40-60, 12-20
b. 60-70, 10-30
c. 30-60, 8-16
d. 60-90, 12-20

c. 30-60, 8-16

A stethoscope is a common piece of equipment used for clinical exams. The stethoscope is used to listen to the heart, lungs, and ___________________.
a. murmurs
b. gastrointestinal sounds
c. pre-natal sounds
d. water on the lungs

b. gastrointestinal sounds

The veterinarian is describing to Spike's owner how he'll be neutered. Neuter is defined as:
a. Having resistance to a disease
b. The common term for removal of male reproductive organs
c. Proteins produced by lymph system
d. Swelling and inflammation

b. The common term for removal of male reproductive organs

The veterinarian is explaining to Sally's owner how she will be spayed. Spay is defined as:
a. Substance that induces an immune response
b. Swelling and inflammation
c. The common term for removal of female reproductive organs
d. Allergic response

c. The common term for removal of female reproductive organs

If an animal was suffering from anaphylactic shock, it would be
a. An exaggerated allergic response
b. Proteins produced by lymph system
c. Minerals in the blood stream
d. Slippery white film

a. An exaggerated allergic response

An animal is being given a vaccine. Vaccine is defined as
a. A suspension of killed or modified microorganisms that stimulate an immune response when introduced into the body
b. Swelling and inflammation
c. More susceptible to disease
d. Having no resistance to disease

a. A suspension of killed or modified microorganisms that stimulate an immune response when introduced into the body

An animal is vaccinated for rabies. Rabies is caused by:
a. A rhabidovirus
b. Parvo virus
c. Bacteria
d. Fungus

a. A rhabidovirus

Lauren is bandaging Bruce, a four year old horse. Leg bandages on horses are started on the _______ part of the leg and wrapped toward the back.
a. Vertical
b. Horizontal
c. Lateral
d. Proximal

d. Proximal

The bellyband should _______ slightly as it is wrapped.
a. Overlap
b. Space out
c. Cut off circulation
d. Never touch

a. Overlap

Immunity is defined as:
a. Having resistance to a disease due to the formation of antibodies.
b. Slow and painful abscess
c. Rhabidovirus
d. Not being able to tolerate disease

a. Having resistance to a disease due to the formation of antibodies.

A kitten is suffering from FCV. Feline calicivirus is caused by:
a. RNA virus
b. Fungus
c. Bacteria
d. Does not exist

a. RNA virus

Feline viral rhinotracheitis symptoms include:
a. Sneezing, discharge from nose and eyes
b. Anorexia
c. Aggression
d. Licking of wound

a. Sneezing, discharge from nose and eyes

Leptospirosis is caused by:
a. Leptospira bacteria
b. DNA virus
c. Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria
d. None of the above

a. Leptospira bacteria

Symptoms of distemper include:
a. Lameness
b. Swollen joints
c. Aggression
d. Fever, vomiting, diarrhea, nasal secretions, and seizures

d. Fever, vomiting, diarrhea, nasal secretions, and seizures

Rabies is transmitted by:
a. Bite from a tick
b. Ingestion of fecal material from infected dog
c. Contamination of wound by saliva
d. Inhalation bacteria

c. Contamination of wound by saliva

Frank, a 60lb bulldog, needs to get 60 mg of Prednisone once every other day for 10 days. How many total milligrams of Prednisone does Frank need for 10 days?
a. 450 mg
b. 300 mg
c. 900 mg
d. 100 mg

b. 300 mg

In reference to the previous questions, how many tablets will be dispensed for the 10 days (Prednisone will come in 30 mg tablets)?
a. 10
b. 20
c. 90
d. 110

a. 10

Linda is going to perform a laboratory test. Where is it possible that she will be doing this?
a. Veterinary hospitals
b. Research facilities
c. Zoos
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

In preparation for her CVA test, Mary is studying systems of the body. Which of these is NOT included in the circulatory system?
a. Heart
b. Lymphatics
c. Blood Vessels
d. Blood

b. Lymphatics

If an animal has problems in the right side of the heart, what other problem will likely occur?
a. Ascites
b. Lung congestion
c. Nerve Degeneration
d. Osteoporosis

a. Ascites

Luke, a border collie, has a problem in the left side of the heart. What other problem will likely occur?
a. Ascites
b. Lung congestion
c. Nerve Degeneration
d. Osteoporosis

b. Lung congestion

Mary is also studying the physiology of the body systems. Which of these is a function of the circulatory system?
a. Respiration for the body
b. Urination of waste products
c. Transportation of nutrients, blood cells, gases, etc.
d. Protection of the body

c. Transportation of nutrients, blood cells, gases, etc.

Which of these is the correct flow of blood through the heart?
a. Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Pulmonary Arteries, Lungs, Pulmonary Veins, Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Aorta
b. Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Pulmonary Arteries, Lungs, Pulmonary Veins, Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Aorta
c. Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Pulmonary Veins, Lungs, Pulmonary Arteries, Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Aorta
d. Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Pulmonary Veins, Lungs, Pulmonary Arteries, Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Aorta

a. Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Pulmonary Arteries, Lungs, Pulmonary Veins, Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Aorta

What are the percentages of cells and plasma in blood?
a. 40% and 60%, respectively
b. 50% and 50%, respectively
c. 60% and 40%, respectively
d. 30% and 70%, respectively

a. 40% and 60%, respectively

Which of these is NOT part of the process of filtration of the blood through the urinary system?
a. Nephrons
b. Medulla
c. Vena Cava
d. Kidney

c. Vena Cava

While Linda was running a laboratory test, she evaluated total plasma protein, and noticed an elevated total plasma protein. This is a sign of
a. inflammation
b. infection
c. dehydration
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

In most species, what are the kidneys shaped like?
a. Pears
b. Circles
c. Clovers
d. Beans

d. Beans

Sammy is trying to run a urinalysis. He first has to obtain urine from the dog. How can he obtain urine from an animal?
a. Free Catch
b. Cystocentesis
c. Catheterization
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Sammy is trying to determine the specific gravity of urine. What tools can be used to accomplish this?
a. Refractometer
b. Urinometer
c. Reagent Strips
d. All of the above

d. All of the above

Sammy found a decreased specific gravity in the urine. This could indicate all of the following EXCEPT:
a. increased water intake
b. shock
c. chronic renal disease
d. other diseases

b. shock

If Sammy had noticed an increased specific gravity, it could indicate all of the following EXCEPT:
a. chronic renal disease
b. dehydration
c. decreased water intake
d. acute renal disease

a. chronic renal disease

Which of these is a chemical that Sammy would NOT have evaluated in urine?
a. Ketones
b. Glucose
c. Blood
d. Saline

d. Saline

Which of these cells would Sammy NOT expect to see in an examination of urine sediment?
a. Red blood cells
b. Viral cells
c. White blood cells
d. Epithelial cells

b. Viral cells

I live in a rural farming community where everyone owns some breed of dog. A few houses down from mine lives an Australian Cattle Dog (a.k.a. Blue Heeler) named Rigo. She is quite accustomed to guarding her territory against rodents, skunks, coyotes, and rabbits. Rigo was found with a half-eaten rabbit a few months ago and then gave birth to a litter of eight puppies a few weeks later. When they were old enough for their first set of vaccinations the veterinarian found that all the puppies were infested with hookworms. The veterinarian prescribed medication for all patients, including Rigo, and told my neighbor that they should be rechecked at their next visit.

Rigo's hookworm infection could have been caused by which of the following?
a. Direct - ingested larvae from the environment or contracted larvae through the skin
b. Indirect - the rabbit could have been infected
c. Rigo does not have a hookworm infestation
d. Both a and b

d. Both a and b

The puppies' infection could be best described as which type?
a. Direct
b. Indirect
c. Transmammary
d. Transplacental

c. Transmammary

If the rabbit was infected with hookworms what would be the term for this type of host?
a. Paratenic
b. Pest
c. Atypical
d. Infectious

a. Paratenic

Which of these is the scientific name for hookworm?
a. Ancylostoma caninum
b. Dipylidium caninum
c. Toxocara canis
d. None of the above

a. Ancylostoma caninum

James accidentally spilled bleach. In order to know the correct clean up procedure to take, he must check the MSDS. The acronym MSDS stands for:
a. Material Safety from Disease Sheet
b. Material Safety Data Sheet
c. Mechanical Safety Destruction Sheets
d. Mechanical Safety Data Sheet

b. Material Safety Data Sheet

A member of OSHA is doing a walkthrough of a veterinary clinic. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is housed in
a. The Department of Health
b. The Department of Finance
c. The Department of Security
d. The Department of Labor

d. The Department of Labor

Adam has just assisted in restraining a Lhasa Apso for am IM injection. The RVT that gave the injection must now dispose of the needle and syringe. Where must all needles and syringes be disposed of?
a. A bottle
b. A dumpster
c. A trashcan
d. A sharps container

d. A sharps container

When dealing with radioactive equipment, you should always wear:
a. lead gloves
b. lead apron
c. a dosimeter
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

If working in a veterinary clinic, you understand that the guidelines set forth by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration are based on the principle of
a. The Right to Know
b. The Basis of Knowledge
c. The Determination of Knowledge
d. The Right of the Knowledge of the Law

a. The Right to Know

People who work with animals on a daily basis are ____________ faced with potentially dangerous situations.
a. Never
b. Sometimes
c. Always
d. Rarely

c. Always

Which of the following is NOT a hazard that you would face while working in a veterinary clinic?
a. Physical hazards
b. Chemical hazards
c. Biological hazards
d. Psychological hazards

d. Psychological hazards

Which of these is NOT a disease-causing agent for zoonotic diseases?
a. Fungi
b. Biologics
c. Viruses
d. Parasites

b. Biologics

Ben may have been exposed to a bacterial zoonotic disease. Which of the following is NOT a zoonotic disease caused by bacteria?
a. Toxoplasmosis
b. Leptospirosis
c. Anthrax
d. Tuberculosis

a. Toxoplasmosis

Which drug schedule has no current accepted medical use?
a. Schedule I
b. Schedule II
c. Schedule III
d. Schedule IV

a. Schedule I

Cole has been asked to clean the front waiting area of the clinic. With regard to the types of sanitation, which of these best describes "cleaning"?
a. Physically removing all visible signs of dirt and organic matter such as feces, hair, etc.
b. Destroying most microorganisms on nonliving things by physical or chemical means.
c. Destroying all microorganisms and viruses on an object using chemicals and/or heat.
d. Solutions that destroy microorganisms or inhibit their growth on living tissue.

a. Physically removing all visible signs of dirt and organic matter such as feces, hair, etc.

When sanitizing, filtration is best described as:
a. Using a chemical with a mop or sponge.
b. Soaking items in a chemical disinfectant until they are used.
c. Incinerating an object or exposing them to a flame.
d. Removing particles from the air using a physical barrier.

d. Removing particles from the air using a physical barrier.

Dana has been asked to dispense a schedule drug as a pain killer for an animal that has had a hip replacement. According to the Controlled Substance Act, she must:
a. understand the schedules that drugs are placed in and why.
b. have an authorized person unlock the locked cabinet where the drugs are stored.
c. ensure that the name and amount of drug used is recorded in the daily log.
d. All of the above.

d. All of the above.

Sugar, a small dog, has come into a veterinary clinic with sarcoptic mange. To prevent the spread of this and other zoonotic diseases, you need to:
a. dispose of waste in a proper manner
b. isolate infected animals
c. wash hands often
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

Evan is creating a poster over biohazards for his Veterinary Technology class. Which of these is NOT an example of a biohazard and therefore should not be included in his poster?
a. Needles
b. Materials soaked with bodily fluids
c. Bandage material
d. None of the above

d. None of the above

Fran is doing research on pathogens. A pathogen is:
a. A microorganism that produces disease.
b. Disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans.
c. Precautions taken to prevent contamination of a surgical wound.
d. Refers to the back.

a. A microorganism that produces disease.

A veterinarian has diagnosed an animal with typhus, which is a zoonotic disease. Zoonotic means:
a. Disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans.
b. Precautions taken to prevent contamination of a surgical wound.
c. Refers to the back.
d. A device that measures the amount of radiation someone is exposed to when performing radiology.

a. Disease that can be transmitted between animals and humans.

Proper PPE sometimes includes a dosimeter. This is:
a. A device that measures the amount of radiation someone is exposed to when performing radiology.
b. Lead gloves
c. A device that keeps animals from biting you.
d. Something that covers your face while working with animals.

a. A device that measures the amount of radiation someone is exposed to when performing radiology.

Aseptic technique is
a. Precautions taken to prevent contamination of a surgical wound.
b. Cleaning surfaces with bleach
c. Swabbing for a bacteria culture
d. A chemical agent that kills of prevents to growth of microorganisms

a. Precautions taken to prevent contamination of a surgical wound.

While cleaning an exam room, Abby uses a disinfectant. This is:
a. A chemical agent that kills, or inhibits the growth of microorganisms on inanimate objects.
b. a washcloth and hot water
c. something that contaminates surfaces
d. a chemical agent that allows that growth of microorganisms on inanimate objects

a. A chemical agent that kills, or inhibits the growth of microorganisms on inanimate objects.

An animal has a superficial wound. Superficial means:
a. Near the surface, also called external.
b. deep laceration
c. a wound that is on the extremities of an animal
d. on an organ.

a. Near the surface, also called external.

Most surgical instruments are manufactured from __________________________.
a. Aluminum
b. Copper
c. Lead
d. Stainless steel

d. Stainless steel

The operating room should be cleaned _____________________.
a. Daily
b. Weekly
c. Bi-weekly
d. Monthly

a. Daily

Which of the following would be considered a brachycephalic breed?
a. Labrador Retriever
b. Dachshund
c. Shih Tzu
d. Border Collie

c. Shih Tzu

When a patient is having an ovariohysterectomy performed, the patient is placed in ____________ recumbency.
a. Lateral
b. Dorsal
c. Ventral
d. Sternal

b. Dorsal

After autoclaving a surgical pack, you notice that the autoclave tape looks the same as it did when you placed it in the autoclave. What should you do now?
a. Place the pack with the others - there is no reason to be concerned about the sterility of the instruments.
b. Open the pack to check the instruments for sterility. If they look clean, they can be used.
c. Just hide the pack so you do not get in trouble for it not being sterilized.
d. Place the pack to the side and do not allow it to be used because the sterility of the pack is questionable.

d. Place the pack to the side and do not allow it to be used because the sterility of the pack is questionable.

A person who cares for equine feet including trimming and shoeing is called a/an
a. equestrian
b. farrier
c. hobble
d. quittor

b. farrier

The amount of food provided to livestock in a 24-hour period is its
a. graze
b. ration
c. roughage
d. silage

b. ration

Examination by tapping the surface to determine density of a body area is called
a. palpation
b. ausculatation
c. percussion
d. tapping

c. percussion

The percentage of RBCs in blood is called a
a. hematocrit
b. PCV
c. crit
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

A machine that spins samples very rapidly to separate elements based on weight is a
a. counter
b. centrifuge
c. refractometer
d. cannula

b. centrifuge

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