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Workbook Sections C & D

Ohio Gang

Poker-playing cronies from Harding's native state who contributed to the morally loose atmosphere in his administration

Adkins vs. Children's Hospital

Supreme Court ruling that removed workplace protection and invalidated a minimum wage for women

American Legion

WWI veterans' group that promoted patriotism and economic benefits for former servicemen

Five Power Naval Treaty

Agreement emerging from the Washington Disarmament Conference that reduced naval strength and established a ratio of warships among the major ship-building powers

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Toothless international agreement of 1928 that pledged nations to outlaw war

Teapot Dome

Naval oil reserve in Wyoming that gave its name to one of the major Harding administration scandals

McNary-Haugen Bill

Farm proposal of the 1920s, passed by Congress but vetoed by president Coolidge, that provided for the federal government to buy farm surpluses and sell them abroad

Dawes Plan of 1924

American-sponsored arrangement for rescheduling German reparations payments that only temporarily eased the international debt tangle of the 1920s

Hoovercrats

Southern Democrats who turned against their party's "wet" Catholic nominee and voted for the Republican in 1928

Harley-Smoot Tariff

Sky-high tariff bill of 1930 that deepened the depression and caused international financial chaos

Black Tuesday

The climactic day of the October 1929 Wall Street stock-market crash

Hoovervilles

Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress

Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)

Hoover-sponsored federal agency that provided loans to hard-pressed banks and businesses after 1932

Bonus Army

Encampment of unemployed veterans who were driven out of Washington by General Douglas MacArthur's forces in 1932

Manchuria

The Chinese province invaded and overrun by the Japanese army in 1932

Warren G. Harding

Weak-willed president whose easygoing ways opened the door to widespread corruption in his administration

Charles Evans Hughes

Strong-minded leader of Harding's cabinet and initiator of major naval agreements

Andrew Mellon

Wealthy industrialist and conservative secretary of the treasury in the 1920s

Henry (Harry F.) Sinclair

Wealthy oilman who bribed cabinet officials in the Teapot Dome scandal

John Davis

Weak, compromise Democratic candidate in 1924

Albert B. Fall

Harding's interior secretary, convicted of taking bribes for leases on federal oil reserves in the Teapot Dome scandal

Harry Daugherty

U.S. attorney general and a member of Harding's corrupt "Ohio Gang" who was forced to resign in administration scandals

Calvin Coolidge

Tight-lipped Vermonter who promoted frugality and pro-business policies during his presidency

Robert La Follette

Leader of a liberal third-party (Progressive Party) insurgency who attracted little support outside the farm belt and his home state

Herbert Hoover

Secretary of commerce through much of the 1920s whose reputation for economic genius became a casualty of the Great Depression

Al Smith

The "Happy Warrior" who attracted votes in the cities but lost them in the South (because he was Catholic and against prohibition)

Black Tuesday

The worst single event of the great stock market crash of 1929

Hawley-Smoot Bill

Extremely high tariff act that killed international trade and deepened the Great Depression

Douglas MacArthur

Commander of the troops who forcefully ousted the "army" of unemployed veterans from Washington in 1932

Henry Stimson

Hoover's secretary of state, who sought sanctions against Japan for its aggression in Manchuria

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