fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majority's view be respected; provisions designed to limit majority rule
Checks and balances
each branch of government can limit the power of the other two branches
All power is invested in a central government
system of government in which power is divided by a written constitution between a central government
powers specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution.
powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated in the Constitution
powers not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states. Reserved powers are held by the states through the 10th Amendment
situations in which the national and state governments work together to complete projects. Also called the fiscal federalism
funds provided for a specific and clearly defined purpose
funds granted to the states for a broadly defined purpose. Because block grants shift resources from the federal government to the states
rules telling states what they must do to comply with federal guidelines
a movement to transfer the responsibilities of governing from the federal government to state and local governments.