chapter 15 psychology

30 terms by UTMBARRELRACER 

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psychotherapy

treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

psychoanalysis

Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patients' free associations, resistances, dreams, and transference - and the therapist's interpretations of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.

resistance

is psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

interpretation

in psychoanalysis, the analysts' noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

transference

in psychoanalysis, the patient's the patients' transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent)

psychodynamic therapy

therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individual's are responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight

insight therapies

a variety a therapies which aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses

client-centered therapy

a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate client's growth. ("person- centered therapy")

active listening

empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. a feature of Carl Roger's client-centered therapy

unconditional positive regard

a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Roger's believed to be conducive to developing self-awareness and self-acceptance

behavior therapy

therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

counterconditioning

a behavior therapy procedure that used classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors

virtual reality exposure therapy

an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.

aversive conditioning

a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking)

token economy

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

cognitive therapy

therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene btw events and our emotional rxns.

family therapy

therapy that treats the family as a system. views an individuals unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members.

cognitive behavior therapy

a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy

regression toward the mean

the tendency for extremes of unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average

meta-analysis

a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

biomedical therapy

prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system

psychopharmocology

the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

antipyschotic drugs

drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder

tardive dyskinesia

involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs.a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic durgs that target certain dopamine receptors

antianxiety drugs

drugs used to control anxiety and agitation

antidepressant drugs

drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly prescribed for anxiety.

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.

psychosurgery

surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

lobotomy

a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to clam uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. the procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.

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