The Urinary system test 4 part 2

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The Urinary system, Each kidney contains over how much tiny blood-processing units called nephrons?

1 million

The Urinary system, Each kidney contains over 1 million tiny blood-processing units called what?

nephrons

The Urinary system, Each kidney contains over 1 million tiny blood-processing units called nephrons, which carry out the processes that form what?

urine

The Urinary system, What is each nephron consists of?

a glomerulus

The Urinary system, Each nephron consists of a glomerulus, a tuft of capillaries associated with a renal tubule, called what?

the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule is blind, enlarged and cup-shaped and completely Surrounds the glomerulus

The Urinary system, Each nephron consists of a glomerulus, a tuft of capillaries associated with a renal tubule, called the glomerular (Bowman's) capsule is what?

blind, enlarged and cup-shaped and completely Surrounds the glomerulus

The Urinary system, what is the name of the glomerular capsule and the enclosed glomerulus

the renal corpuscle

The Urinary system, is the structural and functional units of the kidneys.

The nephron

The Urinary system, The nephron is the structural and functional units of the what?

kidneys

what The collecting ducts receive?

receive urine from many nephrons

what the collecting ducts help concentrate?

help concentrate urine

what the collecting ducts form?

They form the medullary pyramids

The Urinary system, They form the medullary pyramids

collecting ducts

what is the Functions of the nephron include ?

filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion. Via these functional processes, the kidneys eliminate nitrogenous metabolic wastes, and regulate the volume, composition, and pH of the blood.

The Urinary system, Via these functional processes, the kidneys eliminate nitrogenous metabolic wastes, and regulate the volume, composition, and pH of the blood.

nephron

The Urinary system, filtration , tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion. Via these functional processes, the kidneys eliminate nitrogenous metabolic wastes, and regulate the volume, composition, and pH of the blood.

nephron

in The Urinary system, what is The proximal tubule cells are most active in?

in reabsorption

in The Urinary system, how many % of water

65%

in The Urinary system, are reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubules

sodium ions, and the bulk of actively transported ions

in The Urinary system, ions, and the bulk of actively transported ions are what?

reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubules.

in The Urinary system, Certain substances (creatinine, drug metabolites,) are not reabsorbed or are reabsorbed incompletely because of what?

of the lack of carriers, their size, or nonlipid solubility.

in The Urinary system, are not reabsorbed or are reabsorbed incompletely because of the lack of carriers, their size, or nonlipid solubility.

Certain substances (creatinine, drug metabolites,)

in The Urinary system,Tubular secretion is a means of what?

adding substances to the filtrate (from the blood or tubule cells).

in The Urinary system, It is an active process that is important in eliminating drugs, urea, and excess ions

Tubular secretion

in The Urinary system, excess ions and in maintaining the acid-base balance of the blood.

Tubular secretion

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