A period that lasted from about 500 to about 1500.
A period of time that falls between ancient times and modern times.
Another name for the Middle Ages.
Christianity in the Middle Ages
Many kingdoms were not Christian; Christianity was only common in places that were part of the Roman Empire, such as Italy and Spain, but Christianity spread north.
Missionaries and Monks
Two Christian groups where were responsible for the spread of Christianity in the north.
People sent by the Pope to teach people about Christianity and to try to convert others to Christianity, traveling great distances.
One of the first places where the popes sent missionaries, traveling all over the land.
Missionary not sent by the pope, who took it upon himself to teach about Christianity; in the mid 400s, he traveled to Britain and Ireland. He traveled alone.
Religious men who livbed apart from society in isolated communities, spending their time in prayer, work and meditation.
communities of monks were built all over Europe in the Middle Ages.
Life in Monasteries
Strictly organized lifestyle that the Monks follwed which were intended to help them live as good Christians. Rules included the day-to-day affairs, how to dress and what to eat.
Italian monk who created a set of rules followed by most European monasteries.
Benedict's code of rules and those following were called Benedictine Monks.
Religious order of men who lived apart from society, but had big influence; provided services in and out of monasteries, helping with healthcare, running schools, copying books for those who couldn't read or write; collected and saved ancient writings; served as scribed and advisors to locak rulers.
Powerful group who conquered Gaul, now France.
The leader of the Franks who was Christian and created one of the strongest kingdoms in Europe.
Brilliant warrior and strong king who led the Franks in building a huge empire.
Christian king who was crowned Emporer of the Romans by Pope Leo III because he had conquered part of the former Roman Empire.
King who invaded and conquered many neighboring kingdoms and his empire included all of what is now France; it also stretched into modern Germany, Austria, Italy and northern Spain.
King who built schools across Europe, brought scholars to teach at Aachen, now in western Germany.
Fierce warriors who attacked and destroyed many places in the east.
Most frightening invaders of all who came from Scandinavia who raided Britain, Ireland, looting towns and monasteries, took prisoners to sell into slavery; attacks were swift and savage.
King who united many of the tribes of central and western Europe into a single empire, by linking them by their common bond of Christianity.