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The Mughal ruler who constructed the Taj Mahal was

Shah Jahan

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires were all

Islamic.

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires all originally came from

nomadic, Turkish-speaking tribes.

The founder of the Ottoman dynasty was

Osman Bey.

The word ghazi refers to

Muslim religious warriors.

What did the poet Ahmadi indicate was "the instrument of the religion of Allah"?

ghazi

Which of the following empires was inspired by its status as an Islamic outpost on the border of the Christian world?

Ottoman

The Ottoman institution that provided Balkan slaves for the formation of the Janissaries was the

devshirme.

The Ottoman ruler who captured Constantinople was

Mehmed II.

The Ottoman ruler Selim the Grim captured

Egypt and Syria

Suleyman the Magnificent won his greatest victory and killed the king of Hungary at the battle of

Mohács.

Khayr al-Din Barbarossa Pasha was

the admiral who carried Ottoman naval power into the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean

The diplomat Ogier Ghislain de Busbecq wrote with both admiration and fear of the

Ottomans.

The Islamic leader who converted to Twelver Shiism was

Shah Ismail.

Central to the belief of Twelver Shiism was the idea that

the twelfth infallible imam was still alive and would return to spread his faith.

The Safavids traced their ancestry back to the leader Safi al-Din, who was what religion?

Sufi

Shah Ismail received the greatest support for his conversion to Twelver Shiism from

the qizilbash.

At the battle of Chaldiran in 1514,

the Ottomans defeated the Safavids

The leader of the Safavid empire at its peak was

Shah Abbas

Zahir al-Din Muhammad's main inspiration for conquering India was

o win fame and conquer territory like his ancestor Chinggis Khan

The founder of the Mughal dynasty, and a descendant of Chinggis Khan and Tamerlane, was

Zahir al-Din Muhammad.

Which of the following rulers displayed the greatest amount of religious toleration?

Akbar

Akbar's answer to the religious diversity and tension of India was to

create a syncretic religion called the "divine faith" that all could worship.

The Mughal empire reached its greatest geographic extent during the reign of

Aurangzeb.

The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb

reversed the religious toleration of Akbar and began to tax the Hindus.

The Ottomans referred to Suleyman as the "Kanuni" or

"Lawgiver."

The steppe tradition that caused the greatest problem for the Islamic empires

was the bloody competition among heirs to the throne.

Hurrem Sultana was

a concubine who had tremendous influence over Suleyman the Magnificent

ecause of protests from moralists, the Ottoman sultan Murad IV

outlawed coffee and tobacco

In the three hundred years after 1500, the population of India grew from 105 million to

190 million.

To create a favorable environment for trade, Shah Abbas allowed Christian monastic orders to set up missions in what city?

Isfahan

The Christian center of India was

Goa.

Sikhism was a syncretic combination of

Hinduism and Islam

In the Islamic world, the dhimmi were

non-Muslims who received the status of a protected people.

The jizya was the tax paid by

non-Muslims for being in an Islamic country

The Islamic leader who abolished the jizya was

Akbar.

Suleyman the Magnificent called on Sinan Pasha to

create the religious complex known as the Suleymaniye.

The Ottomans took the Byzantine cathedral Hagia Sofia and

converted it into the mosque of Aya Sofya.

What Islamic city was considered "half the world"?

Isfahan

Fatehpur Sikri was

the capital city that Akbar built.

Shah Jahan was unable to finish the construction of the Taj Mahal because

he was overthrown by his son Aurangzeb

Which of the following factors was not one of the reasons for the decline of the Islamic empires?

a collapse in the centuries-old civil service examination system

Akbar's tolerant religious policies were criticized by the conservative religious leader

Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi.

Piri Reis was responsible for

preparing the Book of Seafaring.

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