Blood, Lymph, Immune System 9

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Von Willebrand Factor

Abnormal sticky protein that lines the blood vessels causing clot formation

Systemic Lupus Eryhematosus

Disorder associated with a "butterfly rash" on the nose and cheeks. This butterfly rash appears in about 50% of people

Aplastic Anemia

Caused by bone marrow failure

Hemophiliah

Herditary disorder that involves impairment of the blood-clotting mechanism. Also called bleeders disease.

Sensitization

initial exposure to an allergen

Initial exposure to an allergen.

Petechiae

Pinpoint hemmorrhages that appear on the lower leg, usually associated with decreased platelets.

Hepatomegaly(enlargement of the liver and Splenomegaly(enlargement of the spleen)

Complications of infectious mononucleosis.

Pruritis

Extreme itching.

Hypoproteinemia

Major cause of edema.

Hematoma

Mass of extravasated, usually clotted blood found in tissues or organs

Exacerbation

Flare up of an autoimmune disease

Splenitis

Inflammation of the spleen

Sickle Cell Anemia

Type of anemia that involves severe pain caused by crescent-shaped RBCs that are unable to pass through blood vessels

Anaphyylaxis

Life-threatening allergic reaction

Anemia

Condition where the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood is deficient

Antinuclear Antibody

Lab test that identifies antibodies that attack the individual's own body cells

Immunocompetent

the ability to develop an immune response

Thymectomy

Excision of the thymus

Adenopathy

Disease of a gland

Multiple Myeloma

Malignant tumor of plasma cells in bone marrow

Blood Culture

Determines the presence of pathogens in the blood

Bone Marrow MRI

Sensitive imaging procedure that detects abnormalities in bone marrow, especially in multiple myeloma

Partial Thromboplastin Time

used to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors, also called pro time

Phlebotomy

Incision of a vein

Homologous

Type of bone marrow transplant that is prepared from a compatible donor

Immunotherapy

Form of treatment that alters or enhances the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat diseases

Prothrombin Time

Measures the time it takes for plasma to form a clot

Autologous

Type of transplant that is prepared from the recipient's own bone marrow

Bone Marrow Aspiration

used to identify blood disorders such as leukemia

Radical Lymphadenectomy

Used to identify blood disorders such as leukemia

Poikil/o

Varied; irregualr

Sider/o

Iron

Blast/o

Embryonic cell

Xen/o

Foreign, strange

Neutr/o

Neutral, neither

-Phylaxis

Protection

-Phil

Attraction for

-Penia

Decrease, deficiency

-Phoresis

Carrying, transmission

EBV

Epstein-Barr virus, also associated with Mono

MNL

Mononuclear leukocytes

SLE

Systemic lupus erythematosus

PT

Prothrmbin time, physical therapy

Thrombolytics

Drugs that dissolve blood clots

Antimicrobials

Prophylactic treatment in HIV patients to prevent development of Pneumocystitis pneumonia

Antifibrinolytics

Drugs used to treat patients with hemophilia following certain surgeries and dental procedures

Antivirals

Drugs used to treat HIV infection by preventing the replication of viruses

Sentinel Node

Node that first receiver drainage from a cancer-containing area

Cytokines

Chemical messengers that initiate, inhibit, increase, or decrease activity in other cells

Bone Marrow Aspiration

Removal of a small sample of bone marrow using a thin aspirating needle (usually from the pelvis) for microscopic examination

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, kidneys, and joints and causes chronic inflammation; also called discoid lupus if symptoms are limited to the skin.

Hematoma

Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel

-Stasis

Standing still

Splen/o

Spleen

Immun/o

Immune, immunity, safe

Aden/o

Gland

Immune

The ability to fight infection in our bodies

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