← Unit Fourteen Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Bay of Pigs
- United Nations
- Kellogg Briand Pact
- Manhattan Project
- Korean War
- a an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
- b In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
- c renounced war as an instrument of national policy
- d code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
- e The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.
- Fascist dictator of Italy in WW II. He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.
- Dividing line between North and South Korea
- The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
- Federal program established by JFK administration to send volunteers to help developing nations
5 True/False Questions
Suez Crisis → An attack on Egypt by Israel, Britain, and France after Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.
Berlin Wall → In 1961, the Soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin in order to stop the flow of refugees out of the Soviet zone of Germany. The wall was torn down in 1989.
Tet Offensive → Attack By North Vietnamese and Vietcong Troops Against South Vietnam During The Vietnam War- led to growing anti-war sentiment in the U.S.
Gulf of Tonkin Incident → Meeting among leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union in 1945; agreed to Soviet entry into the Pacific war in return for possessions in Manchuria, organization of the United Nations; disputed the division of political organization in the eastern European states to be reestablished after the war.
Tehran Conference → First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war