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The Marshall Plan intended to

help Europe's economic recovery.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

-alliance formed in 1949 by the United States, Western European nations and other countries to help defend each other in case of attack.

Warsaw Pact

-military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and other Eastern European communist countries.

What is the Truman Doctrine?

-the Truman Doctrine, the U.S. planned to stop the spread of communism to new nations.

How did the West view the Soviet policy on Eastern European nations?

-Because of the Soviet Union's actions in Eastern Europe, the West believed that the Soviets intended to spread communism westward across Europe.

The U.S. policy _____ of meant that the U.S. would not interfere with nations that already had communist government.

-containment

The Marshall Plan, a plan to rebuild Europe, was seen by Stalin as a means to control Europe through western _______.

-capitalism

After the blockade and airlift to this city, Germany was officially split into two, one democratic ( the West) and one communist( a puppet government of Moscow). Where did this separation occur?

-Berlin

The Berlin Airlift took place after the ____ blockaded part of Berlin.

-Soviet Union

What effect did the division of Berlin have?

-The division of Berlin inspired the division of Germany

What are NATO and the Warsaw Pact?

-NATO is a mutual defense agreement formed by Western nations, and the Warsaw Pact is the retaliatory defense agreement of Eastern bloc nations.

How did the Truman Doctrine relate to the U.S. policy of containment?

-Containment stated that the U.S. would not interfere with already communist countries, but that it would prevent the spread of communism to new countries.

Yugoslavia was expelled from Cominform because it wanted to

-resist Soviet domination.

The Warsaw Pact was

-the Eastern bloc mutual defense agreement.

The Truman Doctrine stated that the United States

-should stop the spread of communism.

NATO provided an economic boost to Europe by eliminating tariffs between member nations.

-False

McCarthy ruined many lives and careers as he led a witch hunt for __________.

-Communists

Marshall Plan

-Western postwar recovery plan

Warsaw Pact

-Eastern mutual defense agreement

Berlin Wall

-divided East and West germany

The Cold War earned its name because

-it described the cooling of relations between West and East

The Berlin Airlift was a reaction to

-the Soviet blockade of West Berlin.

Containment was a policy in which the U.S. tried to do what?

-It would not interfere with already communist countries, but it would prevent the spread of it to new countries.

Which of these is a mutual defense agreement formed by Western nations during the beginning of the Cold War?

-NATO

Which of the following were able to remain independent in European affairs?

-France

France maintained a(n) _________________ position in European affairs.

-independent

Germany was successful in recovery after the war, in large part, because it became

-democratic.

Which of the following best describes the economies of Eastern and Western European countries after the war?

-Eastern European countries did not recover as well as Western European countries.

Hungary's uprising against Soviet domination failed.

-true

Postwar West Germany became

-democratic.

NATO

-military treaty signed in 1949 by 12 western nations

Which body of the UN probably knows the most about the work of all UN agencies?

-The Secretariat would probably know the most about the work of UN agencies.

West Germany's recovery was spurred by its acceptance of a _______ economy.

-free market

How did postwar Eastern Europe compare with Western Europe? Why?

-The economies of Eastern European countries recovered, but they did not reach the level of prosperity achieved in Western European countries. Collectivization and too much emphasis on heavy industry slowed the economies.

What problems did Great Britain's postwar economy have?

-It slowed down considerably, due to outdated equipment, loss of valuable personnel, loss of colonies, and decrease in coal consumption.

What effect did Nikita Khrushchev have on the Soviet Union?

-He denounced Stalinist repression and loosened some restrictions.

As a _________, Great Britain offered free medical care to all citizens.

-welfare state

What effect did Eastern European refugees have on postwar West Germany?

-Refugees were an important part of the labor force that helped West Germany's economy recover.

The ____ was intended to improve trade by eliminating tariffs

-Common Market

Compare and contrast the postwar recoveries of West Germany and Great Britain.

-West Germany went to a free market economy after the war, but Great Britain decided to nationalize some important industries. The free market decision allowed the Germans to build up quickly in a competitive way, while not forcing the government to prop up industries. ;

The British were met with __________________ in stimulating economic growth.

-mixed success

The European Community was formed to resolve differences between nations and prevent wars.

-false

As a welfare state, Great Britain

-provided social welfare for its citizens.

European Community

-multinational trade group

The European Economic Community agreed to

-eliminate tariffs between member nations.

As Soviet leader, Khrushchev

-As Soviet leader, Khrushchev

Hungary's uprising against Soviet domination failed.

-True

Group formed to promote democracy, economic cooperation, and human rights in Latin America and the United States

-organization of America States

Program by which Latin American governments introduced reforms in exchange for U.S. loans and investments

-Alliance for Progress

The Bay of Pigs disaster refers to a plot, supported by the United States, to invade

-Cuba

The United States and the Soviet Union came to the brink of nuclear war in 1962 over Soviet missile bases in

-Cuba

Which of the following issues in Brazil provoked conflict between economic development and environmental protection?

-Destruction of the rain forest

The Bay of Pigs disaster hurt the reputation of

-the U.S.

Which countries came to the brink of nuclear war over missile bases in Cuba?

-The United States and Soviet Union

As president of the Fifth Republic, Charles de Gaulle

-freed Algeria.

Country the Sandinistas set out to reform

-Nicaragua

Homeland of Oscar Romero, who worked for human rights

-El Salvador

President of Haiti who was forced into exile

-Jean-Bertrand Aristride

Mexico City is an unlikely city to be the world's largest because it is 7,400 feet above sea level, ringed by mountains and volcanoes and in an earthquake zone.

-True

People have moved to Mexico City, since the 1940's, because it provided all of the following, except

-security.

The poorest country in the western hemisphere is

-Haiti

Which of the following did not occur after the demonstrations at Tiananmen Square?

-China's economy began to shrink

Red Guards were made up mostly of _____________.

-students at the universities

The Great Leap Forward resulted in

-d.all of the above. (decreased industrial output; famine; food shortages.)

Peasant cooperatives

-ejidos

After Mao's death, China began to move toward a more open, market economy.

-True

Great Leap Forward

-China's disastrous second five-year plan begun in 1958 that forced collectivization of agriculture and rapid industrialization.

What was the Gang of Four?

-The Gang of Four was a radical group led by Madame Mao. After Chairman Mao's death, the Gang of Four opposed moderate reforms and tried to carry on the cultural revolution.

What is the importance of the American flag in this cartoon?

-It is included as a symbol of democracy.

Mao's ______ resulted in decreased industrial output and food shortages.

-Great Leap Forward

What effect did Tiananmen Square Massacre have on China and the world?

-The massacre had a negative effect on China's economy. Because of bad publicity relating to the event, many nations cut off aid and relations, and tourism declined.

All of the following are true of the Tianamen Square Massacre in China EXCEPT

-The massacre began because of a violent outburst by protesters toward passersby that supported the current government.

What was the effect of the Great Leap Forward?

-Industrial output decreased, and food shortages led to famine.

As people's standard of living in China began to improve under Deng Xioping, they wanted more

-freedom

The Red Guards fought to preserve

-Communism.

Communism.

-North Korean Leader

The Korean War ended with

-the same borders as before the war.

Mao Zedong's Great Leap Forward included

-larger collective farms.

Brezhnev Doctrine

-Soviet promise to crush anticommunists movements

Lech Walesa

-polish labor leader

The "Velvet Revolution" took place in

-Czechoslovakia.

Under the leadership of Brezhnev, the Soviet Union

-invaded Afghanistan.

Gorbachev's reforms included introducing a plan for a transition to a mixed economy.

-true

After the breakup of the Soviet Union many former Soviet nations came together and organized _______________.

-After the breakup of the Soviet Union many former Soviet nations came together and organized _______________.

In the 1980's, which countries were entrenched with civil war?

-In the 1980's, which countries were entrenched with civil war?

Why does the control of the illegal drug trade require cooperation among the United States and Latin American governments?

-Latin American governments must stop the supply of drugs being produced in their countries. The United States government must try to end the demand for drugs in its country.

According to the author, why is Mexico City an impractical setting for the world's largest city?

-It is 7,400 feet above sea level; ringed by mountains and volcanoes, in an earthquake zone; far from supplies of food, water, and energy; and short of oxygen.

How did uneven distribution of wealth contribute to unrest in Latin American countries?

-A wealthy few controlled land, mines, businesses, and factories. They opposed reforms that threatened their power. Most of the population lived in poverty.

NAFTA was signed by all of the following countries, except

-Cuba.

To which positive aspects of Mexico City does the author refer?

-The writer refers to the city's character, charm, hospitality, energy, and spirit.

In Latin American countries, a wealthy few controlled

-all of the above.(land, businesses, mine)

Haiti faced all of the following problems, except

-overabundance of foreign investment.

All of the following were promoted by the Organization of American States (OAS) EXCEPT:

-the end of drug cartels

What problems did the Soviet Union face under Brezhnev?

-Under Brezhnew, agriculture failed, transportation was poor, factories became more outdated, and the government spent too much money on the military.

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