Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul)
Barbarian Horde who tried to conquer the Byzantine Empire
2 ways the Byzantines protected their city from invasion
Theodosian Wall; Chain across harbor
Justinian's most important architectural achievement
Large oval arena for horse-racing and other events; center of public life in Constantinople
Justinian's most important political achievement
Justinian's Code (code of laws)
Theodora, his wife
Reason Justinian slaughtered 30,000 in the Hippodrome
To punish them for the Nika Revolt
Eastern Christian Church
Western Christian Church
Roman Catholic Church
5 Pillars of Islam
Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, Pilgrimage
annual journey to Mecca
Holiest month in Islam
The word "Islam" means
surrender or submit to the will of God.
one who submits to the will of God; a practitioner of Islam
Origins of Islam
Camel-driver Muhammad received the word of God from the angel Gabriel. The word became the Qur'an.
The Islamic holy book
Muslim law (no pork, no alchol, no gambling, among other things)
the example set by Muhammad for how to live
Cube-shaped building in Mecca, Saudi Arabia--built by Abraham and Ishmael
Nomadic Arab herders
fictional storyteller who stayed alive (and saved the women of her kingdom) by telling stories to the Sultan for 1001 nights.
The collection of Arabic stories which include tales of Aladdin, Ali Baba, and Sinbad
"1000 Nights and a Night," "Arabian Nights," or "1001 Nights."
How to say "God" in Arabic
Allah u Akbar!
God is Great!
Primary meaning: Struggle More well known meaning: Holy War
a successor to the prophet; a Muslim leader
a Turkish king
A Muslim place of worship
soap, coffee, windmill, fountain pen, parachute, algebra, chess, inoculations, Arabic numerals, pin-hole camera, crankshaft, surgical instruments, canon, trebuchet, torpedo (egg which moves itself and burns), etc.