6 Written Questions
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The treaty that concluded the Opium War. It awarded Britain a large indemnity from the Qing Empire, denied the Qing government tariff control over some of its own borders, opened additional ports of residence to Britons, and ceded the island of Hong Kong to Britain.
- Herediatary military servents of the Qing Empire, in large part descendants of peoples of various origins who had fought for the founders of the empire.
- Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. In the treaty ports, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality.
- Movement of young intellectuals to institute liberal reforms and build a feeling of national identity in the Ottoman Empire in the second half of the nineteenth century.
- Infantry, originally of slave origin, armed with firearms and constitutuing the elite of the Ottoman army from the fifteenth century until the corps was abolished in 1826.
5 True/False Questions
Decembrist revolt → Abotrive attempt by army officers to take control of the Russian government upon the death of Tsar Alexander I in 1825.
Serbia → "Restructuring" reforms by the nineteenth-century Ottoman rulers, intended to mive civil law away from the control of religious elites and make the military and the bureaucracy more efficient.
Muhammad Ali → Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early nineteenth century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor, but had imperial ambitions. His descendents ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952.
Crimean War → War between Britain and the Qing Empire that was, in the British view, occasioned by the Qing government's refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territories. The victorious British imposed the one-sided Treaty of Nanking on China.
extraterritoriality → Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire and foreign signatories. In the treaty ports, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality.