medical terminology

132 terms by miracleflower 

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the combining form of the first part of the large intestine

cec/o

pertaining to the abdomen

celiac

muscular wave movement to transport food through the digestive system

peristalsis

part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels

pulp

gingiv/o

gums

buccal

cheek

high blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile

hyperbilirubinemia

carries bile into duodenum

common bile duct

enzyme to digest starch

amylase

chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

Crohn disease

rings of muscles

spincter

specialist in gums

periodontist

stomat/o means

mouth

cheil/o

labi/o

stone in salivary gland

sialadenolithiasis

membrane that connects part of the small intestine

mesentery

new opening from the large bowel to the surface of the body

colostomy

fats are improperly digested and appear in feces

steatorrhea

lack of appetite

anorexia

another term for jaundice

icterus

esophageal varices are

swollen twisted veins

abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ such as the intestine

diverticula

telescoping of the intestines

intussusception

difficulty in swallowing

dysphagia

white plaques on the mucosa of the mouth

oral leukoplakia

third part of the small intestine

ileum

organ under the stomach: produces insulin and enzymes

pancreas

first part of the large intestine

cecum

small sac under the liver; stores bile

gallbladder

tube connecting the throat to the stomach

esophagus

large intestine

colon

first part of the small intestine

duodenum

throat

pharynx

lapar/o and celi/o

abdomen

gloss/o and lingu/o

tongue

or/o and stomat/o

mouth

labi/o and cheil/o

lip

enlargement of liver

hepatomegaly

study of the cause of disease

etiology

incision of the common bile duct

choledochostomy

surgical repair of the roof of the mouth

palatoplasty

after meal

postprandial

new opening between the common bile duct and the jejunum

choledochojejunostomy

inflammation of the appendix

appendicitis

inflammation of the membrane around the abdomen

peritonitis

inflammation of the large intestine

colitis

inflammation of the gallbladder

cholecystisis

inflammation of the salivary gland

sialadenitis

inflammation of the small and large intestines

enterocolitis

inflammation of the liver

hepatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

pancreatitis

inflammation of the of the mouth

stomatitis

inflammation of the gums

gingivitis

inflammation of the third part of the large intestine

ileitis

swollen twisted veins in the rectal region

hemorrhoids

chronic liver disease resulting of alcoholism and malnutrition

cirrhosis

failure of peristalsis

ileus

calculus in the sac that stores bile

cholecystolithiasis

sore or lesion of the mucous membrane in the stomach or duodenum

ulcer

painful inflamed intestines often caused by bacterial infection

dysentery

inflammation of the liver caused by type a type b or c virus

hepatitis

chronic inflammation of the large bowel with ulcers

ulcerative colitis

abnormal side pockets in the intestinal wall

diverticula

group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress but with no inflammation

irritable bowel syndrome

bright fresh red blood in stools

hematochezia

abnormal accumalation of fluid in the stomach

ascites

loose watery stools

diarrhea

gas expelled from the anus

flatus

discharge of fat in feces

steatorrhea

membrane that holds intestines together

mesentery

pertaining to under the tongue

sublingual

high levels of pigment in the blood (jaundice)

hyperbilirubinemia

new connection between two previously unconnected tubes

anastomosis

physical process of breaking down large fat globules into smaller parts

emulsification

salivary gland near the ear

parotid

swallowing

deglutition

small substances that are produced when protein is digested

amino acids

pigment released by the liver in bile

bilirubin

soft inner tissue within a tooth containing nerves and blood vessels

pulp

tiny microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine

villi

rhythm like contractions of the tubes of the alimentary tract

peristalsis

hormone produced by the endocrine cells in the pancreas

insulin

this tube carries bile from the liver and gallbladder into the duodenum

common bile duct

small nipple like elevations in the tongue

papillae

simple sugar

glucose

substance produced by the stomach and necessary for digestion of foods

hydrochloric acid

ring of muscle distal to the stomach

pyloric sphincter

large fat molecules

triglycerides

bright fresh blood from the rectum

hematochezia

rumbling or gurgling of the stomach produced by the movement of gas or fluid

borborygmus

difficulty in swallowing

dysphagia

inflammation and degeneration of the gums

periodontal disease

twisting of the intestine upon itself

volvulus

small benign growths protrude from the mucous membrane of the large intestine

colonic polyposis

telescoping of the intestines

intussusception

solids and fluids returning to the mouth from the stomach

gastroesophageal reflux disease

gallbladder calculi

cholecysloliathiasis

sore or lesion of the mucous membrane of the first part of the small intestines

peptic ulcer

painful inflamed intestines

dysentery

swollen torturous veins in the distal portion of the tube connecting the throat to the stomach

esophageal varices

inflammation of a gland behind the stomach

pancreatitis

chronic inflammation of the large bowel with open sores of mucous membrane

ulcerative colitis

chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract

Crohns disease

FAILURE OF PERISTALSIS

ILEUS

inflammation of the mouth with open sores

aphthous stomatitis

tooth decay

dental caries

ileus

intestinal obstruction

polyposis

abnormal condition of polyps

dysentary

abnormal painful intestines

gallbladder resection

cholecystectomy

pertaining to the bile

biliary

failure of the muscles in the lower esophagus to relax

achalasia

nutrition is given other than through the intestine

parenteral

new opening between two previously unconnected tubes

anastomosis

jejunum

second part of the small intestine

pharynx

the throat

sigmoid colon

s shaped portion of the large bowel

duodenum

first part of the small intestine

cecum

second part of the small intestine

ileitis

inflammation of the third part of the small intestine

sialolithiasis

abnormal condition of salivary stones

proctologist

one who studies the anus and rectum

gluconeogenesis

formation of new sugar from fats and protein

major tissue composing teeth

dentin

passage of materials through billi in blood

absorption

process of breaking up large fat globules

emulsification

substance produced when fats are digested

fatty acids

starch stored sugar

glycogen

simple sugar

glucose

blood vessel bringing blood to the liver

portal vein

chemical produced by stomach to aid digestion

hydrochloric acid

hormone produced by the pancreas

insulin

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