prewriting (planned or rehearsal)
this stage of the writing process involves gathering and selecting ideas. Help students by creating lists, researching, brainstorming, reading to discover more about the author's style, talking, collecting memorabilia or clips from other texts, and free-writing.
In this stage, students begin writing, connecting, and developing ideas. Depending on the purpose for writing and the audience of the piece, there may be few drafts or many.
This stage of the writing process involves rewriting, or "reseeing." At this point, the writer looks at the piece again, either alone or with the help of a teacher or capable peer. The writer strives to ensure that the reader is able to make meaning of the piece of writing. In the revision stage, emphasis is placed on examining sentence structure, word choice, voice, and organization of the piece.
This stage involves checking for style and conventions - spelling, grammar, usage, and punctuation. At this point in the writing process, the writer ensures that errors in conventions will not be intrusive when others read the piece of writing.
The "going public" stage. A writer can share his or her writing with a larger audience in many ways. Teachers can encourage students to publish their writing in newsletters, online publications, perfomance, brochures, and magazines.
In this stage, the writer looks back at his or her work and self-evaluates, and the audience evaluates the effectiveness of the writing.