Salon de la Princesse, Hotel Soubise, Paris, France. This is a typical French Rococo room (salon). Pastels, feminine look, less boisterous. Organic, scalloped frames, gilded moldings with sinuous curves (Princess=sinuous curves)
Francois de Cuvillies, Early 18th Century, Rococo
Hall of Mirrors, The Amalienburg, Nymphenburg Palace park, Munich, Germany. Influenced by French design--an example of Germany's adoption of Parisian style. Rococo.
Antoine Watteau, 1716, Rococo
"L'Indifferent One" of the most associated artists of the French Rococo. (what a () a different () fellow)
Antoine Watteau, 1717; Rococo
"Pilgrimage to Cythera" A specific type of period painting; fete galante (amorous fesitval) painting. Cythera is the land of eternal youth and love, sacred to Aphrodite.
Francois Boucher, 1754; Rococo
"Cupid a Captive" A follower of Watteau, Madame de Pompadour's patronage made this artist a dominant French painter.
Jean-Honore Fragonard, 1766; Rococo
"The Swing" This artist was a student of Boucher. Pastel colors and soft light. Sensuous.
Giambattista Tiepolo, 1761-1762; Rococo
Ceiling fresco. Apotheosis of the Pisani Family. Apotheosis: the elevation or exaltation of a person to the rank of a God.
Satyr Crowning a Bacchante
Clodion, 1770. Terracotta. Could be easily reproduced. Bacchante: 1) a priest, priestess, or votary of Bacchaus; bacchanal. 2) a drunken reveler. 3) inclined to revelry. Rococo.
A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery
Joseph Wright of Derby, 1763-1765. Orrery: an apparatus for representing the positions, motions, and phases of the planets, satellites, etc., in the solar system. The Enlightenment.
iron bridge at Coalbrookdale, England
Darby III & Pritchard, 1776-1779. The Enlightenment.
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin, 1740. The Enlightenment.
Jean-Baptist Greuze, 1761. The Enlightenment.
Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun, 1790. The Enlightenment.
Breakfast Scene from Marriage a la Mode
William Hogarth, 1745. The Enlightenment.
Mrs. Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Thomas Gainsborough, 1787. The Enlightenment.
Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1787. The Enlightenment.
Death of General Wolfe
Benjamin West,1771. Depicting the final moments of British General James Wolfe during 1759 Battle of Quebec during the Seven Year War. The Enlightenment.
Portrait of Paul Revere
John Singleton Copley, 1768-1770. The Enlightenment. (Jack Black)
Rivi degli Schiavoni
Antonio Canaletto, 1735-1740. The Enlightenment.
Robert Adam, 1641. Neoclassical.
Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures
Angelica Kauffmann, 1785. Neoclassical.
Oath of the Horatii
Jacques-Louis David, 1784. Neoclassical.
Death of Marat
Jean-Louis David,1793. tragic Neoclassical.
Boyle and Kent, begun 1725. London, England. Neoclassical.
Doric Portico, Hagely Park, Worcestershire, England
James Stuart, 1758. Neoclassical. ("If you can't go see it, build it.")
Thomas Jefferson, 1770-1806. Charlottesville, VA. Neoclassical.
Rotunda and Lawn, University of Virginia
Thomas Jefferson, 1819-1826. Neoclassical.
Jean-Antoine Houdan, 1788-1792. Neoclassical.
Horatio Greenough, 1840. Neoclassical.
1700-1789. Rococco Art was a domesticated from of the Baroque style-it was decorative, gay, ornamental and free--a style to glorify and glamorize the wealthy and noble classes. Present in France, Italy, Holland, and England, it also spread to America and other colonies. Major artists of this movement are Watteau and Fragonard, who painted for Louis XIV, Van Dyck, (Dutch), Holbein (German), and Reynolds, Gainsborough and Hogarth (England).
A philosophical movement which started in Europe in the 1700's and spread to the colonies. It emphasized reason and the scientific method. Writers of the enlightenment tended to focus on government, ethics, and science, rather than on imagination, emotions, or religion. Many members of the Enlightenment rejected traditional religious beliefs in favor of Deism, which holds that the world is run by natural laws without the direct intervention of God.
A style of art and architecture that emerged in the later 18th century. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, Neoclassicism was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome.
eighteenth-century scroll ornament based upon water-worn elements such as rocks and seashells; very frivolous
French "amorous festival" a type of rocco painting depicting the outdoor amusement of French upper-class society
Philosophers, social scientists, social critics of the Enlightenment.
English mathematician and scientist who invented differential calculus and formulated the theory of universal gravitation, a theory about the nature of light, and three laws of motion. His treatise on gravitation, presented in Principia Mathematica (1687), was supposedly inspired by the sight of a falling apple.
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
Jean Jacques Rosseau
French for "learned women." Term used to describe the cultured hostesses of Rococo salons.
townhouse in Paris
French for "old order." Term used to describe the political, social, and religious order in France before the Revolution at the end of the 18th Century.
The Grand Tour