Pivot Point Chapter 10 Hair Design

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The art of dressing and arranging hair to create temporary changes in the form and texture is known as:
color
sculpture
hair design

hair design

The tool that allows the greatest air flow to the hair while directing it into the lines of the design is called a(n):
long hair pins
air forming brush
fine tooth comb

air forming brush

The type of comb that is used for backcombing and smoothing the surface of the hair is called a:
molding comb
master sketcher
fine tooth tail comb

master sketcher

The process of designing wet hair into the desired position is referred to as molding or:
shaping
curving
parting

shaping

Distribution begins at the point where motion begins also knows as the:
scale
base control
point of orgin

point of orgin

What pattern is created when two oblong shapes alternate?
figure 8
0 shaped
S shaped
C shaped

S shaped

What is the area between partings within a shape on which roller is places?
base
form
stem

base

The section of curl between teh scalp and the first turn of the roller is called:
form
stem
base

stem

The diameter of the tool or pincurl will determine the:
shape of the base
size of the base
direction of the curl

direction of the curl

What part of a curl is positioned around the roller?
stem
base
form

stem

The combination of the size of the base in relation to the diameter of the tool and the position of the tool in relation to the base is called:
curl control
base control
diameter

base control

What affects the amount of volume, lift, fullness or mass achieved in a hair design?
on base
indentation
base control

base control

The base control that results in the most volume and strongest base strenth is called:
on base
off base
half off base

on base

Holding the hair 90 degrees from the center of one diameter base and having the tool sit on the bottom parting results from which type of base control?
on base
off base
half off base

half off base

Which base control positions the tool completely off the bottom parting?
on base
off base
undirected

off base

Which base control is being used when the tool sits in the lower portion of the base, but not on or below the parting:
on base
off base
underdirected

underdirected

Hair that is held at a 45 degree angle above the center of the base and rolled to sit in the upper portion of the base is described by which of the following terms?
on base
overdirected
half off base

overdirected

Which of the following base shapes is used within an oblong?
circle
rhomboid
triangle

rhomboid

Which of the following base shapes is used within a half cirlce?
circle
triangle
trapezius

triange

A technique used to increase height and control form by creating a cushion or mesh at the base with a comb is called:
comb out
backcombing
dry molding

backcombing

Defining the form includes smoothing the surface of the hair and:
controlling the amount of desired volume
using a cushion brush to retrace the lines of the set

controlling the amount of desired volume

Styling lotion supports volume and movement and:
is a foam consistency
is a liquid consistency
is a liquid dispensed through compressed gas

is of liquid consistency

Which of teh following hairstyling products adds shine and weight to the hair:
gel
pomade
styling lotion

pomade

Safety guidelines require the air intake of a blow dryer to be:
closed
free from debris
clogged with debris

free from debris

The area of hair designing in which the hair is manipulated into the desired shapes and movements while wet and then allowed to dry is known as:
wet design
form design
thermal design

wet design

What is created by two complete oblong shapes that are joined and connected by a ridge?
a pincurl
a flat pincurl
a fingerwave

a fingerwave

The hollow of the fingerwave may be described by which of the following terms?
recess
legde
ridge

recess

Overdirection of the ridge in fingerwaving may be caused by which of the following improper techniques?
using a fine tooth comb
using a wide tooth comb
pinching or pushing the ridge

pinching or pushing the ridge

A section of hair that forms a pincurl is commonly described in three parts as the base, stem, and:
twist
circle
barrel
strand

circle

The area of the strand at the scalp between partings within a shape is called:
arc
form
base

base

Where is the stem of the pincurl located that demonstrates the direction of the curl?
closest to the scalp
between the barrel and base
between teh base and first turn

between the base and first turn

What determines the width and strength of a wax?
size of the base
size of the circle
length of the stem

size of the circle

Which of the following results would be achieved by using a pincurl with a closed center?
wider wave
uniform effect
smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect

smaller and stronger wave, for a fluffy effect

A pincurl with an open circle has the ability to produce which of the following effects?
fluffy effect
wider wave pattern with uniform curls
stronger wave

wider wave pattern with uniform curls

The shape of the base within pincurls is used to:
avoid excess curls
add volume to hair style
avoid splits in the finished hair style

avoid splits in the finished hair style

The base shapes of pincurls most often used are triangles, square, rectangle, and:
crescent
stand up
straight

crescent

Which type of base control is used to produce life or strong curl effect?
on base
off base
underdirected

on base

The base control used when an equal degree of predetermined direction and volume are required is:
underdirected
on base
half off base

half off base

Which base control is identified as having the stem and circle positioned below the base?
overdirected
on base
off base
half off base

half off base

The off base pincurl produces which of the following results?
closeness and mobility
the least amount of closeness
the least amount of movement

the least amount of closeness

What is the name given to large stand up pincurls, that are able to achieve a similar effect to hair wound around a roller, but resulting in less volume?
flat
barrel
straight volume

flat

Cascade pincurls are volume pincurls used to create which of the following results?
fullness and height
a smooth flat sapce
hollow space and flare

fullness and height

Which of the following terms is NOT a common type of curvature pincurl?
flat
volume
skip wave
indentation

skip wave

Which type of pincurl would be selected to obtain closeness within a hair style?
flat pincurls
volume pincurls
stand up pincurls

flat pincurls

What type of pincurl is used to create fullness and height?
flat
volume
skip wave
volume wave

volume

Two altering oblongs connected by a ridge in which one oblong is molded and one oblong is set is called:
arc curl
ridge curl
skip wave
volume wave

skip wave

One oblong followed by a row of pincurls is called a:
ridge curl
skip wave
barrel wave

ridge curl

Cone shaped rollers fit into a curvature shape and allow the creation of which of the following results?
straighter line
bricklay effect
a stronger curvature movement

a stronger curvature movement

Which type of set allows you to position rollers diagonally and set from multiple points of orgin?
oblong
half oval
half circle

oblong

Use of a hand held dryer with fingers, brushes, pressing combs, and or a curling iron is called:
sculpture
wet design
thermal design

thermal design

Before brushing or combing hair that has been curled with an iron, ensure that the hair is:
warm
completely cool
shampood

completely cool

Rain or humidity may cause thermally styled hair to react in which of the following ways?
curls lighten
curls discolor
hair returns to its original shape

hair returns to its original shape

The process of drying the hair and then styling it to create a new form is called air forming or:
pressing
blow drying
spiral technique

blow drying

Which thermal styling tool is used to air form wet hair while using brushes, combs, and fingers to create temporary direction and texture changes?
hood dryer
blow dryer
stove heater

blow dryer

The blow dryer attachment that focuses the air flow to a small area is called the:
nozzle
handle
concentrator

concentrator

Loss of hair elacticity ot split ends may be caused by:
minial tension
excessive air forming
minimal air forming

excessive air forming

What direction should the blow dryer's air flow point?
up and down the hair strand
back and forth across the hair strand
down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends

down the hair strand from the scalp to the ends

To reduce the potential of hair and scalp damage from heat, hold blow dryer at least:
3 to 5 inches from the hair
1-3 inches from the hair
12-15 inches from the hair

3 to 5 inches from the hair

Which of the following is true about the use of a smaller briush when designing short hair?
achoeves indenataion
achieves a curlier design

achieves a curlier design

If the client wants volume, where should the brush be positioned when air forming with a round brush?
on top of hair
on top of the ends
underneath the hair

underneath the hair

The technique in which the fingers are used to mainpulate and design the hair while using a blow drer is called:
air forming
finger styling
hair pressing

finger styling

If a client requests a temporary hair straightening service which of the following methods should be used?
finger styling
hair pressing
air forming with a round brush

hair pressing

Whivh of the following will help determine the temperature used when pressing hair?
color
length
texture

texture

Hair breakage may result from which of the following actions?
pressing hair too often
less pressure on the hair
short contact time on the hair

pressing hair too often

Which of the following time periods describes how long hair pressing results last?
6-8 weeks
until next shampoo
until next perm

until next shampoo

During hair pressing, fine hair requires, which of the following actions?
supply less heat
apply more heat
apply hard press

supply less heat

How can the temperature of a pressing comb be tested?
wave it in the air quick then touch it
place it against a paper towel and look for a change of color
hold it close to the nose and smell if its too hot

place it against a paper towel and look for a change of color

How is the majority of hair straightening accomplished during a pressng service?
taking wide partings
pressing the spine of the comb against the hair
applying excess pressing oil

pressing the spine of the comb against the hair

A hard press refers to applying the pressing comb:
with less pressure
once on each side
twice with more pressure and heat

twice with more pressure and heat

Thermal iron procedure are only performed on hair that has been:
dried
lightened
texturized

dried

Curling iron barrels, in order to retain heat, are usually made of which of the following materials?
cooper
bronze
stainless steel

stainless steel

To maintain a constant tempertaure during use, the electric curling iron contains a heating element controlled by a:
rod
thermostat
clamp

thermostat

The hair type that generally requires lower tempertaures and less contact time when using an electronic curling iron is which of the following?
red hair
chemically altered hair
resistant hair

chemically altered hair

Manipulation of a thermal iron when styling involves all of the following procedures EXCEPT:
rolling the iron
quick clicking movement
maintaining a closed clamp

maintaining a closed clamp

The comb used to protect the scalp when performing curling iron technique should be made of:
aluminum material
heat resistant or nonflammable material
light weight material

heat resistant or nonflammable material

Why should having the ends of the hair protrude over the ion be avoided?
split ends could occur
indentation may be created
fishhooks ends could end up th result

fishhooks ends could end up th result

The technique used to create a curved under or flipped up effect by adding curl textureat the ends only is referred to as a:
roll technique
curl technique
ends technique

ends technique

Which technique involves using the curling iron to create alternating oblongs along the hair strand?
ends technique
Marcel technique

marcel technique

All of the following are true about using a thermal iron on tinted, white or very fine hair EXCEPT:
lower iron temperature is used
highest iron tempertaure is used

highest iron temperature is used

The two most common braiding methods are u=the 3 strand overbraid and the:
french braid
5 strand
3 strand underbraid

3 strand underbraid

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