Chapter 27 & 28 Civil Rights Movement & Kennedy and Johnson Years

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What happened in hundreds of cities immediately after the assassination of Martin Luther King?

Riots broke out.

The conflict at Little Rock's Central high School was a reaction to

Brown v. Board of Education.

In what way did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 affect employment in the United States?

It outlawed job discrimination and created the EEOC to investigate charges of job

events in the Civil Rights movement preceded the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Alabama.
Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech at The March on Washington.

At what point did the Black Panthers believe that African Americans would become "free"?

when they gained full control of their community institutions

How did the Black Panthers exemplify the idea of "black power"?

The Black Panthers developed programs for African Americans to help themselves and their communities.

Who signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

President Johnson

When three civil rights workers disappeared during Freedom Summer, the SNCC claimed that they had been

murdered.

While in prison, Malcolm X became a convert to

the Nation of Islam.

What civil rights measure was passed by Congress shortly after King's assassination?

the Fair Housing Act

The Alliance for Progress provided what kind of assistance to Latin American countries?

economic

As the result of the Cuban Missile Crisis, Khrushchev

declined in national politics.

As a result of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty,

nearly forty countries ended above ground nuclear tests.

What did President Kennedy's domestic agenda primarily fight?

poverty

Which of these was a result of the Equal Pay Act?

Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in Kennedy's assassination.

According to Johnson, the primary role of government is to

support individual effort.

Kennedy's military policies encouraged more funding for

the Special Forces

African American famous for breaking into major league baseball

Jackie Robinson

How long did the Montgomery bus boycott last?

more than a year

In return for the desegregation of interstate transportation,

the Kennedy administration agreed not to stop the arrest of Mississippi activists.

Why did Martin Luther King target Birmingham, Alabama for a civil rights campaign?

because it was considered the most segregated city in the South

two specific activities are protected from discrimination in Civil Rights Act of 1964

voting and employment

What were Jim Crow laws?

They were laws that enforced the strict separation of the races.

The members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) believed

that direct, nonviolent methods could gain civil rights for African Americans.

Which civil rights organization won a number of important court cases against segregation in the 1950s?

NAACP

In a ruling known as Brown II, the Supreme Court

ordered the immediate implementation of Brown v. Board of Education.

To which city did President Eisenhower send federal troops to protect African American students?

Montgomery, Alabama

In response to riots over desegregation the University of Mississippi, President Kennedy declared that

Americans were free to disagree with the law but not to disobey it.

Why were many Americans surprised when President Johnson supported civil rights?

He was a Southerner with an undistinguished record on racial matters.

At what school was there major rioting over James Meredith's enrollment?

the University of Mississippi

How did T. Eugene Connor react to civil rights marchers in Birmingham, Alabama?

He ordered the use of police dogs and fire hoses against the marchers.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbids discrimination in employment on the basis of

race.

The first of the confrontations on the Edmund Pettus Bridge during the march on Selma became known as

Bloody Sunday

Following the issuance of the Kerner Commission's findings, a number of conservative commentators

argued against expanding federal spending for minorities

What was the outcome of the Alliance for Progress?

Relations between the United States and Latin America improved.

The Bay of Pigs invasion was an attempt to overthrow

Fidel Castro

Kennedy prevented completion of missile bases in Cuba by approving a

naval blockade.

What issue led to the construction of the Berlin Wall?

America's refusal to recognize a divided Germany

One component of President Kennedy's New Frontier was

equality for all Americans.

How did President Kennedy initially approach civil rights policies?

cautiously

What effect did the Cold War have on the American space program?

Competition with the Soviet Union spurred American space missions.

After the assassination, President Kennedy was succeeded by

Lyndon Johnson.

The Warren Commission determined that

President Kennedy's assassin acted alone.

The purpose of the Civil Rights Act was to

fight discrimination based on race and sex.

Which of these came first in Johnson's War on Poverty?

the Economic Opportunity Act

Which of these groups benefited from the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

inner city schools

What was one result of the Great Society?

The lives of many underprivileged Americans improved.

The Warren Court often made rulings that

supported civil liberties.

What was the conclusion of the Warren Commission about Lee Harvey's Oswald's role in the JFK assassination?

He acted alone.

What did the construction of the Berlin Wall do to the country of Germany?

The Berlin Wall divided East and West Germany.

What Kruschchev request did President Kennedy deny at their 1961 conference in Vienna?

to recognize the formal division of Germany and end the American occupation of West Berlin

From his time in Congress, Johnson was known for his skills in

compromise.

Why was the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 necessary?

Existing American immigration policies were discriminatory.

What is an argument that people used to prevent affirmative action?

it would not be fair for white people & discriminate against non-minorities.

Not longer after the passage of the voting rights act of 1965, African Americans in several cities

they assumed public office

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