Language of Medicine Chapter 16 Pronunciation of Terms

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Language of Medicine Chapter 16 Pronunciation of Terms

adipose

full of fat

albinism

a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment (particularly in the eyes, skin, and hair)

albino

person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)

alopecia

absence of hair from areas where it normally grows.

anhidrosis

abnormal condition of no sweat

apocrine sweat gland

One of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas. It secretes sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body odor.

atopic dermatitis

marked by an intense itching and excoriation (scratching)

basal layer

deepest region of the epidermis

causalgia

burning pain

collagen

Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue

cuticle

Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate

dermabrasion

Scraping away of the skin.

dermatologist

skin specialist

dermatophytosis

fungal infection of the skin

dermatoplasty

surgical repair of the skin

dermis

Middle layer of skin

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

eccrine sweat gland

Most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin.

electrocautery

instrument containing a needle or blade used during surgery to burn through tissue by means of electrical current

epidermis

outermost layer of skin

epidermolysis

loosening of the epidermis

epithelium

Layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body

erythema

redness of the skin

erythematous

rash that begins in the cheeks and later appears on the arms, buttocks, and trunk.

hair follicle

Sac within which each hair grows

ichthyosis

Hereditary condition in which the skin resembles fish scales and is dry, rough, and scaly.

integumentary system

the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails

keratin

hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails

keratosis

a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin

leukoderma

loss of pigment in areas of the skin

leukoplakia

white plaques

lipocyte

A fat cell.

lipoma

tumor of fat

liposuction

removal of subcutaneous fat tissue by aspiration.

lunula

the half moon shaped, white area at the base of the nail

melanin

major skin pigment

malanocyte

black cell

mycosis

any abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus

onycholysis

separation of a nail from its normal attachment to the nail bed

onychomycosis

abnormal condition of nail fungus

paronychia

infection around a nail

paronychium

Soft tissue surrounding the nail border.

pilosebaceous

pertaining to hair and glands that secrete sebum

pyoderma

skin disease causing pus in skin

rhytidetomy

removal of wrinkle

sebaceous glands

oil secreting glands in the epidermis associated with the hair follicles

seborrhea

excessive discharge of sebum

seborrheic dermatis

dandruff

sebum

oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands

squamous epithelium

Flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis.

steatoma

fatty tumor

stratified

Arranged in layers

stratum; strata

a layer of a cells

stratum cornea

Outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny) cells.

subcutaneous layer

The innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue

subungual

Pertaining to below the nail

trichomycosis

A fungus condition of the hair

xanthoma

nodules develop under the skin owing to excess lipid deposits

xeroderma

Dry skin

abscess

localized collection of pus

acne

Chronic papular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum.

actinic keratosis

a precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun.

alopecia areata

An idiopathic condition in which hair falls out in patches.

basal cell carcinoma

a malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis

balla; ballae

a large vesicle.

burns

Injury to tissues caused by heat contact.

callus

increased growth of cells in the keratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction

cellulitis

diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling

cicatrix

normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound

comedo; comedones

blackhead

crust

Collection of dried serum and cellular debris.

currettage

use of a sharp dermal currette to scrape away a skin lesion.

cyst

thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material.

decubitis ulcer

bedsore

dysplastic nevi

moles that do not form properly and can develop into malignant melanoma

ecchymosis; ; ecchymoses

bluish-black mark on skin (bruise)

eczema

Inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, papulovesicular lesions.

electrodesiccation

Tissue is destroyed by burning with an electric spark.

erosion

wearing away of the epidermis

exanthematous viral disease

Rash (exanthem) of skin due to viral infection; measles (rubeola) and chicken pox (varicella) are examples.

fissure

groove or crack-like sore

fungal test

scrapings from skin lesions hair specimens or nail clippings are sent to the lab for culture and microscopic examination

gangrene

death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply

impetigo

Bacterial inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions.

kaposi sarcoma

malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth, characterized by cutaneous nodules.

keloid

hypertrophied, thickened scar that occurs after trauma or surgical incision

macule

discolored (often reddened) flat lesion

malignant melanoma

cancerous growth composed of melanocytes

Mohs surgery

thin layers of a malignant growth are removed, and each is examined under a microscope

nevus; nevi

pigmented lesion of the skin.

nodule

solid, round or oval elevated lesion more than 1 cm in diameter

papule

Small (less than 1 cm in diameter), solid elevation of the skin (pimples).

petechia; petechiae

small pinpoint hemorrhage.

pilonidal cyst

sac of fluid and hair over sacral region

polyp

benign growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane

pruritis

itching

psoriasis

chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales

purpura

Bleeding into the skin

purulent

containing pus

pustule

small elevation of the skin containing pus

rubella

German measles

rubeola

measles

scabies

contagious, parasitic skin infection with intense pruritus

scleroderma

a chronic progressive disease of the skin with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue.

sebaceous cyst

Sac-like cavity filled with a collection of yellowish, cheesy sebum.

skin biopsy

Suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and sent to the pathology laboratory for microscopic examination.

skin test

Reaction of the body to a substance by observing the results of injecting the substance intradermally (within the dermis) or applying it topically to the skin.

squamous cell carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis.

systemic lupus erythematosus

chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs

tinea

infection of the skin caused by a fungus

ulcer

open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane

urticaria

also hives; an acute allergic reaction in which round wheals (welts) develop on the skin, usually accompanied by intense itching

varicella

chicken pox

verruca; verrucae

epidermal growth (wart) cause by a virus.

vesicle

small collection of clear fluid; blister

vitiligo

loss of pigment; white, patchy areas

wheal

smooth, slightly elevated, edematous (swollen) area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin.

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