Language of Medicine Chapter 16 Pronunciation of Terms
a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment (particularly in the eyes, skin, and hair)
person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows.
abnormal condition of no sweat
apocrine sweat gland
One of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas. It secretes sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body odor.
marked by an intense itching and excoriation (scratching)
deepest region of the epidermis
Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
Scraping away of the skin.
fungal infection of the skin
surgical repair of the skin
Middle layer of skin
eccrine sweat gland
Most numerous sweat-producing exocrine gland in the skin.
instrument containing a needle or blade used during surgery to burn through tissue by means of electrical current
outermost layer of skin
loosening of the epidermis
Layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body
redness of the skin
rash that begins in the cheeks and later appears on the arms, buttocks, and trunk.
Sac within which each hair grows
Hereditary condition in which the skin resembles fish scales and is dry, rough, and scaly.
the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails
a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
loss of pigment in areas of the skin
removal of subcutaneous fat tissue by aspiration.
the half moon shaped, white area at the base of the nail
major skin pigment
any abnormal condition or disease caused by fungus
separation of a nail from its normal attachment to the nail bed
abnormal condition of nail fungus
infection around a nail
Soft tissue surrounding the nail border.
pertaining to hair and glands that secrete sebum
skin disease causing pus in skin
removal of wrinkle
oil secreting glands in the epidermis associated with the hair follicles
excessive discharge of sebum
oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands
Flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis.
Arranged in layers
a layer of a cells
Outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny) cells.
The innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue
Pertaining to below the nail
A fungus condition of the hair
nodules develop under the skin owing to excess lipid deposits
localized collection of pus
Chronic papular and pustular eruption of the skin with increased production of sebum.
a precancerous skin lesion caused by excessive exposure to the sun.
An idiopathic condition in which hair falls out in patches.
basal cell carcinoma
a malignant tumor of the basal layer of the epidermis
a large vesicle.
Injury to tissues caused by heat contact.
increased growth of cells in the keratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction
diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling
normal scar resulting from the healing of a wound
Collection of dried serum and cellular debris.
use of a sharp dermal currette to scrape away a skin lesion.
thick-walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material.
moles that do not form properly and can develop into malignant melanoma
ecchymosis; ; ecchymoses
bluish-black mark on skin (bruise)
Inflammatory skin disease with erythematous, papulovesicular lesions.
Tissue is destroyed by burning with an electric spark.
wearing away of the epidermis
exanthematous viral disease
Rash (exanthem) of skin due to viral infection; measles (rubeola) and chicken pox (varicella) are examples.
groove or crack-like sore
scrapings from skin lesions hair specimens or nail clippings are sent to the lab for culture and microscopic examination
death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
Bacterial inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions.
malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth, characterized by cutaneous nodules.
hypertrophied, thickened scar that occurs after trauma or surgical incision
discolored (often reddened) flat lesion
cancerous growth composed of melanocytes
thin layers of a malignant growth are removed, and each is examined under a microscope
pigmented lesion of the skin.
solid, round or oval elevated lesion more than 1 cm in diameter
Small (less than 1 cm in diameter), solid elevation of the skin (pimples).
small pinpoint hemorrhage.
sac of fluid and hair over sacral region
benign growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane
chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales
Bleeding into the skin
small elevation of the skin containing pus
contagious, parasitic skin infection with intense pruritus
a chronic progressive disease of the skin with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue.
Sac-like cavity filled with a collection of yellowish, cheesy sebum.
Suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and sent to the pathology laboratory for microscopic examination.
Reaction of the body to a substance by observing the results of injecting the substance intradermally (within the dermis) or applying it topically to the skin.
squamous cell carcinoma
Malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis.
systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs
infection of the skin caused by a fungus
open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane
also hives; an acute allergic reaction in which round wheals (welts) develop on the skin, usually accompanied by intense itching
epidermal growth (wart) cause by a virus.
small collection of clear fluid; blister
loss of pigment; white, patchy areas
smooth, slightly elevated, edematous (swollen) area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin.