The tail-like part of the neuron through which information exits the cell.
A chemical found in animals that plays a role in our behavior, cognitions, and emotions.
The tendency of the body (and the mind) to naturally gravitate toward a state of equilibrium or balance.
The firing on a neuron. Occurs when the charge inside the neuron becomes more positive than the charge outside.
The main part of a neuron where the information is processed.
The lobe at the front of the brain associated with movement, speech, and impulsive behavior.
The sense of smell.
The impairment of the ability to communicate either through oral or written discourse as a result of brain damage.
An aphasia associated with damage to the Broca's area of the brain, demonstrated by the impairment in producing understandable speech. Can usually understand speech, but can only speak slowly and with great difficulty.
Aphasia resulting from damage to the Wernicke's area of the frontal lobe. Affects written and spoken language. Can physically speak, but will only string together meaningless words.