TN Academic Vocabulary 5th Grade Science

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Tennessee academic vocabulary in science for 5th grade

adaptation

a characteristic that helps an organism to survive in its environment

cell

the smallest unit of living matter

cell wall

a stiff structure that surrounds the cell membrane in some organisms such as a plant cell

chemical property

the way a substance reacts with other substances

commensalism

a relationship between two kinds of organisms that benefits one without harming the other

condensation

the changing of a gas into a liquid

conduction

the passing of heat through a material while the material itself stays in place

constellation

any patterns formed by groups of stars in the night sky. To people in the past, these patterns looked like pictures of animals or people

convection

the flow of heat through a liquid or gas, caused by hot parts rising and cooler parts sinking

core

the central part of Earth that lies beneath the mantle

crust

the rocky surface that makes up the top of the lithosphere and include the continents and the ocean floor

cytoplasm

the gel-like liquid inside a cell

earthquake

a sudden shaking of the earth

evaporation

the change of a liquid into a gas below the boiling point

faulting

movement along a crack (fault) or cracks in the earth's crust

gravity

the force of atttraction between any two objects due to their mass

hurricane

a storm that forms over warm, tropical ocean waters.

inherited traits

a characteristic that is passed form parent to offspring

kinetic energy

the energy of a moving object

nucleus

the largest, most visible part of a cell and is the control center of a cell's activities

parasite

an organism that lives on or in a host and causes it harm

parasitism

a relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed

photosynthesis

the food making process in green plants that uses sunlight

plate

a rigid layer of the Earth's crust that is believed to drift slowly

plate movement

when the plates under ground shift they can create mountains and/or earthquakes

potential energy

energy stored in the position or structure of an object

radiation

the transfer of heat through electromagnetic rays

revolution

one complete spin on an axis

rotation

a complete spin on an axis

states of matter

The physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, and gas

symbiosis

a relationship between two kinds of organisms over time

tornado

a violent, whirling wind that moves in a narrow path over land

tsunami

a huge wave caused by an earthquake under the ocean

volcano

an opening in Earth's crust through which lava may flow

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