A pattern of emotions, behavior, or thoughts inappropriate to the situation and leading to personal distress.
Extreme disorders of thinking, incoliving persistent false beliefs. Hallmarks of paranoid disorders.
The view that mental disorders are diseases, that, like ordinary physical diseases, have objective physical causes and require specific treatment.
A psychological alternative to the medical model that views psychological disorders through a combination of the social, cognitive, and behavioral perspectives.
Indicators of Abnormality
Distress, Maladaptiveness, Irrationality, Unpredictability, Unconventionality
Behaving erratically and inconsistently at different times or from one situation or another, and experiencing loss of control.
Behaving in ways that are statistically rare and violate social norms of what is legally or morally acceptible.
DSM - IV
The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the most widely accepted of the disorder classification systems.
Before DSM-IV, was used to label distress of self-defeating behavior that did not show any signs of brain abnormalities or grossly irrational thinking.
Abnormal disturbances in emotion or mood, including bipolar disorder and unipolar disorder. Also called affective disorders.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Technically Seasonal Pattern Specifier, mood disorder cause by deprivation of sunlight.
Mental problems characterized mainly by anxiety. Include panic disorders, some phobias, and OCD.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A psychological problem characterized by persistent feelings of anxiety, without external cause.
A disturbance marked by panic attacks that have no obvious cause. Victim is usually free of anxiety in between attacks.
The hit-and-run nature of panic attacks. This causes dread of the next attack, greatly hindering the victim.
The notion that we have an innate tendency, aquired through natural selection, to respond quickly to threatening stimuli, passed down from our ancestors.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A condition characterized by patters of persistent, unwanted thoughts and behaviors.
Physchological problems appearing in the form of bodily symptoms or physical complaints, such as excessive worry about disease or weakness.
A somatoform disorder marked by paralysis, weakness, or loss of sensation with no physical cause.
A somatoform disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses.
A group of pathologies involving "fragmentation" of the personality, in which some parts of the person become detatched.
Dissociative disorder characterized by the sudden and extensive inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature.
Essentially the same as Dissociative Amnesia, but with the addition of "flight" from ones home.
An abnormality involving the sensation that mind and body have separated, as in an out-of-body experience.
Dissociative Identity Disorder
A condition in which an individual displays multiple identities, or personalities. AKA Mulitiple Personality Disorder
An eating disorder that involves persistent loss of apetite that stems from emotional or psychological reasons.
Binge-and-Purge. An eating disorder identified by eating binges and then induved vomiting or laxatives.
Schizophrenia including incoherent speech, hallucinations, delusions and bizarre behavior.
Schizophrenia involving a spectrum of motor dysfunctions in two forms. Catatonic Stupor: remaining motionless for hours. Catatonic Excitement: Becoming agitated or hyperactive.
Schizophrenia including delusions and hallucinations, but no catatonic or incoherent symptoms.
Schizophrenics who do not clearly fit in to any Schizophrenia category.
Those who have suffered Schizophrenia in the past but now have no clear symptoms.
In reference to Schizophrenia, the proposal that says the genetic factors place the individual at risk while environmental stress factors transform these into actual Schizophrenia.
Conditions involving chronic, pervasive, inflexible and maladaptive patterns of thinking, emotion, social relationships, or impulse control. (PD)
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Characterized by a grandoise sese of self-importance, fantasies of success or power, and constant need for attention.
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Characterized by long-standing patter of irresponsible behavior indicating a lack of conscience and diminished sense of responsibility.
A developmental disorder marked by disabilities in language, social interaction, and the ability to understand another person's state of mind.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A developemental disability involving short attention span, distractability, and extreme difficulty in remaining inactive for any period.
Psychological Problem involving making choices and dealing with confusion, frustration, and loss. Also called "Other Conditions"