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For Mr. Magnusen's Ch. 11/12 test.Good Luck!

Psychopathology

A pattern of emotions, behavior, or thoughts inappropriate to the situation and leading to personal distress.

Hallucinations

False sensory experiences that may suggest mental disorder.

Delusions

Extreme disorders of thinking, incoliving persistent false beliefs. Hallmarks of paranoid disorders.

Affect

A term referring to emotion or mood.

Hippocrates Theory

abnormal behavior has physical causes.

Medical Model

The view that mental disorders are diseases, that, like ordinary physical diseases, have objective physical causes and require specific treatment.

Social-cognitive-behavioral approach

A psychological alternative to the medical model that views psychological disorders through a combination of the social, cognitive, and behavioral perspectives.

Indicators of Abnormality

Distress, Maladaptiveness, Irrationality, Unpredictability, Unconventionality

Distress

Showing unusual or prolonged levels of unease or anxiety.

Irrationality

Talking in ways that are irrational or incomprehensible to others.

Unpredictability

Behaving erratically and inconsistently at different times or from one situation or another, and experiencing loss of control.

Inconventionality

Behaving in ways that are statistically rare and violate social norms of what is legally or morally acceptible.

DSM - IV

The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the most widely accepted of the disorder classification systems.

Neurosis

Before DSM-IV, was used to label distress of self-defeating behavior that did not show any signs of brain abnormalities or grossly irrational thinking.

Psychosis

A disorder involving profound disturbances in perception, rational thinking, or affect.

Mood Disorders

Abnormal disturbances in emotion or mood, including bipolar disorder and unipolar disorder. Also called affective disorders.

Major Depression

A form of depression that does not alternate with mania.

Dysthymia

Mild Depression, most people go through this at some point.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Technically Seasonal Pattern Specifier, mood disorder cause by deprivation of sunlight.

Bipolar Disorder

A mental abnormality involving swings of mood from mania to depression.

Mania

excessive elation or excitement

Anxiety Disorders

Mental problems characterized mainly by anxiety. Include panic disorders, some phobias, and OCD.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

A psychological problem characterized by persistent feelings of anxiety, without external cause.

Panic Disorder

A disturbance marked by panic attacks that have no obvious cause. Victim is usually free of anxiety in between attacks.

Agorophobia

A fear of public places and open spaces, most commonly accompanying panic disorder.

Anticipatory Anxiety

The hit-and-run nature of panic attacks. This causes dread of the next attack, greatly hindering the victim.

Phobia

A group of anxiety disorders involving a pathological fear of a specific object.

Social Phobia

An irratinoal fear of normal social situations.

Preparedness Hypothesis

The notion that we have an innate tendency, aquired through natural selection, to respond quickly to threatening stimuli, passed down from our ancestors.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

A condition characterized by patters of persistent, unwanted thoughts and behaviors.

Somatoform Disorders

Physchological problems appearing in the form of bodily symptoms or physical complaints, such as excessive worry about disease or weakness.

Psychosomatoform Disorder

Mental conditions, especially stress, lead to actual physical disease.

Conversion Disorder

A somatoform disorder marked by paralysis, weakness, or loss of sensation with no physical cause.

Hypochondriasis

A somatoform disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses.

Dissociative Disorder

A group of pathologies involving "fragmentation" of the personality, in which some parts of the person become detatched.

Dissociative Amnesia

Dissociative disorder characterized by the sudden and extensive inability to recall important personal information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature.

Dissociative Fugue

Essentially the same as Dissociative Amnesia, but with the addition of "flight" from ones home.

Depersonalization Disorder

An abnormality involving the sensation that mind and body have separated, as in an out-of-body experience.

Dissociative Identity Disorder

A condition in which an individual displays multiple identities, or personalities. AKA Mulitiple Personality Disorder

Anorexia Nervosa

An eating disorder that involves persistent loss of apetite that stems from emotional or psychological reasons.

Bulimia Nervosa

Binge-and-Purge. An eating disorder identified by eating binges and then induved vomiting or laxatives.

Schizophrenia

A psychotic disorder involving distortions in thoughts, perceptions, and emotions.

Disorganized Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia including incoherent speech, hallucinations, delusions and bizarre behavior.

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia involving a spectrum of motor dysfunctions in two forms. Catatonic Stupor: remaining motionless for hours. Catatonic Excitement: Becoming agitated or hyperactive.

Paranoid Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia including delusions and hallucinations, but no catatonic or incoherent symptoms.

Undifferentiated Schizophrenia

Schizophrenics who do not clearly fit in to any Schizophrenia category.

Residual Schizophrenia

Those who have suffered Schizophrenia in the past but now have no clear symptoms.

Major Tranquillizers

Antipsychotic Drugs

Negative Schizophrenia

Often looks like major depression.

Positive Schizophrenia

Includes active symptoms

Diathesis-Stress Hypothesis

In reference to Schizophrenia, the proposal that says the genetic factors place the individual at risk while environmental stress factors transform these into actual Schizophrenia.

Personality Disorders

Conditions involving chronic, pervasive, inflexible and maladaptive patterns of thinking, emotion, social relationships, or impulse control. (PD)

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Characterized by a grandoise sese of self-importance, fantasies of success or power, and constant need for attention.

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Characterized by long-standing patter of irresponsible behavior indicating a lack of conscience and diminished sense of responsibility.

Borderline Personality Disorder

An unstable personality given to impulsive behavior.

Autism

A developmental disorder marked by disabilities in language, social interaction, and the ability to understand another person's state of mind.

Dyslexia

A reading diablility, thought by some experts to involve a brain disorder.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

A developemental disability involving short attention span, distractability, and extreme difficulty in remaining inactive for any period.

Adjustment Disorder

Psychological Problem involving making choices and dealing with confusion, frustration, and loss. Also called "Other Conditions"

Shyness

A distressing patter of avoiding or withdrawling from social contact.

Insanity

A legal term, not a psychological term, refferring to a person who is unable, beacuse of a mental disorder or defect, to conform his or her behavior to the law.

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