Sociology Exam 3

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What term is used by sociologists to describe a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance?

ethnic group
racial group
social group
reference group

racial group

Characteristics of national origin or distinctive cultural patterns are used primarily by a society to set apart
minority groups.
ethnic groups.
racial groups.
polarization groups.

ethnic groups

A minority group is a group
that is set apart from others because of physical differences.
that is set apart from others because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.
whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant group.
that has reached very moral decisions about a way of life.

whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant group.

In sociological terms, members of a minority group
experience unequal treatment.
have a strong sense of group solidarity.
generally marry others from the same group.
all of these

all of these

Which of the following is not considered a minority group in the U.S.?
Native-American women
African-American men
White men
Jewish-American women

White men

Sociologists have identified five basic properties—unequal treatment, physical or cultural traits, ascribed status, solidarity, and in-group marriage—to describe
minority groups.
racial groups.
ethnic groups.
polarization.

minority groups

In 2100, white non-Hispanics will make up what percentage of the population following the Census estimates?
35%
40%
48%
53%

40%

Which of the following statements about racial groups in the U.S. is true?
Throughout history, many Southern states defined a person as Black, regardless of how s/he looked, if s/he had "only a single drop of Black blood".
Over six million people in the U.S. are multiracial.
The largest multiracial group is of White and Native-American ancestry.
all of these

all of these

Ethnocentrism refers to
a negative attitude toward an entire category of people, such as a racial or ethnic minority.
the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice.
the process by which a person forsakes his or her own cultural tradition to become part of a different culture.
the tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life are superior to all others.

the tendency to assume that one's own culture and way of life are superior to all others.

Racism is defined as
a belief that one race is supreme and that all others are innately inferior.
the tendency of people to respond to and act on the basis of stereotypes.
the systematic killing of an entire people or nation.
the denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice.

a belief that one race is supreme and that all others are innately inferior.

When racism prevails in a society, members of subordinate groups generally experience
exploitation.
prejudice.
discrimination.
all of these

all of these

Which of the following victim statuses may motivate a hate crime?
race/ethnicity
religion
sexual orientation
all of these

all of these

The use of the principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo is referred to as
color-blind racism.
prejudice.
discriminatory racism.
none of these

color-blind racism.

Prejudice is to discrimination as
norm is to value.
attitude is to behavior.
behavior is to attitude.
good is to bad.

attitude is to behavior

An invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of the individual's gender, race, or ethnicity is known as
pluralism.
a glass ceiling.
institutional discrimination.
exploitation theory.

a glass ceiling

Institutional discrimination is the
denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups that results from the normal operations of society.
belief that individuals or groups should be denied equal rights and opportunities.
stereotyping of people who work in public or private institutions.
establishment of laws that intentionally deny opportunities and equal rights to members of minority groups.

denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals or groups that results from the normal operations of society.

The term "racial group" is used to describe a group that is set apart from others because of obvious cultural distinctions.
True
False

False

The "one-drop rule" stipulated that if a person had even a single drop of "Indian blood", that person was viewed as Indian.
True
False

False

In the view of sociologists, the distinction between racial and ethnic minorities is clear-cut.
True
False

False

Which sociological perspective views race from the macrolevel and purports the economic structure as a central factor in the exploitation of minority groups?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

Conflict perspective

An approach to racism which emphasizes that racism keeps minorities in low-paying jobs, thereby supplying the capitalist ruling class with a pool of cheap labor, is based on the work of which classical theorist?
Émile Durkheim
Talcott Parsons
Karl Marx
Auguste Comte

Karl Marx

A sociologist argues that the capitalist ruling class is willing to tolerate high rates of illegal immigration because these immigrants serve as a cheap labor pool. This sociologist is most likely to draw upon
the contact hypothesis.
the anomie theory of deviance.
exploitation theory.
labeling theory.

exploitation theory

The practice of assuming that people who fit certain descriptions are likely to be engaged in illegal activities is referred to as
explanative prejudice.
racial profiling.
institutionalized stereotyping.
contact hypothesis.

racial profiling

Acts of racial profiling are
always illegal.
initiated by law enforcement officers.
opposed by the American public.
opposed by law enforcement officials.

initiated by law enforcement officers.

Interactionists would be concerned about the impact of racial profiling on
young children.
the likelihood of terrorism.
relationships in interracial families.
intergroup relations.

intergroup relations.

Which sociologist suggested that interracial coalitions would most likely reduce racial and ethnic stereotyping and prejudice?
Karl Marx
William Julius Wilson
Robert Blauner
Roscoe Cox

William Julius Wilson

Genocide refers to the process of
combining a majority group and a minority group through intermarriage to form a new group.
expelling a group of people from a territory.
deliberately and systematically killing an entire people or the members of a nation.
forsaking a cultural identity in order to become part of a different culture.

deliberately and systematically killing an entire people or the members of a nation.

The contact hypothesis suggests that if an African-American boss and her Italian employee work together for several years in the same office, they will become more prejudiced toward one another.

False

Which of the following equations represents assimilation?
A + B + C → A
A + B + C = A + B + C
A + B + C = D
none of these

A + B + C → A

Which of the following would be an example of segregation?
Jews and Catholics marrying one another and producing children
interracial marriage
confining Japanese Americans to relocation camps during World War II
all of these

confining Japanese Americans to relocation camps during World War II

Which of the following terms refers to a political philosophy, promoted by many younger Blacks in the 1960s, which supported the creation of Black-controlled political and economic institutions?
Rainbow Coalition
Black Power
civil rights
manifest destiny

Black Power

The civil rights movement of the 1960s had little impact on
school segregation.
housing segregation.
institutional discrimination.
employment segregation.

institutional discrimination.

How many of the recognized Indian tribes are involved in gambling ventures since Congress passed the Indian Gambling Regulatory Act in 1988?
about one-third
about one-half
about three-fourths
all tribes are involved

about one-third

Which of the following group makes up the largest percentage of the Asians and Pacific Islanders group?
Japanese
Chinese
Korean
Asian Indians

Chinese

Which racial or ethnic group has the highest rate of welfare dependency in the U.S.?
African Americans
Hispanics
Southeast Asians
Puerto Ricans

Southeast Asians

Which of the following terms refers to first-generation Japanese immigrants?
Issei
Sansei
Nisei
Cantonese

Issei

Which sociologist did fieldwork on women in the roller derby?
Margaret Mead
Talcott Parsons
Nancy Finley
Arlie Hochschild

Nancy Finley

Expecting a woman to be nuturing would be an example of:
genetic traits
gender roles
homophobia
none of these

gender roles

Which of the following terms refers to expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females?
expressiveness
gender roles
gender schema
instrumentality

gender roles

Which of the following would be a violation of the male gender role?
Playing football
Getting into a fight
Joining a knitting circle
Spitting

Joining a knitting circle

A small body of scholarship suggests that traditional gender roles may be disadvantageous to men in that
in the 1980s, girls were more likely to go to college than boys.
by 2006, women accounted for over 57 percent of college students nationwide.
in 2002, more women than men in the U.S. earned a doctoral degree.
all of these

All of these

Which sociologist discussed the concept and coined the term "multiple masculinities"?
Arlie Hochschild
R.W. Connell
Margaret Mead
Robert Merton

R.W. Connell

In a transgendered person the following is true of gender:
Gender and physical identity match.
Gender and physical identity do not match.
Gender and physical identity are one.
There is no gender present.

Gender and physical identity do not match.

Functionalists would view gender roles in which of the following ways?
Gender roles assist in keeping women oppressed within the family structure.
Gender roles have a bias towards male power.
Gender roles are necessary to keep the family in balance.
All of these

Gender roles are necessary to keep the family in balance.

According to Talcott Parsons and Robert Bales, the expressive role is performed by
men.
women.
children.
whichever adult has a career.

women

Although it does not explicitly endorse traditional gender roles, which sociological perspective implies that dividing tasks between spouses is beneficial for the family unit?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

functionalist perspective

Which perspective suggests that men may originally have become powerful in preindustrial times because their size, physical strength, and freedom from childbearing duties allowed them to dominate women physically, but in contemporary societies such considerations are not so important?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

conflict perspective

Some radical feminist theorists view the oppression of women in male-dominated societies as
retribution.
inevitable.
hyperreactive.
merely a falsity.

inevitable

Which sociological perspective has influenced the creation of the feminist perspective the most?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

conflict perspective

Who argued that women's subjugation coincided with the rise of private property during industrialization?
Friedrich Engels
Ralf Dahrendorf
Talcott Parsons
Robert Bales

Friedrich Engels

Which sociological perspective emphasizes that patterns of male dominance in cross-sex conversations that express themselves in day-to-day exchanges represent one more battleground in the struggle for gender equality as women try to get a word in edgewise?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

interactionist perspective

Which sociologist coined the term "matrix of domination"?
Patricia Hill Collins
Karl Marx
bell hooks
Ida Wells-Barnett

Patricia Hill Collins

Which of the following would be included in the matrix of domination?
gender
race
social class
all of these

all of these

Which of the following images is commonly used by the media to portray Black women?
illiterates
welfare queens
prostitutes
all of these

all of these

Which of the following would be an example of men traditionally "doing masculinity"?
opening a door for a female
styling hair
feeding a baby
crying in public

opening a door for a female

Which of the following statements is true?
In 2009, six of the nation's 50 states had a female governor.
Justice Sandra Day O'Connor and Janet Reno are the only females to have ever been members of the U.S. Supreme Court.
Only one woman, Hillary Rodham Clinton, has ever been a candidate for Vice President of the U.S.
In 2009, nearly 65 percent of the House of Representatives were comprised of women.

In 2009, six of the nation's 50 states had a female governor.

Muslim countries are exceedingly varied and complex and do not often fit the stereotypes created by the Western media.
True
False

True

The overwhelming majority of people begin with a definite sex and quickly receive societal messages about how to behave.
True
False

True

Most people do not display strictly "masculine" or "feminine" qualities all the time.
True
False

True

The ideology that one sex is superior to the other is known as
sexual harassment.
sexism.
sex stratification.
gender identity.

Sexism

A scientific company lays off employees by seniority. The majority of the female employees had been hired in the last 10 years and were educated as part of the push to get more females into math and sciences. This would be an example of
instrumentality.
expressiveness.
institutional discrimination.
pluralism.

institutional discrimination.

Women do the majority of housework in which of the following?
The richest countries
The poorest countries
All countries
Housework is equal in all countries

All countries

Which of the following statements about the status of women throughout the world is true?
Women grow half the world's food, but they rarely own land.
Women constitute one-third of the world's paid labor force, but are generally found in the lowest paying jobs.
Single-parent households headed by women are typically found in the poorest sections of the population.
all of these

All of these

If a male physician earned $140,000 in 2004, his female counterpart is compensated how much for the same work?
$128,000
$115,000
$100,000
$88,000

88,000

Women earn what percent of every dollar a man earns?
95 percent
90 percent
85 percent
80 percent

80

Though male nurses, grade school teachers, and librarians may experience some scorn in the larger society, within the position
they are also scorned.
they earn the same as women.
they are automatically "better".
they more encouraged to become administrators.

they more encouraged to become administrators.

Which of the following terms refers to an advantage that men have when employed in female-dominated occupations?
glass ceiling
glass escalator
crystal stairs
transparent ascension

Glass escalator

The "second shift", which refers to the double burden borne by many women—work outside the home followed by child care and housework—was the subject of analysis by
Letty Cottin Pogrebin.
Heidi Hartmann.
Susan Shaw.
Arlie Hochschild.

Arlie Hochschild.

Where was the feminist movement born in the U.S.?
Philadelphia, PA
Seneca Falls, NY
Akron, OH
Minneapolis, MN

Seneca Falls, NY

Which amendment gave women the right to vote in national elections?
10th amendment
14th amendment
19th amendment
22nd amendment

19th amendment

In what year did women win the right to vote in national elections?
1865
1895
1920
1945

1920

57 percent of women considered themselves feminists in 1987. What percent considered themselves feminists in 2001?
25 percent
35 percent
45 percent
55 percent

25%

Which Supreme Court decision granted women the right to terminate pregnancies?
Brown v. Topeka
Roe v. Wade
Smith v. Allwright
Wood v. Lovett

Roe v. Wade

Which of the following countries have outlawed all forms of abortion including procedures performed to save a pregnant woman's life?
Chile
El Salvador
East Timor
all of these

All of these

Which sociological perspective views the closure of clinics that would perform abortions in rural areas another instance of an extra financial burden and possible deterrent for lower income women to have an abortion due to the extra expense of traveling to an out-of-town clinic as their best option?
functionalist
conflict
interactionist
feminist

conflict

Latin American countries generally have the strictest measures against the practice of abortion.
True
False

True

Taking into account age, education, marital status, children, occupational specialization, work experience, and hours worked in a year reduced the pay gap between men and women by only 3 cents.
True
False

True

Worldwide, women hold about 10 percent of corporate managerial positions.
True
False

False

Members of Congress have successfully blocked foreign aid to countries that might use the funds to encourage abortion.
True
False

True

Which of the following is correct regarding age?
Age is a socially constructed ascribed status.
Age is considered an achieved status.
The status of age is not socially constructed much like race or gender.
all of these

Age is a socially constructed ascribed status.

Which trait(s) of a minority group can also be used to characterize the elderly?
They possess physical characteristics that distinguish them from younger people.
They experience unequal treatment in employment and may face prejudice and discrimination.
Membership in this group is involuntary.
all of these

All of these

The elderly are categorized as a subordinate group or minority because
membership in the group is involuntary.
older United States citizens have a strong sense of group solidarity.
older people experience unequal treatment in employment and may face prejudice and discrimination.
all of these

All of these

hat age do people have to be in order for writers to commonly refer to them as "young old"?
50s
60s
70s
80s

60s

Gerontology is
rule by the elderly.
the scientific study of the sociological and psychological aspects of aging and the problems of the aged.
a religious cult that worships the aged.
a religion formed in Florida that is practiced exclusively by the aged.

the scientific study of the sociological and psychological aspects of aging and the problems of the aged.

The functionalist perspective maintains that
once people are labeled as "old" in the United States, this designation will have a major impact on how they are perceived and how they view themselves.
elderly people are unfairly regulated by the powerful elements in society.
elderly people passing social roles on from one generation to another ensure social stability.
more than one of these

elderly people passing social roles on from one generation to another ensure social stability.

Which sociologists were responsible for developing the disengagement theory?
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross and Richard Kalish
Elaine Cumming and William Henry
Talcott Parsons and Robert Merton
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

Elaine Cumming and William Henry

In analyzing the elderly as a minority, one crucial difference between older people and other subordinate groups is that
old people are not the objects of prejudice and discrimination.
membership is not involuntary.
if we live long enough, we will all become members of this minority.
old people do not marry members of their own group.

if we live long enough, we will all become members of this minority.

Disengagement theory is a
functionalist theory of aging, which contends that elderly people who remain active will be best-adjusted.
conflict theory of aging, which argues that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships.
functionalist theory of aging, which argues that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships.
theory of United States withdrawal from international involvement.

functionalist theory of aging, which argues that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships.

Activity theory is a(an)
functionalist theory of aging, which contends that elderly people who remain active will be best-adjusted.
conflict theory of aging, which argues that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships.
functionalist theory of aging, which argues that society and the aging individual mutually sever many of their relationships.
interactionist theory of aging, which argues that elderly people who remain active will be best-adjusted.

interactionist theory of aging, which argues that elderly people who remain active will be best-adjusted.

Which theory of aging stresses the fact that old people have essentially the same need for social interaction as middle-aged people?
disengagement theory
activity theory
conflict theory
labeling theory

activity theory

Unlike race or gender, age is not socially constructed.
True
False

False

All societies have some system of age stratification and associate certain social roles with distinct periods in life.
True
False

True

Conflict theorists have suggested that the transition from agricultural economies to industrialization and capitalism has always been beneficial for the elderly.
True
False

False

Approximately what percent of the world's population is age 65 and older?
2.5
8.0
12.3
18.4

8.0

Which country is considered "the oldest" compared to the U.S. from statistics available?
Sweden
Japan
Spain
Greece

Japan

A midlife crisis is best defined as
a period of stressful self-evaluation experienced by men and women that begins around 50 years of age.
a period in which men, not women, realize that they have not achieved basic life goals and ambitions and have little time to do so.
the second transitional period experienced by men and women, according to Daniel Levinson.
all of these

the second transitional period experienced by men and women, according to Daniel Levinson.

The sandwich generation occurs when
children insist on having peanut butter and jelly sandwiches for school lunch every day.
adults try to meet the competing demands of their parents and their own children.
adults realize that their parents have died and that they are now the oldest generation.
more than one of these

adults try to meet the competing demands of their parents and their own children.

Which one of the following is NOT a phase of the retirement experience as outlined by Robert Atchley?
disenchantment phase
disengagement phase
termination phase
reorientation phase

disengagement phase

Which of the following would best fit the definition of a NORC?
A nursing home set up to resemble an apartment living situation
A planned retirement village in Florida where only those 65+ can live.
An assisted living facility that offers various stages of assistance.
A community in Arizona where many 65 + people have relocated to due to the nice weather and multiple facilities that cater to their needs.

A community in Arizona where many 65 + people have relocated to due to the nice weather and multiple facilities that cater to their needs.

Which sociologist noted that dying people pass through stages of denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance on their journey to death?
Richard Kalish
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
Helen Rose Fuchs Ebaugh
Robert Atchley

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross

Which practice was first introduced in London, England in the 1960s?
hospice care
euthanasia
senilicide
credit counseling for the elderly

hospice care

Anticipatory socialization for retirement is most systematic for White men, since they have most likely participated in a formal retirement preparation program.
True
False

True

People over 100 are considered:
An anomaly
A drain on the social system
Proportionately, the fastest-growing age group
All of these

anomaly

Which of these racial and ethnic groups has the longest life expectancy?
Whites
Asian Americans
Hispanics
African Americans

whites

The minority aged population is expected to:
Decline in the next 40 years
Increase in the next 40 years
Remain constant over the next 40 years
None of these

Increase in the next 40 years

Which of the following statements is NOT correct in terms of wealth and income among elderly persons?
There is significant variation in wealth and poverty among the nation's older people.
Older people as a group are homogeneous and poor.
Middle-class workers tend to remain better-off as they retire compared to lower-class workers.
all of these

Older people as a group are homogeneous and poor.

Social Security provides what proportion of income for people in the United States?
81 percent
59 percent
39 percent
21 percent

39%

Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that elderly minority women experience a double burden regarding income levels compared to non-Hispanic Whites?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

conflict

The poverty level for older non-Hispanic whites was 6.8%. What is the percentage for older African Americans?
8.4%
12%
16.8%
18.2%

18.2%

Poverty seems to impact which of the following groups the most?
Non-Hispanic whites
African Americans
Latinos
There is no difference by race or ethinicity.

African Americans

By old age, by what ratio do women outnumber men?
2:1
3:2
5:2
they don't, men outnumber women

3:2

Ageism is defined as the
prejudicial and discriminatory behavior directed against the elderly.
reflection of a deep uneasiness among young and middle-aged people about growing old.
domination and control by the elderly.
none of these

prejudicial and discriminatory behavior directed against the elderly.

The federal Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) does which of the following?:
Protects those over 30 from being fired due to age and replaced with younger, cheaper employees.
Protects those over 40 from being fired due to age and replaced with younger, cheaper employees.
Protects those under 30 from being fired due to age and replaced with older, cheaper employees.
Protects those under 18 from being fired due to age.

Protects those over 40 from being fired due to age and replaced with younger, cheaper employees.

Federal courts have upheld the practice of
discriminating against elderly people.
firing people simply because they are old.
laying off older workers for economic reasons.
all of these

laying off older workers for economic reasons.

The "act of bringing about the death of a hopelessly ill and suffering person in a relatively quick and painless way for reasons of mercy" is called
active euthanasia.
euthanasia.
activity theory.
gerontology.

euthanasia.

Florida currently has the highest proportion of elderly people in the United States.
True
False

True

Conflict theorists are interested in asking questions about the values raised by decisions involving physician assisted suicides.
True
False

True

A woman and her husband, her children, her parents, her mother-in-law, her sister, a parakeet, two Irish setters, a cow, and five chickens live together on a farm in the Midwest. This is an example of a
city.
community.
family.
nuclear family.

Family

A married couple and their unmarried children living together constitute a(an)
nuclear family.
extended family.
matrilocal family.
patrilocal family.

nuclear family.

Which of the following is considered an extended family?
a college sorority
the Arapesh tribe of New Guinea
Beverly, her husband Bob, and their two children, Barry and Bonnie
a married couple, their children, and the husband's sister all living together in the same home

a married couple, their children, and the husband's sister all living together in the same home

Monogamy refers to a form of marriage in which
one woman and one man are married only to each other.
a woman may have several husbands at the same time.
a man may have several wives at the same time.
two men or two women are married only to each other.

one woman and one man are married only to each other.

Under which marital form can a woman have several husbands at the same time?
monogamy
polygamy
polygyny
polyandry

polyandry

Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that polyandrous cultures devalue the social worth of women?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
ethnocentric perspective

conflict perspective

Which of the following statements about family systems is correct?
Only about one-third of families in the U.S. are nuclear in composition.
The practice of polygamy steadily declined throughout the twentieth century.
Polyandrous cultures devalue the social worth of women.
all of these

All of these

What is the difference between a family and a kin group?
The family is a household unit, and kin do not always live together.
Kin is a household unit, but a family does not always live together.
Family units include aunts and uncles, but a kin group does not.
Kin groups and families are identical.

The family is a household unit, and kin do not always live together.

A matriarchy is a society in which
women hold greater authority than men.
women hold no authority at all.
men hold greater authority than women.
women and men hold equal amounts of authority.

women hold greater authority than men.

In which type of society do women hold greater authority than men?
a matriarchy
a patrilineal society
a neolocal society
an egalitarian society

a matriarchy

Friedrich Engels, a colleague of Karl Marx, noted that
the family is the ultimate source of social inequality.
there are six paramount functions of the family.
80 percent of the 565 societies that he studied had some type of polygamy.
there are six stations of divorce, but the most important is the economic station.

the family is the ultimate source of social inequality.

Which of the following would be of interest to a conflict theorist?
a matriarchal family system
a patriarchal family system
how a new couple decides who will make family decisions
all of these

all of these

Which sociological perspective would suggest that social change has influenced the family in that many traditional family activities, such as education, have been assumed by other social institutions?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
anomie perspective

functionalist

Which sociological perspective would be likely to suggest that family decision making reflects the inequality of traditional gender stratification in which men have held a dominant position over women?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
labeling perspective

conflict perspective

Which sociological perspective would argue that the U.S. family contributes to social injustice and denies women opportunities that are commonly extended to men?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

conflict

Feminists suggest that laws in the U.S. traditionally viewed wives and children as the property of the husband. This view reflects the concerns of which sociological perspective?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

conflict

Polygyny is a social system in which women may have several husbands and in which women are more powerful than men.
True
False

False

Polyandry, a system in which women may have several husbands, is an example—albeit a rare one—of a social order in which women are more powerful than men.
True
False

False

In 2008, what was the median age for a woman in the U.S. at the time of her first marriage?
19.3
22.7
24.2
26.3

26.3

The requirement that individuals select mates from outside certain groups is known as
exogamy.
hypergamy.
endogamy.
homogamy.

exogamy

The term "incest taboo" refers to
the prohibition of sexual relationships between certain culturally specified relatives.
the prohibition of marriage between close relatives and neighbors.
the requirement, in some cultures, of having one's sexual initiation occur within the safe confines of a family relationship.
not having sex with neighbors or business associates.

the prohibition of sexual relationships between certain culturally specified relatives.

In most states in the U.S., an individual is not permitted to marry a parent, a sibling, an aunt or an uncle, a grandparent, or a first or second cousin. These rules reflect our societal emphasis on
the incest taboo.
endogamy.
exogamy.
both the incest taboo and exogamy.

both the incest taboo and exogamy.

n the U.S., endogamous rules stressed by many groups include marriage within
one's own racial, ethnic and religious group.
one's own family group.
one's own sexual group.
all of these

one's own racial, ethnic and religious group.

The feminization of poverty refers to:
The disproportionate representation of women in the workforce.
The disproportionate representation of female-headed households among the poor.
The disproportionate representation of male-headed households among the poor.
The disproportionate representation of females in professional-level jobs.

The disproportionate representation of female-headed households among the poor.

According to your text women play a significant role in the economic support of the family:
When the family is among the poor.
When the family has no children.
When the family is affluent.
Never

When the family is among the poor.

Which of the following statements about the connection between love and marriage is not correct?
The connection between love and marriage is a cultural universal.
The connection between love and marriage is unknown in many cultures.
Parents and the bride always have a say in who she marries across cultures.
Most couples in arranged marriages are expected to find love after the legal union is formalized, if at all.

The connection between love and marriage is a cultural universal.

Overall single parent families are:

on the rise
on the decline
remaining consistent
none of these

on the rise

The process that allows for the transfer of the legal rights, responsibilities, and privileges of parenthood to a new legal parent or parents is referred to as
functions of the family.
fostering.
adoption.
cohabitation.

adoption

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to point out that policymakers have both a humanitarian and a financial stake in promoting adoption?
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective

functionalist

Which of the following factors has contributed to the rise of dual-income families in the U.S.?
economic need
transient jobs
females pursuing their career
all of these

all of these

What percentage of couples in the US will marry, divorce and remarry over the course of a lifetime?
20%
35%
45%
60%

45%

Which of the following statements concerning stepfamilies is correct?
Children raised by stepmothers are likely to have less health care, education, and money spent on their food than children raised by biological mothers.
The well-being of children in stepfamilies is better, on average, than that of children in single-parent households.
Studies suggest most stepmothers are evil.
all of these

Children raised by stepmothers are likely to have less health care, education, and money spent on their food than children raised by biological mothers.

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