Something that is itself and also stands for something else; as the letters apple form a word that stands for a particular objective realit; or as a flag is a piece of colored cloth that stands for a country.
the use of one object to represent or suggest another
An assigned or established meaning for some arbitrary symbol, a prearranged set of rules for converting messages from one sign system into another
the name of the symbol used to indivate a long syllable in quantitative verse
the name of the symbol used to indicate a short syllable in the scansion of quantitative verse and an unstressed syllable in accentual-syllabic verse
Figures of Speech
The various uses of language that depart from customary construction, order, or significance. There are two kinds: rhetorical and TROPES
the incongrous mingling of one figure of speech with another immediately following
intentional departure from teh normal order, contruction, or meaning of words; figures of speech.
A simple element that serves as a basis for expanded narrative; a conventional situation, device, interest, or incident
A figure that endows animals, ideas, abstractions, and inanimate objects with human form; the representing of imaginary creatures or things as having human personalities, intelligence, and emotions
Another term for personificatoin
The ascription of human characteristics to nonhuman objects
A phrase coined by Ruskin to denote the tendency to credit nature with human emotions.
having exemplary persons, actual or fictional but usually quite dead, return from the grave to tell us what they had never said before.
A brief reference to an historical or literary figure, event, or object
The name of a person so commonly associated with some widely recognized attribute that the name comes to stand for the attribute
A figure of speech in which a proper name is substituted for a general idea that it represents, as in "Some mute, inglorious Milton here may rest" where Milton is used for poet.
A figure of speech in which someone (usually but not always absent), some abstract quality, or a nonexistent personage is directly addressed as though present
A figure in which a similarity between two objects is directly expressed using the words like or as in the comparison
An elaborated comparison, involved and ornate, in a conscious imitation of the Homeric manner. Homeric Simile
An analogy identifying one object with another and ascribing to the first object one or more of the qualities of the second
A figure of speech used so long that it is taken in its denotative sense only without the conscious comparison to a physical object it once conveyed
The immediate subject of a metaphor
A metaphor that relates to our sense of the relative dignity, complexity, and rarity of something
A type of poetic metaphor; a fanciful notion expressed through an elaborate analogy and pointing to a striding parallel between ostensibly dissimilar things. There are two kinds: Petrarchan and Metaphysical
In love poems, the person is compared to an object
Exploits verbal logic to the point of the Grotesque and achieves extravagant turns on meaning so that it becomes absurd.
A figure of speech in which bare expressions, likely to be ignored, misunderstood, or underestimated becaus of bluntness, are emphasized through restatement with additional detail.
Assignment of something to a time when it was not in existence
An anticipating; the type of anachronism in which an event is pictured as taking place before it could
Something that is analogous to or like another given thing. A word in one language corresponding with one in another.
A Pause or break in a line of verse
A metrical term for the situation where the pause in a line of verse falls at the end of a foot, now called a caesura.
A concrete representation of a sensory experience or of an object that can be known by one or more of the senses.
The collection of images in a literary work; a trope or figure of speech
An image or metaphor that runs througout and determines the form or nature of a literary work
Images from teh subconscoius, dreams, hallucinations, or fantasies
A controlling figure around which a work is organized
A comparison of two things, alike in certain aspects, so that something unfamiliar is explained or described by comparing it to something more familiar.
The state of having more than one meaning with resultant uncertainty as to the intended significance of the statement
Amiguity that results from the capacity of words to stimulate several different streams of thought
A term applied to statements capable of two different meanings; a kind of ambiguity
The existence of mutually conlicting feelings or attitudes
A form of circumlocution in which the truth is spoken in a way that tends to deceive or mislead. Like a riddle
A statement that is deliberately ambiguous, one of whose possible meaning is risque or suggestive of some impropriety
An indirect, abstract, roundabout method of stating ideas; the application of the old conviction that the longest way 'round is the shortest way home.
A figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words, clauses, sentences, or ideas.
A broad term referring to the recognition of a reality different from appearance
A form of irony, a pretended refusal that is insincere or hypocritical
irony, the satirical or humurous use of a word or phrase to convey an idea exactly opposite to its real significance.
A difficulty, impasse, or point of doubt and indecision
A device in which indirectness replaces directness of statement, usually in an effort to avoid offensiveness
The opposite of euphemism. Starts with a neutral work and moves to an offensive one. Die (neutral), pass away (euphemism), croak (dysphemism).
Belittlement by using a low term such as "union card" for "doctoral degree" OR using exaggeration in parts of a description
Distinguishing two meanings of the same word or euphemistic replacement of a negative word with something more pleasant.
A tendency toward morbid exaggeration or distortion; the aggrandizement and hyperbole prevalent in sonnets and in epics
Figure of speech in which the literal sense of what is said falls detectably short of the magnitude of what is being talked about
A form of understatement in whch a thing is affirmed by stating the negative of its opposite
intentional understatement for humurous or satiric effect
Words that by their sound suggest their meaning: hiss, buzz, whirr, and sizzle
A self-contradictory combination of words or smaller verbal units such as jumbo-shrimp
A statement that although seemingly contradictory or absurd, may actually be well founded or true
Associatoin opposite things, like oxymoron and paradox
A caustic and bitter expression of strong disapproval. Sarcasm is personal, jeering, intended to hurt.
A figure of speech involving a turn or change of sense -- the use of a wird in sense other than the literal
A trope in which a part signifies the whole or the whole signifies the part. Threads for clothes or wheels for car.
The substitution of the name of an object closely associated with a word for the word itself. We commonly speak of the monarch as the crown, an object closely associated with royalty thus being made to stand for it.
In rhetoric an unusual arrangement of words in which their literal sense is not modified.
A piling up of items, as in the line "Painted emulsion os snow, eggs, yarn, coal, manure.
Confusion, as of words poured out on a page
Figure of speech in which an idea is expressed by giving two components as though they were independent and connecting them with a coordinating conjuction rather than subordinating one to the other.
Figure of speech in which an epithet is moved from the proximate to the less proximate of a group of nouns.
Figure of speech in which normal sentence order is transposed or rearranged in a major way
Latter before; a figure of speech in which what should logically come last comes first.