Hygiene

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49 terms · ATI Hygiene

Activities of Daily Living (ADLs)

tasks performed routinely during the course of a typical day, such as walking, eating, bathing, brushing the teeth, and grooming

Adaptation

adjustment to changes in circumstances such as those resulting from illness or disability

Alopecia

hair loss

Tinea Pedis

Athlete's Foot. a chronic superficial fungal infection of the skin of the feet, typically between the toes

Buccal

pertaining to or directed toward the bucca (cheek), the fleshy portion of the side of the face that makes up the lateral wall of the oral cavity

Callus

a thickening of or a hard thickened area on skin

Canthus

the angular junction of the eyelids at either corner of the eye

Cheilosis

manifestation of vitamin B complex deficiency characterized by reddened lips with fissures at the angles of the mouth

Closed Bed

a bed prepared in a hospital room with the top sheet, blanket, and bedspread drawn up to the head of the mattress under the pillows

Corn

often painful and inflamed circumscribed lesion of thickened skin, usually on the toes and caused by pressure or friction from ill-fitting shoes

Cuticle

the narrow band of epidermis extending from the nail wall onto the nail surface

Dental Caries

tooth decay

Dental Plaque

a sticky film accumulating on the teeth that is formed by and harbors bacteria; also called tartar

Drawsheet

linen item placed under the patient's torso and used to lift and reposition the patient

Excoriation

skin abrasion typically resulting from scratching

Expectorate

to expel fluid or secretions from the mouth, throat, or lungs by coughing and/or spitting

Fanfolding

applying the proximal half of a piece of linen in successive layers lengthwise for the purpose of tucking it under the patient and rolling the patient over it while stripping or making an occupied bed

Fissure

a break, slit, or tear in soft tissue, often at the junction of skin and mucous membrane

Foreskin

fold of skin covering the glans penis (head) of an uncircumcised penis; also called prepuce

Gingiva

the part of the oral mucosa covering the tooth-bearing border of the jaw; also called gums (plural: gingivae)

Gingivitis

inflammation of the gums characterized by redness, swelling, and intermittent bleeding

Halitosis

bad breath

Hygiene

personal maintenance of cleanliness

Hypoallergenic

unlikely to cause an allergic (hypersensitivity) response

Incontinence

involuntary release of urine from the bladder or feces via the anus

Incontinent Pad

disposable material with waterproof backing placed under a patient's buttocks to contain body fluids

Ingrown Toenail

painful condition in which the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh of that toe

Labia

folds of skin on either side of the vaginal orifice

Lunula

active area of nailbed growth at the base of the fingernails and toenails

Maceration

softening or dissolution of tissue after lengthy exposure to fluid

Mucosa

the moist inner lining of various tubular structures, including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines

Neuropathy

any of numerous disturbances or pathologic changes in the peripheral nervous system, most often affecting sensation

NPO

nothing by mouth, derived from the Latin words nil per os

Open Bed

a bed prepared in a hospital room with the top covers folded back to make it easy for the patient to get into the bed

Palate

the roof of the mouth separating the mouth from the nasal cavity, comprised of the hard palate (in the front of the mouth, separating cavities of the mouth and the nose) and the soft palate (the fleshy portion that separates the mouth from the pharynx)

Pediculosis

lice infestation

Perineum

area between the anus and the posterior portion of the external genitalia

Periodontal

surrounding or near a tooth

Periodontitis

inflammation or degeneration of the tissues surrounding the teeth

Plantar Wart

a skin lesion on the sole of the foot typically caused by any of the human papillomaviruses

Sebaceous Gland

oil-secreting organ of the skin

Sebum

fatty lubricant secreted by the skin's sebaceous glands

Semi-Fowler's Position

position with the head of the bed raised approximately 30 degrees

Smegma

thick, cheesy secretion that accumulates under the labia minora or the male foreskin

Sordes

foul brown crusts or accumulations of food, microorganisms, and epithelial elements on the teeth and lips, usually associated with a febrile or gastrointestinal disorder

Stomatitis

any inflammatory disorder of the mouth

Tartar

a sticky film accumulating on the teeth that is formed by and harbors bacteria; also called dental plaque

Thrush

a fungal infection in the mouth and/or throat caused by Candida albicans and manifesting as white patches and ulcers

Urethra

a narrow tube through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body

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