5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Anna Gillingham (1878-1964)
- Norman Geschwind, MD (1926-1984)
- Katrina de Hirsch (1903-1996)
- Jeanne Chall
- Priscilla L. Vail
- a Frankfort-born protege of Samuel Orton. Worked in the Language Disorder Clinic Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center New York. Contributed to the understanding of developmental language disabilities, particularly in the areas of neurophysiological immaturity, the cluttering syndrome, the prediction of reading failure, and normal language development. Co-author with Jeanette Jansky of "Presenting Reading Failure" (1972)
- b Teacher, author. Her work centered on the identification of different learning styles and their accommodation in the regular classroom, small groups and individual work.
- c Psychologist and professor emerita at Harvard's Graduate School of Education. Among the first to describe learning to read as a developmental process and to advocate for the use of both phonics and exposure to challenging literature as the best method of teaching young children to read. She produced the definitive study of reading instruction in her 1967 book, "Learning to Read: the Great Debate". In the weeks before she died she completed work on her book: "The Academic Achievement Challenge: What Really Works in Classrooms". Founded the Harvard Reading Laboratory in 1966.
- d Neurologist, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, MA. "Split brain" theory, hemispheric specialization, etiology (causation or origination) of dyslexia. Wrote 1961 report with Kaplan on first modern case of the disconnection, or "split-brain" syndrome in humans.
- e Educator and psychologist. Introduced, compiled and published a systematic and orderly approach of categorizing and teaching set of 70 phonograms, single letters and letter pairs representing the 44 phonemes of English. Trained teachers and worked with Dr. Orton.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Practitioner, writer, author. Developed a series of controlled readers for dyslexics; writes information pamphlets for IDA.
- Educator, New York. Served as director of professional services of the New Yor-based National Center for Learning Disabilities.
- Education researcher, sociologist, psychologist, writer. Author of a study called "Dyslexia Over the Lifespan which followed the lives/careers of 56 dyslexic boys and concluded that with proper instruction, they could lead fulfilling lives and have successful careers. Co-founder of the Jemicy School.
- Alphabetic Phonics. Texas
- Teacher of children & teachers, researcher. Student and professional "heir" to Anna Gillingham.
5 True/False questions
Beth Slingerland (1900-1989) → Teacher, tutor, teacher educator. Classroom O-G instruction developed while in Punahou School in Hawaii.. Slingerland Screening Tests for identifying children with specific language disability (grades 1-6).
Ramalda Spalding → The Spalding Method, diagnostic, total language arts instruction. "The Writing Road to Reading".
Samuel T. Orton, MD (1879-1946), → Professor of psychology at the University of California at LA. Developed a kinesthetic approach involving writing in the air and tracing words in large written or scripted format, while simultaneously saying the names and sounds of the letters. The Fernald Method.
C. Wilson Anderson, Jr. → Teacher, author, producer of videos and computer programs. Well known for his ability to translate theory into practical and common sense strategies which produce the desired educational results.
Lauretta Bender (1897-1987) → Child neuropsychiatrist. Worked at Bellevue Hospital in NYC 1930-1956. Creator of the Bender-Gestalt test. The test is typically among the top five tests used by clinical psychologists. It measures perceptual motor skills, perceptual motor development and gives an indication of neurological intactness. It has been used as a personality test and a test of emotional problems.