Which of the following was the most broadly based labor organization in the late nineteenth century?
A. American Federation of Labor
B. Knights of Labor
C. The Grange
D. Congress of International Organizations
E. Industrial Workers of the World
The Seneca Falls "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions" dealt with
A. abolition of slavery
B. colonial opposition to British taxes
C. working conditions for children in factories
D. the concern of farmers over railroad rates
E. women's rights
The principle of separate but equal facilities for blacks and whites was set down in
A. the Dred Scott decision
B. Bakke v. Board of Regents
C. Brown v. Board of Education
D. Plessy v. Ferguson
E. Roe v. Wade
All of the following statements about indentured servitude in colonial America are true EXCEPT
A. indentured servants were primarily young men
B. indentured servants provided most of the labor in tobacco cultivation in the seventeenth century
C. indentured servants could not be sold as property
D. indentured servants came primarily from the unemployed and lower classes
E. indentured servants were replaced by black slaves in the southern colonies by the early eighteenth century
Woodrow Wilson won the presidency in 1912 largely because
A. there was broad support for his New Freedom program
B. he promised to keep the United States out of a European war
C. he received the endorsement of the Socialist party
D. the Republican vote was split between William H. Taft and Theodore Roosevelt
E. the political bosses in the cities paid recent immigrants to vote twice
The mood of the "Beat Generation" is best reflected in which of the following?
A. Jack Kerouac's On the Road
B. J.D. Salinger's Catcher in the Rye
C. F. Scott Fitzgerald's This Side of Paradise
D. James Joyce's Ulysses
E. Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman
The Virginia Resolves
A. declared Virginia's secession from the Union
B. created the House of Burgesses
C. protested against the Stamp Act of 1765
D. put forward Virginia's claim to western lands
E. stated the Loyalist position during the American Revolution
The fear of left-wing subversion during the 1920s was reflected in the
A. America First Committee
B. trial of Sacco and Vanzetti
C. Scopes trial
D. Palmer raids
E. Army-McCarthy hearings
The "Trail of Tears" refers to
A. the removal of the Cherokees and other Native American tribes to Oklahoma
B. the difficulties new immigrants faced in getting to the U.S.
C. the migration of freed slaves to the North after the Civil War
D. child labor in nineteenth-century factories
E. conditions on slave ships coming to the colonies in the seventeenth century
Middle-class concern for the conditions of the working class in a period of rapid industrialization and urbanization was shown in all of the following EXCEPT
A. Social Gospel
B. Salvation Army
C. settlement house movement
D. Social Darwinism
E. Young Men's Christian Association
According to the information in the above table, the worst year of the Depression was
The most likely explanation for the decline in unemployment between 1940 and 1941
A. the New Deal public works projects
B. that fewer people were looking for jobs
C. mobilization of industry for World War II
D. that more women were going into the labor market
E. the 1940 presidential election
Which of the following historians is most closely associated with the idea that economic factors have shaped American history?
A. Frederick Jackson Turner
B. William Bradford
C. Charles Beard
D. Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.
E. Alfred Thayer Mahan
The first proprietary colony was
D. Massachusetts Bay
E. New Amsterdam
Which of the following was the LEAST significant factor in the demand for restrictions on immigration from 1880 to 1924?
A. immigrants were a threat to jobs of American workers
B. immigrants could not assimilate into American society
C. immigrants were radicals and a threat to the government
D. immigrants were racially inferior to Anglo-Saxons
E. immigrants owed loyalty to the Pope
Gerald Ford's main liability in the 1976 presidential election was
A. his inexperience in foreign policy
B. the Republican party's position on civil rights
C. the war in Vietnam
D. the Watergate scandal
E. his support for a national health-insurance plan
Which of the following was NOT a reason given by FDR in his attempt to "pack" the Supreme Court?
A. he believed he had a mandate after the 1936 election
B. most Supreme Court justices were interpreting the Constitution too broadly
C. he wanted to ease the work load of the Court's oldest members
D. most of the Supreme Court justices were conservative
E. the Court was declaring too many New Deal programs unconstitutional
The Compromise of 1850 provided a concession to the South by
A. allowing slavery in New Mexico and Utah
B. permitting the slave trade to continue in the District of Columbia
C. having slavery in Nebraska and Kansas determined by popular sovereignty
D. creating a new Fugitive Slave Law
E. determining how new states would be admitted to the Union
Dorothea Dix is most closely associated with which are of social reform in the first half of the nineteenth century?
B. women's rights
C. the settlement house movement
E. prisons and asylums
The income tax amendment to the Constitution adopted in 1913
A. applied the same tax rate to all incomes
B. redistributed wealth from the rich to the poor
C. recovered revenue lost by reducing the tariff
D. paid for the social0welfare programs of the Wilson administration
E. was repealed at the beginning of the Depression
The U.N. was able to provide military assistance to South Korean in 1950 because
A. the USSR opposed the North Korean invasion of South Korea
B. the USSR boycotted the session of the Security Council at which the decision was made
C. the U.S. outvoted the USSR
D. the General Assembly approved the decision
E. other nations in Southeast Asia pledged their support
Which of the following statements about the Emancipation Proclamation is NOT accurate?
A. it immediately freed all slaves living in the U.S.
B. it freed slaves only in the Confederacy or in areas of active rebellion
C. it led to the creation of all-black units in the Union Army
D. it was issued, in part, because slave labor was helping the Confederate cause
E. it gave the North a moral reason for continuing the war
The Pendleton Act was enacted in response to
A. efforts to raise tariffs on imported cloth
B. the assassination of President Garfield
C. protests against civil service examinations
D. complaints about currency deflation
E. the loss of public support for both major political parties
According to the Proclamation of 1763,
A. colonial militiamen were required to put down Pontiac's Rebellion
B. colonial paper money could not be printed
C. contact between colonials and Native Americans was strictly forbidden
D. settlers were prohibited from crossing the Appalachians
E. speculators were allowed to purchase certain lands from the trans-Appalachian tribes
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 represented a significant change in policy because it
A. ended the government's allotment policy
B. divided Native American lands into individual plots
C. weakened the legal basis for tribal sovereignty
D. undercut existing barriers to the exploitation of Native Americans
E. expanded the role of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
The term "scalawag" was used to describe
A. homeless, unemployed freedmen in the South
B. former plantation owners who had lost their lands
C. native white Southerners who cooperated with Northern Republicans
D. Union soldiers who occupied the South during Reconstruction
E. Northerners who came to the postwar South to take lucrative federal appointments
Which of the following is a direct social change brought about by the American Revolution?
A. the emancipation of slaves who fought against the British
B. the elimination of property qualifications for voting
C. an end to religious qualifications for voting
D. recognition of the right of women to inherit property
E. the legalized separation of church and state
Which of the planks from the 1892 Populist Party platform showed a concern with issues raised by organized labor?
A. graduated income tax
B. immigration restrictions
C. government ownership of railroads
D. unlimited ("free") coinage of silver
E. direct election of Senators
The Monroe Doctrine state all of the following policies EXCEPT:
A. North and South America were no longer open to European colonization
B. existing colonies would not be interfered with by the U.S.
C. the U.S. would intervene in the problems South American countries had with other nations
D. the colonies European colonies had had in the Western Hemisphere were lost forever
E. the U.S. would not involve itself in the affairs of European nations
The most significant increase in immigration in recent years has come from
A. Latin American and Southeast Asia
B. Eastern Europe
C. the Middle East
D. newly independent African nations
E. Northern Europe
The Pilgrims were also known as Separatists because they
A. wanted to separate Plymouth from Massachusetts Bay Colony
B. believed in the complete separation of church and state
C. broke ties with the Church of England
D. were the first to declared independence from Great Britain
E. tried to isolate Native Americans from white settlers
In Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice John Marshall argued successfully that the Supreme Court could
A. declare federal laws unconstitutional
B. remove federal officials from office if they would not or could not perform their duties
C. determine cases involving interstate commerce
D. decide whether debts should be considered in contracts
E. uphold federal supremacy
Which of the following best illustrates government support for the construction of the transcontinental railroad?
A. open immigration from China
B. the exchange of Union Pacific stock for federal bonds
C. creation of the Crédit Mobilier construction company
D. the grant of thousands of acres of public land to the railroads
E. preference in hiring Union Army veterans
The most important consequence of the Boston Tea Party was the
A. repeal of the tea tax
B. failure of other colonies to support Boston's action
C. opening of negotiations between Britain and Massachusetts
D. enactment by Parliament of the Coercive Acts
E. reopening of the Port of Boston to foreign trade
The outcome of the disputed election of 1876 was significant because it
A. was the last victory for the Radical Republicans
B. meant the end of Reconstruction
C. marked the beginning of a long line of Democratic presidents
D. demonstrated that black voters held the balance of power in Southern politics
E. showed that the North and South were able to reconcile their social and political differences
"If I'd only bought a hundred shares instead of fifty, I'd be up $200. I'll buy fifty more now. Doubles or quits. If I lose what I'm ahead now, I'll quit. 44, 43 ½, 43. Now I'm behind a little... Why am I so greedy? No one ever got poor taking a profit. 43 ½, 44, 44 ½, 44 ¾. Come on, boy, right through the roof!"
The above quotation was most likely written in
The outcome of the election of 1824 between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson was decided by the
A. Electoral College
B. a plurality of the popular vote
C. the Senate
D. the House of Representatives
E. the "Corrupt Bargain"
In addition to the Embargo Act of 1807, a significant factor in the development of American industry in the period 1800-1820 was
A. the invention of the cotton gin
B. the development of railroads
C. the availability of cheap immigrant labor
D. protective tariffs
E. the Louisiana Purchase
The South hoped to gain diplomatic recognition and active support from the British because
A. slavery was still legal in the British Empire
B. British public opinion generally supported the South
C. British factories needed Southern cotton
D. Britain wanted the help of the South to regain the Oregon Territory
E. the North had placed high tariffs on British goods
The principle of nullification is most associated with
A. John C. Calhoun
B. Daniel Webster
C. Andrew Jackson
D. James Madison
E. John Marshall
Which of the following was the principal target of Thomas Nast's political cartoons
B. President Andrew Johnson
C. new immigrants
D. Boss Tweed
The Chautauqua movement was
A. an early form of adult education
B. an effort to prevent the teaching of evolution
C. a late nineteenth century religious revival
D. a literary movement of expatriate American authors
E. a school of fiction based in the Midwest
Which of the following statements about colonial politics in the 1700s is true?
A. the rights to vote for representatives to the colonial assemblies was severely restricted by high property qualifications
B. the colonial assemblies controlled taxes and expenditures
C. the colonial assemblies had the right to elect the governors
D. the governors had unlimited authority as agents of the king
E. the requirements for office holding were the same as those for voting
The Battle of Saratoga resulted in
A. an embarrassing defeat for the Continental Army
B. an unsuccessful peace overture from Lord North
C. France entering the war on the side of the colonies
D. renewed efforts of the Loyalists to enlist colonial support
E. the treason of Benedict Arnold
The decline in agricultural prices after WWI was due primarily to
B. lack of overseas markets
C. decline in small farms
D. crop failures in the Midwest
E. high transportation costs
Which statement best summarizes the Open Door Policy?
A. The U.S. should have its own sphere of influence in China
B. Japan should be excluded from trading with China
C. All nations should be granted equal trading rights in China
D. China should be punished for its support of the Boxer Rebellion
E. The U.S. should control international trade in the Pacific
The Neutrality Act of 1939
A. maintained the ban against trade with countries at war
B. was passed by Congress in response to the outbreak of war in Europe
C. provided for the exchange of naval bases for destroyers between the U.S. and U.K.
D. was enacted over President Roosevelt's veto
E. provided for the cancellation of war debts
Ratification of the Constitution
A. required unanimous approval from the states
B. was put to a nationwide referendum
C. was agreed to by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention
D. was determined by electors from each state
E. needed the approval of nine states
Which of the following civil liberties protected by the Bill of Rights was in the Constitution as originally ratified?
A. freedom of the press
B. the right to bear arms
C. freedom of religion
D. protections against self-incrimination
E. trial by jury
Which of the following states seceded from the Union first?
A. South Carolina
B. North Carolina
When Taft called for dollar diplomacy, he advocated
A. that American businessmen should invest in underdeveloped countries rather than lend those countries U.S. dollars
B. that American government money be loaned to underdeveloped countries
C. purchasing foreign-owned businesses
D. the rejection of the Open Door Policy
E. encouraging foreign exports by reducing tariffs
In responding to the Depression, Hoover placed primary emphasis on
A. reducing the tariff
B. cutting federal taxes
C. regulating the sale of stocks
D. increasing federal income tax rates
E. encouraging private volunteer efforts
Thomas Paine's Common Sense
A. was a call for the abolition of slavery
B. insisted that the British allow the colonies to elect their own representatives to Parliament
C. criticized the weakness of the Articles of Confederation
D. blamed George III for the colonies' problems and urged Americans to declare independence
E. demanded that a strong executive be included in the U.S. Constitution
After 1815, such factors as time, cost, and distance in moving people and goods
A. were increased because of the lack of internal improvements
B. resulted in excessive land speculation
C. were significantly reduced by the transportation revolution
D. mattered less as new market centers were developed
E. caused a downturn in the growth of eastern cities
Hinton R. Helper's book The Impending Crisis of the South was intended as
A. a refutation of Uncle Tom's Cabin
B. an argument against slavery as an economic institution
C. a rallying cry against abolitionism
D. a condemnation of the violent acts of Preset Brooks
E. a rational defense of the practice of slavery
Which of the following was the main issue in Munn v. Illinois
A. suppression of a major strike by the federal government
B. monopolistic practices of the Standard Oil Company
C. state regulation of labor unions
D. state regulation of grain elevator operators and railroad rates
E. state prosecution of a federal official
The participation of the U.S. in WWI was ended
A. through a separate treaty with Germany alone
B. by a treaty with all of the Central Powers
C. when the Senate ratified the Treaty of Versailles
D. through a joint resolution of Congress
E. by a treaty with the other members of the Big Four
"The opposition tells us that we ought not to govern a people without their consent. I answer, the rule of liberty that all just government derives its authority from the consent of the governed applies only to those who are capable of self-government...And, regardless of this formula of words made only for the enlightened, self-governing people, do we owe no duty to the world? Shall we return these people back to the reeking hands from which we have taken them? Shall we abandon them with Germany, England, and Japan hungering for them?"
This speech refers to:
A. territory acquired from Mexico as a result of the Mexican-American War
B. land included in the Louisiana Purchase
C. the purchase of Alaska by Secretary of State Seward
D. colonies acquired after the Spanish-American War
E. American intervention in the Caribbean and Central America
Which of the following best describes the position of William Lloyd Garrison?
A. immediate abolition of slavery with compensation to slave owners
B. immediate abolition of slavery without compensation to slave owners
C. compensated liberation of slaves over a period of time
D. prohibition pf slavery in newly acquired territories
E. freedom for all slaves in the states that had seceded from the Union
The decisive factor in bringing about the resolution of the dispute with Great Britain over the Oregon Territory in 1846 was
A. the Lewis and Clark Expedition forty years earlier
B. the major influence exercised by the Hudson's Bay Company
C. the American claim of prior discovery
D. the heavy influx of American settlers after 1818
E. British reluctance to go to war against the U.S.
Andrew Jackson's view of the presidency emphasized
A. strong Cabinet leadership
B. strengthening the power of the states
C. support for the nullification doctrine
D. Congressional partisan leadership
E. leadership by the executive branch in the interests of the people
After the Civil War, the practice of sharecropping A. turned African-Americans into a labor force with housing and supplies provided by white planters B. taught African-Americans and whites to work together as farmers C. made it possible for African-Americans to save enough money to buy their own farms D. required African-Americans to form groups to work as gang labor E. forced African-Americans to migrate to the North
President Lyndon Johnson received authorization for in Vietnam through
B. the Truman Doctrine
C. the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
D. a declaration of war by Congress
E. the U.N. Security Council
The first federal agency established to regulate business was the
A. Pure Food and Drug Administration
B. Federal Power Commission
C. Federal Reserve System
D. Interstate Commerce Commission
E. Securities and Exchange Commission
According to the above cartoon, the trusts
A. were good for the economic growth of the U.S.
B. were too powerful and contributed to the impoverishment of the country
C. were in control of the food industry
D. opposed restrictions on child labor
E. were positive examples of Social Darwinism at work
The novels of William Faulkner are set in
A. Paris during the 1920s
B. the South
C. the frontier after the Civil War
D. New England
E. small towns in the Midwest
Which of the following made the Soviet Union suspicious of the motives of the U.S. and the U.K. during WWII?
A. the delay in the opening of the second front in Europe
B. the refusal to grant the U.S.S.R. lend-lease aid
C. the American monopoly on atomic technology
D. the adoption of the Europe-first strategy
E. the failure of the West to accept changes in the borders of Poland
In the post-Civil War period, the idea that African-Americans should concentrate on economic betterment rather than political or social equality was advanced by
A. W.E.B. du Bois
B. Frederick Douglas
C. Booker T. Washington
D. Marcus Garvey
E. William Lloyd Garrison
Which of the following best represents the Realist school of American literature?
A. The Red Badge of Courage
B. The Gross Clinic
C. Looking Backward
D. The Grapes of Wrath
E. Moby Dick
Which of the following colonies was founded as a haven for Catholics?
B. New Amsterdam
D. Rhode Island
Which of the following is in the correct chronological order?
A. Bay of Pigs invasion; Gulf of Tonkin Resolution; U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic; limited nuclear test ban treaty
B. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution; Bay of Pigs invasion; limited nuclear test ban treaty; U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic
C. Bay of Pigs invasion; limited nuclear test ban treaty; Gulf of Tonkin Resolution; U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic
D. Bay of Pigs invasion; U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic; Gulf of Tonkin Resolution; limited nuclear test ban treaty
E. U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic; Gulf of Tonkin Resolution; Bay of Pigs invasion; limited nuclear test ban treaty
The Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 was
A. effective in restoring competition
B. declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
C. supported by John D. Rockefeller
D. not immediately successful in limiting business concentration
E. passed by Congress over the veto of President Benjamin Harrison
The key issues in Youngstown Sheet and Tube v. Sawyer was the
A. constitutionality of the Taft-Hartley Act
B. right of the President to seize private property
C. power of the states to limit the number of hours worked by children
D. authority of Congress to impose quotas for hiring based on race
E. validity of state right-to-work laws
Which of the following was the most significant foreign-policy accomplishment of President Jimmy Carter?
A. Paris Peace Accords
B. Panama Canal Treaties
C. SALT I Treaty
D. Camp David Accords
E. Mayaguez incident
The countries shaded on the map were
A. acquired by the U.S. as a result of the Spanish-American War
B. U.S. protectorates at various times between 1898 and 1933
C. places where the U.S. intervened to prevent a Communist takeover
D. the only countries in the Caribbean to join the Alliance for Progress
E. locations of important military bases in the 1960s
Which of the following is properly considered the main purpose of the Navigation Acts?
A. the promotion of trade among the colonies
B. the protection of American manufacturing from foreign competition
C. to guarantee that England alone would profit from trade with the colonies
D. to raise revenue for maintaining the British Empire
E. the regulation of the slave trade in the colonies
The principle of freedom of the press in colonial America was established by the
A. Articles of Confederation
B. Bill of Rights
C. Virginia House of Burgesses
D. trial of Peter Zenger
E. Mayflower Compact
Michael Harrington's The Other America (1962) had a significant impact on public policy because it
A. Vividly described the plight of Native Americans on the reservations
B. addressed the problems of environmental pollution
C. drew attention to the persistence of poverty in the U.S.
D. dealt with the effectiveness of the Jim Crow laws in the South that denied African-Americans voting rights
E. highlighted the difficulties faced by migrant workers
The economic program that emphasizes increasing government expenditures to spur growth and employment is known as
A. supply-side economics
B. deficit spending
D. voodoo economics
The Dred Scott decision held that a slave
A. could sue for his freedom in the courts
B. became free when transported to free territory
C. was private property even in a free territory
D. was a citizen when in free territory
E. could not be transported out of a slave state
Open-range ranching came to an end due to
A. overproduction of beef and declining prices
B. federal support for irrigated agriculture
C. the range wars between cattlemen and sheepherders
D. fencing of the plains with barbed wire
E. increase in cattle production in the Midwest and East
The vision of America as a country of yeoman farmers is most
often associated with
A. George Washington D. Thomas Jefferson
B. Alexander Hamilton E. Andrew Jackson
C. Benjamin Franklin
President Lyndon Johnson's reference to "guns and butter"
A. the Domestic economy would not be affected by the Vietnam War
B. the Vietnam War would require consumer sacrifice
C. dairy products would suffer economic recession
D. the US would alternate between fighting and peace settlement negations
E. US military goals would not be vulnerable to charges of weakness
The first successful oil well was drilled in
A. Texas D. New Jersey
B. Oklahoma E. California
Henry Ford was able to reduce the price of automobiles significantly by
A. entering into price-fixing arrangements with steel companies
B. preventing his workers from joining unions
C. developing assembly-line production techniques
D. forming the automobile trust
E. getting Congress to support a national highway system
Which of the following New Deal agencies was NOT intended to provide
jobs for the unemployed
A. Civilian Conservation Corps D. Civil Works Administration
B. Works Progress Administration E. Public Works Administration
C. National Recovery Administration
The early nineteenth-century Native American leader who urged the Indian
tribes in the Old Northwest Territory to unify to protect their lands was
A. Chief Joseph D. Powhatan
B. Geronimo E. King Philip
Which statement best describes the "Irreconcilables" during the debate over the
Treaty of Versailles?
A. They opposed the treaty because it failed to adequately protect national
minorities in eastern Europe
B. They supported the treaty if certain changes were made on the reparations
C. They were opposed to American participation in the League of Nations on
D. They were willing to accept the treaty if limitations were placed on US
participation in the League of Nations.
E. They accepted the treaty as presented by Wilson but refused to make any
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the Coercive Acts?
A. They were directed against all the colonies
B. They were called the Intolerable Acts by the colonists.
C. The significantly strengthened colonial unity.
D. They led to a boycott of British goods in the colonies.
E. They were the British response to the Boston Tea Party.
The individual who best represented the Enlightenment in colonial America was
A. Anne Hutchinson D. William Bedford
B. George Whitefield E. Benjamin Franklin
C. Alexander Hamilton
The principle that freedom of speech as guaranteed under the First Amendment is
not absolute was stated in which early 20th century Supreme Court decision?
A. Marbury v. Madison D. Schenck v. U.S.
B. Gibbons v. Ogden E. Miranda v. Arizona
C. Brown v. Board of Education
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 was significant because
I. it meant that Congress rather than the President would determine
II. it showed President Andrew Johnson's unwillingness to accept the Radical
approach to Reconstruction
III. it was the first major piece of legislation that became law over a presidential
IV. it guaranteed that former slaves would control the state legislatures in the South
A. I only D. II and IV only
B. III only E. I, II, and III only
C. I and III only
The American journalist William Allen White wrote that the US was "tired of
issues, sick at heart of ideals, and weary of being noble." This best describes the mood of the country in
A. 1920 B. 1932 C. 1960 D. 1968 E. 1976
To Andrew Jackson, the spoils system
A. denied qualified persons the right to keep federal jobs
B. was needed in the absence of civil service laws
C. benefited the political process
D. was a political practice beyond this ability to control
E. kept him from appointing his friends to political office
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that the right to determine the
Constitutionally of a law passed by Congress rested in
A. Congress D. the Supreme Court
B. The states E. the vote of the people
C. The President
Hamilton proposed a tariff soon after the launching of the US government in
A. stop the export of raw materials to Great Britain
B. help develop manufacturing in the United States
C. help develop the American labor movement
D. punish Great Britain for postwar harassment of American shipping.
E. Support the creation of an American merchant marine
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
A. made de jure segregation illegal
B. made de facto segregation illegal
C. outlawed racial discrimination in all places of public accommodation
D. protected registration of black voters
E. ended segregation in private schools
According to Jay's Treaty
A. the British agreed finally to evacuate the Northwest posts
B. all prewar colonial debts were canceled
C. American rights to the Mississippi River were secured
D. A definite boundary between the US and Canada was secured an
extended to the Great Lakes region
E. the British agreed not to take any more American sailors off merchant
The "Back to Africa" movement, which resulted in the creation of Liberia in 1822
Found support in which 20th century group?
A. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
B. Universal Negro Improvement Association
C. Urban League
D. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
E. Congress of Racial Equality
In the 17th century, the Great Migration refers to the
A. settlement of the Puritans in Massachusetts Bay
B. trade in slaves between west Africa and the West Indies
C. immigration of Irish to the colonies
D. expansion of white settlement across the Appalachian Mountains
E. settlement of French-speaking Canadians in Louisiana
All of the following statements about slavery and the Constitution are true
A. There was some support for the abolition of slavery at the Constitutional
B. An important compromise allowed slaves to be included in determining
representation in Congress.
C. The slave trade was immediately abolished.
D. The Constitution included a fugitive-slave clause.
E. The word "slavery" is never used in the Constitution.
"Forty acres and a mule" refers to
A. the proposal to make freed slaves small-scale farmers
B. the terms of the Homestead Act of 1862
C. the allotment given to Native Americans under the Dawes Severalty Act
D. the inducement given recent immigrants if they would settle outside of
E. a typical homestead of the Great Plains in the 1870s.
"If the gold delegates dare to defend the gold standard as a good thing, we will
fight them to the uppermost." Bryan's famous "cross of gold" speech called for
A. the unlimited coinage of silver
B. lower tariffs
C. a revival of greenback paper currency
D. renewed religious commitment for all Americans
E. federal and social welfare programs to deal with the Panic of 1893.
Between 1920 and 1939, American foreign policy included all of the following
A. attempts to develop international agreements on disarmament
B. improved relations with Latin America
C. non-recognition of territory acquired by force
D. concern over the war debt and reparations issue
E. active intervention to prevent aggression
By the end of his presidency, Ulysses S. Grant's popularity had declined
substantially because of
A. the corruption evident in his administration
B. his harsh and brutal policies toward the South
C. his support for "greenbacker" monetary policies
D. his refusal to support the Radicals in Congress
E. revelations about his poor military leadership during the Civil War
The "Insular Cases" decision of the Supreme Court declared that
A. the US had the right to establish a Canal Zone in Panama
B. indigenous people in newly acquired colonies did not necessarily have
the same rights as Americans
C. Puerto Rico and the Philippines could be lawfully annexed
D. Newly acquired territories could eventually become states
E. Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands had been unlawful
The British response to the American claim of "no taxation without
Representation" was that
A. colonial assemblies would be permitted to vote on all new taxes
B. monies raised through taxes would be used for internal improvements
in the colonies.
C. American approval was necessary for internal taxes
D. Members of Parliament represented the interests of all people in the British Empire.
E. Parliament agreed it had no authority to impose taxes on the colonies
All of the following were part of American economic policy during the 1920s
A. lower taxes on the wealthy
B. high tariffs
C. opposition to parity prices for farmers
D. limits on regulation of business
E. support of public-works projects
The individual associated with the development of the skyscraper was
A. John A. Roebling D. Edward Bellamy
B. Frederick Law Olmsted E. Thomas Edison
C. Louis H. Sullivan
The Seventeenth Amendment called for
A. a personal income tax
B. direct election of senators
C. women suffrage
D. moving up the date of presidential inaugurations
E. raising the minimum-age for US Senators to 35
The Ballinger-Pinchot controversy involved
A. a diplomatic incident between the United States and France
B. the regulation of trusts
C. child labor laws
D. conservation policy
E. legislation to restrict immigration
In t he Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812
A. most American demands were satisfied
B. the Americans made substantial concessions to the British
C. the issues that had led to war were finally resolved
D. nothing was settled beyond a restoration of the prewar status quo
E. Britain agreed to end the impressments of American seamen
Germany's notorious Zimmerman telegram
A. promised a temporary halt to submarine warfare
B. proposed an alliance with Mexico if the US declared war on Germany
C. apologized for the sinking of the Lusitania
D. warned the US not to send merchant ships to belligerent nations
E. rejected US efforts for truce in the fighting.
Shays' Rebellion suggests that the most important problem facing the United
States after the Revolution was
A. the ongoing conflict with Native Americans
B. the British refusal to recognize American claims to the Northwest territory
C. economic problems caused by debt and high taxes
D. disputes over states' rights and the authority of the federal government
E. the danger of an open slave revolt in the South
For the period from the end of Reconstruction to 1900, the position of the
Supreme Court toward civil rights is best characterized as
A. supporting the integration of African-Americans into society
B. strictly interpreting the Constitution to broaden the rights of African-Am.
C. establishing the constitutionality of segregation
D. vigorously enforcing the terms of the 14th and 15th Amendments
E. willing to end segregation in the South but not in the North
The so-called "Phony War" of 1939-40
A. marked a period of time when nothing seemed to be happening
B. was a nickname given to the Spanish Civil War
C. was the undeclared war between Great Britain and Italy
D. involved submarine warfare in the Atlantic between the US and Germany
E. ended with the attack on Pearl Harbor
Jacob Coxey's 1894 march on Washington, D.C called for
A. tougher immigration restrictions
B. a government takeover of the railroads
C. an increase in the supply of paper money
D. recognition of the legitimacy of labor unions
E. generosity in granting to Civil War veterans
Which of the following is in the correct chronological order?
A. Articles of Confederation, Whiskey Rebellion, Constitutional Convention,
B. Shays' Rebellion, Articles of Confederation, Whiskey Rebellion,
C. Articles of Confederation, Shays' Rebellion, Constitutional Convention,
D. Whiskey Rebellion, Articles of Confederation, Constitutional Convention,
E. Constitutional Convention, Articles of Confederation, Shays' Rebellion,
The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for
A. a ban on the importation of slaves into the Northwest territory
B. a survey of the Northwest Territory and its division into townships
C. the procedure by which new states would be admitted to the Union
D. protection of Indians by prohibiting white settlement west of the Appalachians
E. the establishment of a series of forts along the Mississippi
The official reason for the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson was his
A. refusal to support ratification of the 14th Amendment
B. violation of the Tenure of Office Act
C. veto of the First Reconstruction Act
D. campaigning against Radical Republicans in the election of 1866
E. belief that African-Americans were not equal to whites.
The first federal law to restrict immigration, passed in 1882, was aimed at
A. stopping Mexicans from crossing the border without first obtaining a visa
B. excluding Chinese immigrants.
C. stopping immigration form eastern Europe
D. restricting the number of people coming into the United States
E. preventing smuggling of illegal aliens over the Canadian border
Wilson's Fourteen Points did NOT include the
A. creation of an independent Czechoslovakia
B. creation of an independent Poland
C. return of Alsace-Lorraine to France
D. creation of an international organization of nations
E. creation of an international peacekeeping force
All of the following were advantages the North had over the South at the start of
the Civil War EXCEPT
A. a larger population D. more railroad and canal networks
B. better military leaders E. a larger navy
C. greater industrial production
The trend taken by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Marshall was to
A. strengthen state power at the expense of the federal government
B. give more authority to state courts and state laws
C. deny the national government authority concerning interstate commerce
D. expand the federal government's power
E. deprive Native Americans of their ancestral land holdings
One of the consequences of the Great Awakening was
A. a closer sense of unity between England and its colonies
B. that the Church of England was adopted by the colonies as an officially
C. the discussion of new ideas in religion
D. a challenge to traditional beliefs
E. a growing awareness of people in the colonies of their rights as Englishmen
The "Critical Period" in American history refers to the
A. decade between 1860 and Lincoln's election
B. United States under the Articles of Confederation
C. era of Jacksonian democracy
D. New Deal
E. Rise of the United States to the status of world power from 1898 to 1920
During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, the issue that triggered the debate over
States' rights was
A. tariff policy D. internal improvements
B. expansion of slavery E. rechartering the Bank of the U.S.
C. Indian removal
The disappearance of slavery in the North resulted from
A. greater Northern devotion to American ideals
B. economic competition from the South
C. higher process for slaves in the South
D. the fact that slavery was economically unprofitable in a region of small farms
E. the Puritans tradition, which reject slaveholding
The injunction as a court order was often used in the late 19th and early 20th
A. break up trusts
B. help farmers in danger of losing their farms
C. stop strikebreakers
D. prevent labor unions from striking
E. protect blacks from civil rights abuses
During World War II, African-Americans in the Military
A. could serve only in the Army
B. were integrated for the first time into white units
C. served in leadership positions
D. received training as airplane pilots
E. were seldom given combat assignments.
All of the following are identified with the counterculture of the 1960s EXCEPT
A. Woodstock D. James Dean
B. Haight-Ashbury E. the film Easy Rider
C. Flower Power
Richard Nixon's early success in politics was largely based on his
A. support of civil rights legislation
B. expertise in foreign policy, particularly China
D. backing of an expansion of the New Deal programs
E. military service during World War II
In Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice John Marshall argued successfully that
the Supreme Court could
A. declare federal laws unconstitutional
B. remove federal officials who would not perform their duties
C. determine cases involving interstate commerce
D. decide whether debts should be considered in contracts
E. uphold the authority of the federal government over the states
The main purpose of the Tennessee Valley Authority was to
A. create affordable housing in rural Appalachia
B. control floods and provide electric power to the region
C. demonstrate the benefits of socialism in a poverty stricken area
D. win political support for the New Deal in traditionally Republican states
E. expand the jurisdiction of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration
The doctrine of popular sovereignty called for the question of permitting slaves
in a new territory to be decided by the
A. House of Representatives D. Compromise of 1850
B. Supreme Court E. Wilmot Proviso
C. People living in the territory
Gabriel's rebellion, a Virginia slave revolt in 1800
A. resulted in the destruction of most of Richmond
B. caused the deaths of more than a hundred whites
C. inspired slaves in other southern states to revolt
D. was planned but never took place
E. was exceptional for its time
The key issue in the 1978 Supreme Court decision of Bakke v.Board of Regents
A. school desegregation
B. affirmative action
C. freedom of the press as applied to student newspapers
E. prayer in public schools
Which of the following events in the Cold War occurred most recently?
A. Hungarian uprising D. launching of Sputnik
B. Berlin airlift E. Castro in power in Cuba
C. U-2 incident
The first employees in the Lowell, Massachusetts, textile mills were
A. slaves imported from the South
B. young girls from New England farms
C. farmers who could no longer support themselves through farming
D. newly arrived immigrants from Europe
E. people who could not find work in urban centers
The most important aspect of Jacksonian democracy was
A. abolition of the property qualification
B. granting of suffrage to free blacks
C. permitting limited suffrage rights to women
D. abolition of poll taxes
E. creation of distinct political parties
The Annapolis Convention was called because
A. merchants wanted a stronger navy to protect their shipping
B. the Indians were effectively resisting the advance of settlers
C. the Confederation Congress had proved incapable of dealing with
D. the British continued to challenge U.S. ships at sea
E. of the debate over the status of free blacks
pt3 The first nationality excluded from immigrating to the United States was the (A) Japanese (B) Mexicans (C) Chinese (D) Haitians (E) Ottoman Turks.
The basic viewpoint of the U.S. Supreme court in the 1920's was to (A) Uphold the anti trust laws (B) favor the position of organized labor (C) overturn progressive laws (D) support the government involvement in business (E) refuse to consider cases involving labor disputes.
The American Anti-slavery movement split in 1840 largely over the issue of (A) the participation of women (B) gradual vs. immediate emancipation (C) civil rights for free blacks in the North (D) Support for the black abolitionists (E) backing for Martin Van Buren for President.
The XYZ affair resulted in (A) the growth of pro French sentiment in the United States (B) a former alliance between Great Britain and the United States (C) An undeclared war between the United States and France (D) embarrassment for President Adams (E) A new alliance with France against great Britain.
The best description of the political views of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention would be (A) Anti-Federalist Jeffersonians (B) men who strongly supported states rights (C) regionalists or sectionalists (D) Men who held a national view of the country (E) Total opposition to compromise.
"The wisest among my race understand that the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremist folly, and that progress in the enjoyment of all the privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and the constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing." This statement was most likely made by (A) Marcus Garvey (B) Booker T. Washington (C) W.E.B. DuBois (D) Barbara Jordan (E) Malcolm X.
The narrowing gap between rural and urban population in the second half of the nineteenth century is best explained by the (A) Migration of former slaves to Northern Cities after the Civil war (B) Impact of immigration on the growth of cities (C) closing of the frontier (D) rapid industrialization of the country (E) increasing the mechanization of American agriculture.
The 1892 Populist Platform did not include (A) government operation of the railroads (B) the initiative (C) the referendum (D) the subtreasury plan (E) high tariffs.
The earliest English colony was (A) Maryland (B) New York (C) Massachusetts Bay (D) Georgia (E) Pennsylvania.
When the Eerie Canal was constructed (A) industrial development suffered as farmers prospered (B) New England manufactures were forced into bankruptcy (C) federal money helped speed construction (D) New England farming declined (E) local markets grew at the expense of a national economy.
Which of the following describes the purpose of the Maine Law of 1851? (A) Banning the manufacturer and sale of alcoholic beverages (B) Prohibiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages (C) Woman's suffrage at the state level (D) State-by-state slavery abolition laws (E) Woman retaining legal rights to their property after marriage.
The Senate would probably have ratified the Versailles Treaty had President Wilson (A) agreed to leave the American public out of the debate over the League of Nations (B) been willing to compromise on the League of Nations issue (C) insisted of the adoption of the Fourteen Points (D) ignored the Reservationists (E) Renegotiated the League Covenant with the Big Four.
The Louisiana Territory was ruled by nations in the following order: A) Spain, France, Mexico, United States B) Spain, France, Spain, United States C) France, Spain, United States D) Spain, France, United States E) France, Spain, France United States
The leading radical Republicans in Congress included I. Charles Sumner II. William H. Seward III. Edwin Stanton IV. Thaddeus Stevens A) I only B) III only C) I and IV only D) II and III only E) I, III and IV only
This engraving is historically significant because it (A) is a good example of American art in the Colonial period (B) reflects the attitude of Loyalists on the eve of the American Revolution (C) was used by the British to justify the enactment of the Coercive Acts against Great Britain (D) had propaganda value in rallying colonial support against Great Britain (E) shows that the colonists in fact attacked the British troops first.
The provisions of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo included all of these except: (A) Pay 15 million to Mexico (B) Set the Texas Boundary at the Rio Grande (C) Yield California to the United States (D) Yield New Mexico to the United States (E) Yield the Mesilla Valley of Arizona to the United States.
According to the Gentlemen's Agreement of 1908, Japan agreed to (A) give Korea it s independence (B) respect the territorial integrity of China (C) discourage its citizens from emigrating to the United States (D) maintain the balance of naval forces in the pacific (E) allow American companies free access to Japanese markets.
The purpose of the Open Door Policy was to (A) open China to free trade (B) guarantee Cuban independence (C) give the United States a sphere of influence in Asia (D) restrict the effect of dollar diplomacy (E) justify military occupation of the Philippines.
"Yesterday I came to Washington with a group of writers to protest the treatment given the bonus army in Washington. Coming to a President of my country to voice such a protest isn't a thing I like to do. With me it is like this: I am intensely interested in the lives of the common everyday people, laborers, mil hands, soldiers, stenographers, or whatever they may be. . . I have been looking, watching, finding out what I could about American life."
o The person most likely to have received this message was (A) Herbert Hoover (B) Franklin D. Roosevelt (C) Pelham Glassford (D) Douglas MacArthur (E) J. Edgar Hoover.
The chief goal of African-American in the civil rights movement in the South in the 1960'a was to (A) end segregated education (B) obtain the right for blacks to vote (C) establish affirmative action job programs (D) secure ratification of the Twenty-Fourth Amendment outlawing the poll tax (E) win control of Southern state legislatures.
Labor unions before the Civil War did not grow for all of these reasons except: (A) women accepted low paying factory jobs (B) the existence of child labor (C) employers provided adequate pension benefits (D) immigrants were willing to work without union membership (E) the possibility of upward mobility.
Most of the people who went to California during the Gold Rush (A) quickly returned to their homes back east (B) went on to follow mining rushes in other areas (C) returned with a fair profit for their efforts (D) found barely enough gold to pay for the trip (E) failed to find enough gold to pay for their expenses.
The Gilded Age received its nickname from the (A) improvement in the average American's standard of living (B) corruption, greed, and superficial appearance of wealth (C) success of mineral strikes in California and the western territories (D) growth of cities and their attractions (E) monetary gold standards.
Large numbers of Irish immigrants came t o the United States in the 1840' because of the (A) persecution of Irish Catholics (B) civil war between North Ireland and Ireland (C) massive failure of potato crop (D) British military aggression in Ireland (E) lure of gold in California.
Theodore Roosevelt's political offices before he became President were (A) Governor of New York, Secretary of State in McKinley's Cabinet, Vice President (B) Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New York (C) Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New York, Vice President (D) Governor of New York, Secretary of the Navy, Vice President (E) Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Governor of New York, Vice President.
For the historian, this document is most helpful for the study of (A) the economic development of Los Angeles after the Civil War (B) politics in Los Angeles during the second half of the nineteenth century (C) ethnic/ immigrant groups in the city (D) municipal ownership of public utilities (E) Hispanic residential areas in Los Angeles.
Twenty years after the adoption of the Constitution, Congress banned (A) the interstate sale of slaves (B) missionary work among slaves (C) slavery in territories acquired by the federal government (D) the importation of slaves to the United States (E) the sale of American-born slaves to slaveholding nations.
"No matter how often you fail, keep on. But if you wish to get rich quickly, then bleed the public and talk patriotism. This may involve bribing public officials and dodging public burdens, the losing of your manhood and the soiling of your fingers, but that is the way most of the great fortunes are made in this country now." This was likely the view of (A) Horatio Alger (B) John Peter Altgeld (C) Andrew Carnegie (D) Henry Clay Frick (E) Russell Conwell.
Which of the following was not a factor in the American decision to declare war on Great Britain in 1812? (A) British orders in Council (B) Impressment of American sailors (C) War Hawk demands for taking Canada (D) Boundary disputes between Vermont and Ontario (E) Frontier conflicts between Americans and the British.
President Woodrow Wilson responded to the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 by (A) demanding that the Germans stop using submarine warfare (B) ordering Americans not to be passengers on belligerent powers' ships (C) requiring exports to Europe to be sent only on American merchant ships (D) severing diplomatic relations with Germany (E) demanding an apology from Kaiser Wilhelm II.
The "Crime of 1873" was (A) the blatant frauds exposed in the 1872 presidential election
o (B) the buying and selling of votes in attempts to defeat the Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act (C) revelations of the Credit Mobilier rail road construction scandal (D) the decision by Congress to stop the coinage of silver (E) the refusal of Congress to remain on the gold standard.
The amendments to the Constitution purposed by the Hartford Convention were intended to (A) limit the power of the federal government (B) increase the authority of the President at the expense of Congress (C) resolve the problems of slavery in the territories west of the Mississippi (D) bring about the immediate end to the War of 1812 (E) make sure that Republicans controlled the Congress.
The major issue in Northern Securities Company vs. U.S. was (A) the right of workers to join labor unions (B) the antitrust laws (C) limitations on child labor (D) the constitutionality of the National Industrial Recovery Act (E) the regulation of the railroads.
Which is the correct order chronology of these inventions A) Reaper, steamboat, telegraph , cotton gin B) Cotton gin, steamboat, reaper, telegraph C) Steamboat, cotton gin , telegraph, reaper D) Cotton gin, reaper, steamboat, telegraph E) Cotton gin, steamboat, telegraph, reaper
"While the Corps has something to do with the spot benefits in a few isolated places, whether in sanitizing drinking water or building converts its work has, and can have, very little to do with the fundamental investments, reorganizations and reforms upon which the true and long term economic development of backward countries depend."
o This view takes a critical look at (A) Civilian Conservation Corps (B) U.S. Marine Corps (C) Peace Corps (D) Job Corps (E) Corps of Engineers.
In the eighteenth century, the view of American whites generally about slavery was that it (A) was wrong for religious and moral reasons (B) should not be hereditary (C) would soon fade as an economic practice (D) affected white people in its political and social impact (E) was a dangerous practice that could bring violence and race war.
The Interstate Commerce Act included all of the following except: (A) publication of railroad rate schedules (B) creation of a commission to hear problems of shippers (C) prohibition of railroad rebates (D) declaration of short-haul differences unlawful (E) establishment of fixed rate schedules for railroads to charge shippers.
This print depicts an important event in the history of (A) the Abolitionist movement (B) the Know-Nothing party (C) the Mormons (D) Bleeding Kansas (E) the Second Great Awakening.
The main spokesman for the cause of American socialism at the turn of the century was (A) Jacob Riis (B) Lincoln Steffens (C) Eugene V. Debs (D) Ignatius Donnelly (E) Jacob Coxey.
Horace Mann believed that (A) education is a private matter and should not involve the state (B) public education should be clearly separated from religious teaching (C) public schools should be separate but equal between the black and white races (D) families should have the right to choose between public and private schools (E) business and industry should pay special taxes in support of public education.
The nomination of Barry Goldwater for President in 1964 indicated that (A) a major party was willing to run a candidate from a small state (B) conservatism was a major force in the Republican party (C) there was strong support for and escalation of American involvement in Vietnam (D) the Republican Party was ready to accept the Great Society programs (E) grass-roots organization were not effective in political campaigns.
The Tariff of 1816 was notable as being the first tariff (A) that tried to protect the development of American industry (B) to raise revenue to pay federal government expenses (C) to be passed by Congress (D) to place a tax on imported foreign cotton (E) to shut out competitive foreign products
In the early years of Reconstruction, an important function of the Freedman's Bureau was (A) the protection of the economic rights of former slaves (B) registering former slaves to vote (C) establishing schools for free blacks in the North (E) the Prosecution of plan tation owners who had abused their slaves
Which of the following statements regarding the draft and the Union Army is true? (A) More than half of the men serving the Union Army were draftees. (B) Congress passed the draft law at the beginning of the Civil War. (C) A potential draftee could hire a substitute of buy his way out of service. (D) There was widespread public support for the draft because of the patriotism generated by the war. (E) The minimum draft age was set at sixteen.
The post-World War II program of economic assistance to Western Europe was known as (A) the Alliance for Progress (B) NATO (C) UNICEF (D) the Marshall Plan (E) the Point Four Program
A major factor in the drastic decline of the Plains Indians in the nineteenth century was (A) their placement on reservations (B) the escalation of intertribal wars aided by modern weapons (C) the hunting of the buffalo to near extinction (D) the loss of military leadership when important chiefs were killed or imprisoned (E) their failure to live up to treaty obligations.
The purpose of the New England Confederation was to (A) unite all the English colonies in a common bond (B) organize colonial defense in New England (C) ease parliament's burden in administrating colonial government (D) prevent the smuggling of enumerated articles (E) join with the area to promote tolerance and coexistence
Under the Navigation Acts, the enumerated articles were (A) goods that could be shipped to any country (B) goods needed but not produced in England (C) taxed more heavily than other products (D) primarily produced in the West Indies (E) regulated by Boards of Trade in the colonies.
The consumer culture that emerged in the 1920's was largely due to (A) the probusiness attitude of the federal government (B) stock market speculation (C) mass-production manufacturing techniques (D) installment buying (E) the emergence of the corporation.
President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society programs (A) won some important battles in health car and education (B) demonstrated the importance of centralized administration in creating antipoverty programs (C) had no effect whatsoever in solving problems of poverty and education (D) actually resulted in poor people getting a worse education (E) succeeded despite the expense of the Vietnam War.
The Stamp Act Congress was significant because it (A) demonstrated that the colonies were loyal to Parliament (B) repealed the Stamp Act (C) led directly to the First Continental Congress (D) failed to persuade Parliament of colonial discontent (E) marked an important step toward the unity of the colonies.
Which of the following statements about the organization of the United Nations is accurate? (A) The permanent members of the Security Council are the United States, the Soviet Union (Russia), France, and Great Britain (B) The General Assembly can override a veto by one of the permanent members of the Security Council (C) The Soviet Union originally had three votes in the general assembly (D) The votes of two of the permanent members are needed to veto a measure in the Security Council (E) The Nationalist government in Taiwan represents China at the United Nations.
The book that is credited with raising the awareness of Americans of the threats to the environment is (A) Unsafe at Any Speed (B) Silent Spring (C) The Affluent Society (D) The Shame of the Cities (E) On the Road.
During the 1894 Pullman strike, President Grover Cleveland (A) took the side of management in the dispute (B) did nothing to stop the dispute (C) took the side of labor in the dispute (D) called on Congress to give the Interstate Commerce Commission enforcement powers (E) invited management and labor representatives to the White House to settle the strike.
Which of the following occurred most recently? (A) Shay's Rebellion (B) The ratification of the Article's of Confederation (C)The publication of The Federalist (D) The Constitutional Convention (E) The Northwest Ordinance.
The Supreme Court in Worcester v Georgia (1832) declared that (A) a citizen of one state could sue another state (B) Indian tribes had no standing in federal courts (C) Georgia could take over Indian territory within its borders (D) Native Americans were entitled to U.S. citizenship (E) Georgia law could not be enforced in the Cherokee Nation.
Henry Wallace ran as the Progressive candidate for President in 1948 because he (A) opposed Truman's policy on civil rights (B) saw himself as the true heir of the New Deal (C) Favored a less hostile attitude towards the Soviet Union than Truman did (D) was defeated by Dewey in the Republican primaries (E) wanted to use the army to force the Soviet Union out of Eastern Europe.