Fort in South Carolina--site of the 1st shots of Civil War when Confederate guns fired and forced surrender of Union troops.
Robert E. Lee
Leader of all Confederate forces. Led attacks at Antietam and Gettysburg.
Union plan to smother South's economy by
Ulysses S. Grant
Winner at Shiloh, later becomes leader of all Union forces and chases Lee to end the war
Missouri, Kentucky, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware. States that had slavery but remained in the Union
Issued after Battle of Antietam, officially freed all slaves in states that were in rebellion against the U.S.
African-Americans in the Civil War
A total of 180,000 African-Americans fought and most were given the worst jobs. Usually led by white officers
One of first African-American regiments. First to fight in battle, lost at Fort Wagner where almost 1/2 regiment was killed
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union General who marched from Atlanta to Savannah waging total war.
Town where Lee finally surrendered to Grant.
Fateful part of Battle of Gettysburg when 13,000 Confederate troops marched directly up hill into hail of gunfire. Disaster for Confederates and sealed defeat at Gettysburg.
a group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War and criticized Abraham Lincoln
One of the most famous nurses during the Civil War who founded the Red Cross
The first iron covered warships in the Civil War. The two most famous were the Merrimac and the Monitor