Test #3

Created by chechez71 

Upgrade to
remove ads

99 terms · Review

A combination of two or more substances that are not chemically bonded is called what?

Mixture

A substance that dissolves in another substance is called a what?

Solute

A mixture in which the components remain evenly distributed is called a?
a. Solution
b. suspension
c. Compound
d. Molecule

a. Solution

The element that makes up the greatest percentage of weight in the body is _____.

Oxygen

What is the name of the plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts?

Frontal

A term to describe the position of the hypo gastric region of the abdomen with respect to the iliac region is _______.

Medial

There are numerous levels of organization in the body. The correct order from simplest to most complex is what?

Cell - Tissue - Organ - System - Organism

The correct order of the stages of mitosis is what?

Prophase - Metaphase - Anaphase - Telaphase

A personal characteristic or lifestyle habit that increases ones chances of getting cancer is called what?

Risk Factor

The tissue enclosing the heart is called the _______.

Pericardium

A term that refers to a disease that is continuously present in a population is an _________.

Endemic

Which of the following diseases is not caused by a fungus?
a. Pneumonia
b. Virginities
c. Ringworm
d. Giardiasis

Giardiasis

Plasma membrane is best described as what?

Selectively Permeable

Which of the muscle types are under voluntary control?

Skeletal

An infection agent composed entirely of protein is called a _______.

Prions

The maintenance of constant body temperature would be difficult without the actions of the ______ _____.

Eccrine Glands

Which of the following is not a function of the skin?
a. Excretion
b. Sensation
c. Breathing
d. Regulation of body temperature

c. Breathing

Freely moveable joints are also called _______.

Diarthroses

Which of the following is not a function of the muscular system?
a. Skeletal Movement
b. Posture
c. Heat Generation
d. Body cooling thru evaporation

d. Body cooling thru evaporation

A major component of the intercellular material of bone is the protein ______.

Collagen

The brain and the spinal cord make up the ________ nervous system.

Central

A group of nerve fibers located within the central nervous system is called what?

Tract

The chemical that transmits the signal across the neuro muscular junction is called ____________.

Acetylcholine or ACH

Nerve impulse conduction is faster in axons coated with ________.

Myelin

The scientific name for a nerve cell is _______.

Neuron

A sudden electrical change in the neuronal membrane that is transmitted along an axon is called _____ ______.

Action Potential

A rapid, simple automatic response that involves few neurons is a _______.

Reflex or Reflex Arch

An increase in heart rate would be mediated by what branch of the autonomic nervous system?

Sympathetic

Paralysis of both arms is called what?

Diplegia

A reflex that does not pass through the brain is termed what?

Spinal Reflex

Which of the following is not in the central nervous system?
a. Interneuron
b. White matter
c. Terminal ganglion
d. Tract

c.Terminal Ganglion

Fibers that conduct impulses away from the cell body are ______.

Axons

Before the start of the action potential the neuron membrane is _____ _____.

At rest

The central canal of the spinal cord contains ______ ______ ______.

Cerebral spinal fluid

Neurons that conduct impulses to the spinal cord and brain are called ____ ____.

Afferent neurons

The division of the nervous system that exclusively controls skeletal muscles is the _____ _____ _____.

Somatic nervous system

The correct order of impulse conduction thru a reflex arc is what?

Receptor - Sensory neuron - Inter neuron - Motor neuron - Effector

The knee jerk reflex is a:
a, Simple reflex
b. Spinal reflex
c. Stretch reflex
d. All of the above

c.Stretch reflex

Motor impulses travel through the spinal cord in the ________ ________.

Descending tracts

Which of the following is not an action of the sympathetic nervous system?
a. Increase in blood pressure
b. Dilation of pupils
c. Stimulation of the adrenal glands
d. Stimulation of skeletal muscles

d. Stimulation of skeletal muscles

Nearly all sensory impulses travel through the area of the diencephalons called the what?

Thalamus

An elevation on the surface of the brain is called _________.

Gyrus or Gyri

A shallow grove on the surface of the brain is called what?

Sulcus or Sulci

The three layers of connective tissue enclosing the brain and spinal cord are called?

Meninges

The midbrain pons and medulla oblongata make up the ______ ______.

Brain Stem

The fluid that circulates around the brain and spinal cord is called what?

Cerebral Spinal Fluid

Impulses from the ear travels to what lobe?

Temporal Lobe

The primary sensory area is found in what lobe?

Parietal

Mr. J. exhibits the symptoms of meningitis. A positive diagnosis requires the extraction of cerebral fluid by a procedure called ______ ______.

Lumbar Puncture

The maintenance of muscle tone and the coordination of signals from the motor cortex is the responsibility of what?

Cerebellum

A deep grove in the brain is called what?

Fissure

Vital centers that regulate respiration in the heart are located in the _____ _____.

Medulla Oblongata

The visual area of the cortex is in the ______ ______.

Occipital Lobe

The craninal nerve concerned with the sense of smell is ______ ______.

Olfactory Nerve

Multi-infarct dementia results from what?

Series of small cerebral vascular accidents.

Autonomic nervous system and the pituitary gland are controlled by ______.

Hypothalamus

Which of the following is not a method for studying the brain?
a. MRI
b. PED
c. EEG
d. RAS

PED

The mid brain and the medulla oblongata are connected by what?

Pons

Which of the following symptoms is suggested of Alzheimer?

Intellectual Impairment

Glaucoma is associated with excess eye fluid. The excess fluid exerts pressure on the nerve receiving visual input from the eye known as the _____ ______.

Optic Nerve

An irregularity in the curvature of the lens or cornea results in a condition called _____.

Astigmatism

The muscle that regulates the size of the pupil is the _______.

Iris

The fluid that fills the space anterior to the lens is the ______ ______.

Aqueous Humor

The three small bones of the middle ear are collectively called ________.

Ossicles

The middle ear cavity and pharynx are connected by a channel called ______ ______.

Eustachian Tube

The bending of light rays as they pass through the eye is called _______.

Refraction

The coiled portion of the inner ear that contains the organ for hearing is the ________.

Cochlea

Receptors in muscles, tendons and joints that help judge the position of the body are called __________.

Proprioceptors

A receptor may gradually stop responding to a continues mild stimulus. This process is called what?

Sensory Adaption

Naturally occurring pain killers that can be released in response to the massage and acupressure are called ________.

Endorphins

Which of the following is a special sense?
a. Proprioception
b. Pressure
c. Taste
d. Touch

c. Taste

Which of the following is a general sense?
a. Hearing
b. Equilibrium
c. Proprioception
d. Vision

c. Proprioception

Which area of the tongue is particularly sensitive to sweet taste?

The Tip

Where are tears produced?

Lacrimal Gland

What are the receptors for vision?

Rods and Cones

What is the scientific name for the ear drum?

Tympanic Membrane

The middle pigmented layer of the eye is called _______.

Choroid

The receptors for static equilibrium are located in the _______.

Vestibule

A professor has asked you if you want to write a 50 page essay. You respond by shaking your head "no". This motion will be sensed by what?

Cristae

The receptors for pain are called what?

Free Nerve Endings

The large gland located on either side of the larynx is called ______ ______.

Thyroid Gland

Hormones attach to plasma membrane proteins called what?

Receptors

The hormone secreted for the thymus that promotes t-cell growth is ______.

Thymosin

The disorder resulting from excess growth hormone in an adult is ______.

Acromegaly

The hormone that can be used to induce labor is called _______.

Oxytocin

What are the building blocks of protein hormones?

Amino Acids

The most important male sex hormone is __________.

Testosterone

The hormone secreted by the pancreatic islets that raises blood sugar is called ________.

Glucagon

The disease that results from the lack of insulin is called _______ ______.

Diabetes Mellitus

A portal system links the hypothalamus to what?

Anterior Pituitary

Enlargement of the thyroid gland is called what?

Goiter

Which of the following is produced, not just stored in the posterior pituitary?

None of the above

The stalk connecting the hypothalamus and pituitary gland is called the what?

Infundibulum

Diabetes insipidus results from a lack of what?

Anti-diuretic hormone

Oral contraceptives contain what?

Estrogen and progesterone

The suffix "-poiesis" means ________.

Forming

Which hormone opposes the effects of parathyroid hormone?

Calcitonin

Calcitonin and parathyroid hormone secretions are regulated by negative feedback. Increased blood calcium levels result in what?

Increased calcitonin and decreased parathyroid hormone

Local hormones produced by most body tissues are ________.

Prostaglandins

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set