The Crusade that failed in its goal of recapturing the Crusader state of Edessa from the Turks.
The Crusade that resulted in the capture of Jerusalem by the Christians and the creation of four Crusader states.
The Crusade that resulted in the signing of a truce and an agreement to allow Christian pilgrims to visit Jerusalem.
In medieval Europe, the Church considered usury, the "selling of positions in the Church" a sin. T or F
When the harness was improved, "oxen" could be successfully used for plowing and for pulling wagons. T or F
In the Middle Ages, men who studied together at the great universities were known as "scholastics". T or F
Food production increased afer about the year 800 when peasants adopted the "four-field" system of farming. T or F
Thomas Aquinas is known for scholarly work that combined Christian belief with the ideas of the best thinkers of ancient "Babylon". T or F
The Church was weakened when Pope Clement V began the practice of locating the pope's residence in "Paris". T or F
The Great Schism involved a dispute over who was the one true "ruler of France". T or F
The scholar John Wycliff preached that "Jesus Christ" is the true head of the Church. T or F
The French troops who broke the siege of Orleans were led into battle by "King Charles VI". T or F
"Thomas Aquinas" was burned at the stake as a heretic for teaching the Bible had greater authority than the pope. T or F
The most effective fighters at the battle of Crecy, Poitiers, and Agincourt, were the "English longbowmen". T or F
When Pope Boniface VIII declared that monarchs must always obey popes, King Philip IV of France had the pope "excommunicated". T or F
What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
to recover Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks
What problems was identified by Church reformers during the Middle Ages?
Village priests married, Bishops sold positions, and Kings, rather than Church leaders, appointed bishops.
What was the effect of the three-field system?
Farmers produced more food and villagers had more to eat.
Which best describes the nature of a craft guild?
An association of people who worked at the same occupation.
What was the major cause of the Great Schism?
arguments about which man holding the position of pope was the true pope
The event that had the greatest effect on the growth of Islam in East Africa was what?
the increase in trade and commerce
What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?
What city controlled trade routes and was the economic, political, and religious center of an empire?