9th History Ch 14 & 15

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The English king who led the Third Crusade.

Richard the Lion-Hearted

The practice of selling positions in the Church.

simony

The pope who issued the call for the First Crusade.

Urban II

The organized effort to drive the Muslims out of Spain.

Reconquista

The most famous and respected Muslim leaeder of his age.

Saladin

The Crusade that resulted in the looting of Constantinople by Western Christians.

Fourth Crusade

The Church court used in Spain to persecute Jews and Muslims.

Inquisition

The architectural style most closely associated with the Age of Faith.

Gothic style

The style of architecture intended to achieve greater light and height.

Gothic style

The Crusade that failed in its goal of recapturing the Crusader state of Edessa from the Turks.

Second Crusade

The Crusade that resulted in the capture of Jerusalem by the Christians and the creation of four Crusader states.

First Crusade

The Crusade that resulted in the signing of a truce and an agreement to allow Christian pilgrims to visit Jerusalem.

Third Crusade

Vernacular is the common "diet" of a place or region. T or F

False

In medieval Europe, the Church considered usury, the "selling of positions in the Church" a sin. T or F

False

When the harness was improved, "oxen" could be successfully used for plowing and for pulling wagons. T or F

False

In the Middle Ages, men who studied together at the great universities were known as "scholastics". T or F

True

Food production increased afer about the year 800 when peasants adopted the "four-field" system of farming. T or F

False

Thomas Aquinas is known for scholarly work that combined Christian belief with the ideas of the best thinkers of ancient "Babylon". T or F

False

Which king was the first to claim all of England as his personal property?

William the Conqueror

To whom was Eleanor of Aquitaine married?

Henry II

Who forced whom to sign the Magna Carta?

The English nobility forced John to sign.

What provided the origin of English common law?

royal courts of justice

The Church was weakened when Pope Clement V began the practice of locating the pope's residence in "Paris". T or F

False

The Great Schism involved a dispute over who was the one true "ruler of France". T or F

False

The bubonic plague killed approx. "one third" of the population of Europe. T or F

True

The scholar John Wycliff preached that "Jesus Christ" is the true head of the Church. T or F

True

The French troops who broke the siege of Orleans were led into battle by "King Charles VI". T or F

False

"Thomas Aquinas" was burned at the stake as a heretic for teaching the Bible had greater authority than the pope. T or F

False

The most effective fighters at the battle of Crecy, Poitiers, and Agincourt, were the "English longbowmen". T or F

True

When Pope Boniface VIII declared that monarchs must always obey popes, King Philip IV of France had the pope "excommunicated". T or F

False

What was the chief goal of the Crusades?

to recover Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks

What problems was identified by Church reformers during the Middle Ages?

Village priests married, Bishops sold positions, and Kings, rather than Church leaders, appointed bishops.

What was the effect of the three-field system?

Farmers produced more food and villagers had more to eat.

Which best describes the nature of a craft guild?

An association of people who worked at the same occupation.

What did the Magna Carta guarantee?

basic legal rights

What was the major cause of the Great Schism?

arguments about which man holding the position of pope was the true pope

What was the name of the legislative body of medieval England?

parliament

During the later Middle Ages, where were most serfs likely to search for freedom?

towns or cities

Which group was most responsible for the spread of the bubonic plague to Europe?

traders

What was the central issue of the Hundred Years' War?

the throne of France

What type of society are the Efe?

a hunter-gatherer, forest society

What is emphasized by the age-set system?

the duties and roles associated with varying ages

In general, where were the Muslim states of Africa established?

North Africa

Was the largest empire ever to exist in West Africa.

Ghana

Was an empire in the Sahara.

Mali

Was known for developing advanced weaponry.

Songhai

Was a savanna civilization.

Benin

The Swahili language is a mixture of Bantu languages and what?

Arabic

The event that had the greatest effect on the growth of Islam in East Africa was what?

the increase in trade and commerce

What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?

lineage groups

The Swahili language developed from a mixture of what languages?

Arabic and Bantu languages

What did Portugal's initial interest in Africa mostly seem to concern?

trade

The original Almohads and Almoravids were both a part of which group?

Muslim reformers

Who was Mali's first great leader?

Sundiata

What city controlled trade routes and was the economic, political, and religious center of an empire?

Great Zimbabwe

What forces brought an end to the Age of Chivalry?

See book

What were some of the most important effects of the bubonic plague in Europe?

See book

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